Article published in:Early history of the North Sea Germanic languages
Edited by Stephen Laker and Hans Frede Nielsen †
[NOWELE 74:1] 2021
► pp. 131–151
On the fringe between West and North Germanic
Early language contact between North Frisian and Danish
In this paper I investigate the early language contact between North Frisian and Danish. Since we have no direct evidence for this language contact apart from the layer of medieval Danish interferences in Modern North Frisian, the question arises, whether it is possible to say anything about the specific type of language contact that has taken place in the Middle Ages on the basis of the modern language data and with the help of language contact theory. Taking the lead of van Coetsem’s language contact theory, I discuss two phenomena in the (morpho)syntax of Modern North Frisian, the placement of directional particles and the inventory of verbal particles, and argue that they point to a language contact situation in which a considerable number of Danish-speakers shifted to North Frisian.
Published online: 19 April 2021
Bock, K. N.
Coetsem, F. van
Ebert, K. H.
Faltings, V. F.
Feilberg, H. F.
Nickelsen, H. Chr
Walker, A. G. H.