Understatements and Hedges in English

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ISBN 9789027225313 (Eur) | EUR 75.00
ISBN 9780915027293 (USA) | USD 113.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027280336 | EUR 75.00 | USD 113.00
 
The goal of this monograph is a comprehensive analysis of understatements and other forms of non-direct speech (hedges) in modern English. It is based on a multi-level approach, including philosophical, cultural, and socio-psychological arguments. The main part consists of an investigation of the linguistic restrictions for understatements and hedges to be formed by means of the following grammatical categories: negation of predicates, gradation of predicates, modalization of affirmative sentences by means of parenthetical verbs, modal adverbs, modal verbs, and questions.
[Pragmatics & Beyond, IV:6]  1983.  ix, 192 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Preface
ix
0. Introduction
1
1. Guidelines to Understatements and Hedges
9
1.1. The sentence and its negatability
9
1.2. Liability constraints of the sentence
14
1.3. Working definition and working perspective
23
2. Phrastic Indetermination as a Device for Forming Understatements
27
2.1. Negation of predicates
27
2.2. Detensification of predicates by grading adverbs
63
3. Neustic Indetermination as a Device for Forming Hedges
97
3.1. Factivity and modality
97
3.2. Questions
98
3.3. Modalized assertory assertions
114
3.4. Summary
153
4. Communicative Conditions for Understatements and Hedges
155
4.1. Another look at negatability of sentences
155
4.2. Communication as a possible threat to face
156
4.3. Understatements and hedges as face saving strategies
157
4.4. Face threatening acts and face saving strategies exemplified by praise and criticism
157
4.5. Summary
169
Footnotes
171
References
183
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Subjects

Linguistics

Semantics
Pragmatics
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  84010981