Chapter published in:Implicitness: From lexis to discourse
Edited by Piotr Cap and Marta Dynel
[Pragmatics & Beyond New Series 276] 2017
► pp. 67–94
Chapter 4Implicitness in the lexis
Lexical narrowing and neo-Gricean pragmatics
This article is dedicated to the memory of Associate Professor Frantisek Lichtenberk (1945–2015), my Auckland colleague and friend, and a distinguished scholar in the field of Oceanic languages and linguistics.In this chapter, I present a neo-Gricean pragmatic analysis of lexical narrowing. By lexical narrowing is meant the phenomenon of implicitness whereby the use of a lexical item conveys a meaning that is more specific than the lexical expression’s lexically encoded meaning. Lexical narrowing can be grouped into two types: (i) Q-based and (ii) R/I-based. In the first type, the use of a semantically weaker lexical item in a set of contrastive semantic alternates Q-implicates the negation of the meaning associated with that of the semantically stronger lexical item in the same set. In the second, the use of a semantically general lexical expression I-implicates a semantically more specific sense. Finally, I argue that the pragmatic enrichment involving lexical narrowing is nothing but a neo-Gricean, ‘pre-semantic’ conversational implicature.
Keywords: lexical narrowing, lexical/semantic underspecification, pragmatic enrichment, neo-Gricean lexical pragmatics, pre-semantic conversational
- 2.Semantic underspecification
- 2.1Linguistic underdeterminacy thesis
- 2.2Semantic or lexical underspecification
- 3.Classical and neo-Gricean pragmatics
- 3.1Classical Gricean pragmatics
- 3.2Horn’s bipartite neo-Gricean model
- 3.3Levinson’s trinitarian neo-Gricean pragmatic model
- 4.Two types of lexical narrowing
- 4.1.Q-based lexical narrowing
- 4.2.R/I-based lexical narrowing
- 5.Pragmatic enrichment involving lexical narrowing: Explicature, the pragmatically enriched said, conversational impliciture or conversational implicature?
- Author Query
Published online: 30 June 2017
Atlas, Jay D
Horn, Laurence R
Horn, Laurence, R
Horn, Laurence R., and Gregory Ward, Gregory
2013b “Unarticulated Constituents in Neo-Gricean Pragmatics.” Paper presented at the 1st International Pragmatic Conference of the Americas .
Kennedy, Chris, and Louise McNally
Searle, John R
Cited by 1 other publications
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