Hedging in Scientific Research Articles

| City University of Hong Kong
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027250674 (Eur) | EUR 115.00
ISBN 9781556198168 (USA) | USD 173.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027282583 | EUR 115.00 | USD 173.00
 
This book provides a comprehensive study of hedging in academic research papers, relating a systematic analysis of forms to a pragmatic explanation for their use. Based on a detailed examination of journal articles and interviews with research scientists, the study shows that the extensive use of possibility and tentativeness in research writing is intimately connected to the social and institutional practices of academic communities and is at the heart of how knowledge comes to be socially accredited through texts. The study identifies the major forms, functions and distribution of hedges and explores the research article genre in detail to present an explanatory framework based on a complex social and ideological interpretive environment. The results show that hedging is central to Scientific argument, individual scientists and, ultimately, to science itself. The importance of hedging to student writers is also recognised and a chapter devoted to teaching implications.
[Pragmatics & Beyond New Series, 54]  1998.  x, 308 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Preface
viii
Acknowledgments
x
On Hedging and Hedges
1
Towards a context of scientific hedging
13
Perspective and hedging in discourse
38
Theoretical and Methodological considerations
81
Surface features of hedging
102
A pragmatic analysis of hedging
156
Examining hedges in scientific discourse
189
Hedging and second language learners
217
Conclusions and Implications
244
Notes
265
Appendix: corpus of journal articles
267
References
271
Index
304
“This is definitely a book to order for any library with a respectable linguistics section, and for specialists in modality and pragmatics, [...]”
“[...] a book that raises issues of vital importance to teachers and researchers in the field of ESP and academic discourse generally.”
“Hyland's book is a stimulating and comprehensive overview of the subject, which brings much literature together, and substantially advances our understanding of a complex phenomenon.”
Cited by

Cited by other publications

No author info given
1999. Book reviews. Forensic Linguistics 6:2  pp. 320 ff. Crossref logo
No author info given
2016.  In Discourse Reflexivity in Linear Unit Grammar [Studies in Corpus Linguistics, 76], Crossref logo
No author info given
2019.  In Learning the Language of Dentistry [Studies in Corpus Linguistics, 93], Crossref logo
No author info given
2019.  In Negation and Speculation Detection [Natural Language Processing, 13], Crossref logo
No author info given
2021.  In Advancedness in Second Language Spanish [Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics, 31], Crossref logo
No author info given
2021.  In Discourse Studies in Public Communication [Discourse Approaches to Politics, Society and Culture, 92], Crossref logo
Accuosto, Pablo & Horacio Saggion
2019.  In Natural Language Processing and Information Systems [Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 11608],  pp. 182 ff. Crossref logo
Adamczyk, Magdalena
2015. Do hedges always hedge?. Pragmatics. Quarterly Publication of the International Pragmatics Association (IPrA) 25:3  pp. 321 ff. Crossref logo
Adams, Heather & Elena Quintana-Toledo
2013. Adverbial stance marking in the introduction and conclusion sections of legal research articles. Revista de Lingüística y Lenguas Aplicadas 8:0 Crossref logo
Ahmad, Ummul & Maryam Mehrjooseresht
2012. Stance Adverbials in Engineering Thesis Abstracts. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 66  pp. 29 ff. Crossref logo
Albakry, Mohammed
2015.  In Corpus-based Research in Applied Linguistics [Studies in Corpus Linguistics, 66],  pp. 79 ff. Crossref logo
Albelda Marco, Marta
2018. La variación genérico-discursiva de la atenuación como resultado de la variación de la imagen. Spanish in Context 15:2  pp. 346 ff. Crossref logo
Alonso Almeida, Francisco & Heather Adams
2012. SENTENTIAL EVIDENTIALS IN ENGLIHS MEDICAL RESEARCH PAPERS. Revista de Lingüística y Lenguas Aplicadas 7:1 Crossref logo
Alonso Almeida, Francisco & Margarita Mele-Marrero
2014. Stancetaking in seventeenth-century prefaces on obstetrics. Journal of Historical Pragmatics 15:1  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Alonso-Almeida, Francisco & Mª Isabel González-Cruz
2012. Exploring Male and Female Voices through Epistemic Modality and Evidentiality in Some Modern English Travel Texts on the Canaries. Research in Language 10:3  pp. 323 ff. Crossref logo
Andow, James
2017. Intuition-Talk: Virus or Virtue?. Philosophia 45:2  pp. 523 ff. Crossref logo
Appel, Randy & David Wood
2016. Recurrent Word Combinations in EAP Test-Taker Writing: Differences between High- and Low-Proficiency Levels. Language Assessment Quarterly 13:1  pp. 55 ff. Crossref logo
Ariely, Moriah, Zohar Livnat & Anat Yarden
2019. Analyzing the Language of an Adapted Primary Literature Article. Science & Education 28:1-2  pp. 63 ff. Crossref logo
Atkinson, Dwight
2012.  In The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics, Crossref logo
Auld, Euan & Paul Morris
2016. PISA, policy and persuasion: translating complex conditions into education ‘best practice’. Comparative Education 52:2  pp. 202 ff. Crossref logo
Avkhacheva, Irina, Irina Barinova & Natalia Nesterova
2020.  In Integrating Engineering Education and Humanities for Global Intercultural Perspectives [Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems, 131],  pp. 494 ff. Crossref logo
Bahadofar, Raheleh & Javad Gholami
2017. TYPES AND FUNCTIONS OF CITATIONS IN MASTER’S THESES ACROSS DISCIPLINES AND LANGUAGES. Discourse and Interaction 10:2  pp. 27 ff. Crossref logo
Bajwa, Nida Ul Habib, Cornelius J. KÖnig & Octavia S. V. Harrison
2016. Toward Evidence-Based Writing Advice: Using Applied Linguistics to Understand Reviewers’ Expectations. Academy of Management Learning & Education 15:3  pp. 419 ff. Crossref logo
Bajwa, Nida ul Habib, Markus Langer, Cornelius J. König & Hannah Honecker
2019. What might get published in management and applied psychology? Experimentally manipulating implicit expectations of reviewers regarding hedges. Scientometrics 120:3  pp. 1351 ff. Crossref logo
Biber, Douglas & Susan Conrad
2019.  In Register, Genre, and Style, Crossref logo
Biber, Douglas, Jesse Egbert & Meixiu Zhang
2018.  In The Construction of Discourse as Verbal Interaction [Pragmatics & Beyond New Series, 296],  pp. 201 ff. Crossref logo
Biber, Douglas & Shelley Staples
2014.  In Spoken Corpora and Linguistic Studies [Studies in Corpus Linguistics, 61],  pp. 271 ff. Crossref logo
Biber, Douglas & Meixiu Zhang
2018. Expressing evaluation without grammatical stance: informational persuasion on the web. Corpora 13:1  pp. 97 ff. Crossref logo
Blagojević, Slavka
2012. English and Serbian academic discourses analyzed in the light of ‘explicit reflexivity’ parameters. Discourse and Interaction 5:1  pp. 5 ff. Crossref logo
Bongelli, Ramona, Ilaria Riccioni, Roberto Burro, Andrzej Zuczkowski & Miguel A. Andrade-Navarro
2019. Writers’ uncertainty in scientific and popular biomedical articles. A comparative analysis of the British Medical Journal and Discover Magazine. PLOS ONE 14:9  pp. e0221933 ff. Crossref logo
Bongelli, Ramona, Ilaria Riccioni, Carla Canestrari, Ricardo Pietrobon & Andrzej Zuczkowski
2014.  In Communicating Certainty and Uncertainty in Medical, Supportive and Scientific Contexts [Dialogue Studies, 25],  pp. 309 ff. Crossref logo
BOWLES, HUGO
2012. Analyzing Languages for Specific Purposes Discourse. The Modern Language Journal 96  pp. 43 ff. Crossref logo
BRAUN, ISABEL & MATTHIAS NÜCKLES
2014. Scholarly Holds Lead Over Popular and Instructional: Text Type Influences Epistemological Reading Outcomes. Science Education 98:5  pp. 867 ff. Crossref logo
Britt, M. Anne, Tobias Richter & Jean-François Rouet
2014. Scientific Literacy: The Role of Goal-Directed Reading and Evaluation in Understanding Scientific Information. Educational Psychologist 49:2  pp. 104 ff. Crossref logo
Brook O'Donnell, Matthew, Ute Römer & Nick C. Ellis
2015.  In Current Issues in Phraseology [Benjamins Current Topics, 74],  pp. 83 ff. Crossref logo
Böttger, Claudia
2006.  In Kooperation und Effizienz in der Unternehmenskommunikation,  pp. 259 ff. Crossref logo
Böttger, Claudia
2008.  In Kooperation und Effizienz in der Unternehmenskommunikation,  pp. 259 ff. Crossref logo
Cambrosio, Alberto, Daniel Jacobi & Peter Keating
2004. Intertextualité et archi-iconicité : le cas des représentations scientifiques de la réaction antigène-anticorps.. Études de communication :27 Crossref logo
Cantos, Pascual
2012.  In The Handbook of Historical Sociolinguistics,  pp. 99 ff. Crossref logo
Cao, Yan & Richard Xiao
2013. A multi-dimensional contrastive study of English abstracts by native and non-native writers. Corpora 8:2  pp. 209 ff. Crossref logo
Carrió-Pastor, María Luisa
2019.  In Computational and Corpus-Based Phraseology [Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 11755],  pp. 61 ff. Crossref logo
Charles, Maggie
2006. The Construction of Stance in Reporting Clauses: A Cross-disciplinary Study of Theses. Applied Linguistics 27:3  pp. 492 ff. Crossref logo
Cheng, Kai-Yuan
2017.  In Philosophy of Science in Practice,  pp. 87 ff. Crossref logo
Chiluwa, Innocent
2015. Radicalist discourse: a study of the stances of Nigeria'sBoko Haramand Somalia'sAl Shabaabon Twitter. Journal of Multicultural Discourses 10:2  pp. 214 ff. Crossref logo
Chovanec, Jan
2017. Gil-Salom & Soler-Monreal, eds. (2014). Dialogicity in Written Specialised Genres. English Text Construction 10:1  pp. 165 ff. Crossref logo
Claveau, François & Jordan Girard
2019. Generic Generalizations in Science. Erkenntnis 84:4  pp. 839 ff. Crossref logo
Crespo, Begoña & Isabel Moskowich
2020. Astronomy, Philosophy, Life Sciences and History Texts: Setting the Scene for the Study of Modern Scientific Writing. English Studies 101:6  pp. 665 ff. Crossref logo
Csomay, Eniko
2015.  In Corpus-based Research in Applied Linguistics [Studies in Corpus Linguistics, 66],  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Dafouz, E., B. Núñez & C. Sancho
2007. Analysing Stance in a CLIL University Context: Non-native Speaker Use of Personal Pronouns and Modal Verbs. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism 10:5  pp. 647 ff. Crossref logo
Dahl, Trine
2004. Textual metadiscourse in research articles: a marker of national culture or of academic discipline?. Journal of Pragmatics 36:10  pp. 1807 ff. Crossref logo
Dahl, Trine
2009. The Linguistic Representation of Rhetorical Function. Written Communication 26:4  pp. 370 ff. Crossref logo
Dahl, Trine
2012.  In The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics, Crossref logo
Dayag, Danilo T.
2004. Negotiating Evaluation in Newspaper Editorials in Philippine English. Asian Englishes 7:2  pp. 28 ff. Crossref logo
Di Marco, Chrysanne, Frederick W. Kroon & Robert E. Mercer
2006.  In Computing Attitude and Affect in Text: Theory and Applications [The Information Retrieval Series, 20],  pp. 247 ff. Crossref logo
Diani, Giuliana
2014.  In The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics,  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Dolgova Jacobsen, Natalia
2018.  In Language Learning, Discourse and Cognition [Human Cognitive Processing, 64],  pp. 275 ff. Crossref logo
Dong, Jihua & Louisa Buckingham
2018. The textual colligation of stance phraseology in cross-disciplinary academic discourse. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 23:4  pp. 408 ff. Crossref logo
Dontcheva-Navrátilová, Olga
2018.  In Persuasion in Public Discourse [Discourse Approaches to Politics, Society and Culture, 79],  pp. 227 ff. Crossref logo
Dontcheva-Navrátilová, Olga, Renata Jančaříková, Gabriela Miššíková & Renata Povolná
2017.  In Coherence and Cohesion in English Discourse, Crossref logo
Dossena, Marina
2002. Review of Vihla ((1999)): Medical Writing - Modality in Focus. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 7:1  pp. 110 ff. Crossref logo
Drury, Helen
2018. Knowledge building. Australian Review of Applied Linguistics 41:2  pp. 157 ff. Crossref logo
Dueñas, Pilar Mur
2012.  In The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics, Crossref logo
Durik, Amanda M., M. Anne Britt, Rebecca Reynolds & Jennifer Storey
2008. The Effects of Hedges in Persuasive Arguments. Journal of Language and Social Psychology 27:3  pp. 217 ff. Crossref logo
Durán Escribano, Mª Pilar & Ana Luz Rubio Moreda
2015. Evaluación del uso competente de los rasgos lingüísticos del IPA en relación con los niveles del MCER. Revista de Lingüística y Lenguas Aplicadas 10:1  pp. 21 ff. Crossref logo
Dynel, Marta, Karol Marek Klimczak & Anna Marta Pikos
2015. Communicating Uncertainty in Financial Statement Narratives: Goodwill Impairment Testing. SSRN Electronic Journal Crossref logo
Flottum, Kjersti
2005. The self and the others: polyphonic visibility in research articles. International Journal of Applied Linguistics 15:1  pp. 29 ff. Crossref logo
Fløttum, Kjersti
2010. A linguistic and discursive view on climate change discourse. ASp :58  pp. 19 ff. Crossref logo
Fløttum, Kjersti
2014.  In Genres & textes,  pp. 239 ff. Crossref logo
Fløttum, Kjersti
2014. Perspectives linguistiques et discursives sur la circulation du discours portant sur le changement climatique. Cahiers de praxématique :63 Crossref logo
Francl, Michelle
2014. The write stuff. Nature Chemistry 6:7  pp. 555 ff. Crossref logo
Friess, Erin
2017.  In 2017 IEEE International Professional Communication Conference (ProComm),  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Fritz, Gerd
2018.  In Historical Pragmatics of Controversies [Controversies, 14],  pp. 210 ff. Crossref logo
Fryer, Daniel Lees
2019.  In Engagement in Professional Genres [Pragmatics & Beyond New Series, 301],  pp. 157 ff. Crossref logo
Fu, Liye, Lillian Lee & Cristian Danescu-Niculescu-Mizil
2017.  In Proceedings of the 26th International Conference on World Wide Web,  pp. 1381 ff. Crossref logo
Gendron-Pontbriand, Eve-Marie
2017. Le traitement de la modalité épistémique dans les traductions françaises de On the Origin of Species de Charles Darwin. Meta 61  pp. 87 ff. Crossref logo
Giannoni, Davide Simone
2009.  In Academic Evaluation,  pp. 17 ff. Crossref logo
Golmohammadi, Saeedeh, Somayeh Suluki, Forugh Daneshmand & Farzad Salahshoor
2014. Socio – Cognitive Perspective to the Analysis of the Strategic Features of the Discussion Section of Research Articles in Applied Linguistics: Native vs. Non-native Researchers. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 98  pp. 604 ff. Crossref logo
Grandjean, Philippe
2008. Late Insights into Early Origins of Disease. Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology 102:2  pp. 94 ff. Crossref logo
Grandjean, Philippe
2020.  In Health Impacts of Developmental Exposure to Environmental Chemicals [Current Topics in Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine, ],  pp. 531 ff. Crossref logo
Graça Pinto, Maria da, Paulo Osório & Fernanda Martins
2014.  In Communicating Certainty and Uncertainty in Medical, Supportive and Scientific Contexts [Dialogue Studies, 25],  pp. 291 ff. Crossref logo
Green, Nancy L.
2010. Analysis of communication of uncertainty in genetic counseling patient letters for design of a natural language generation system. Social Semiotics 20:1  pp. 77 ff. Crossref logo
Gross, Alan G.
2003. Accounting for Rhetorical Change: The Case of the Founding of the Austrian Academy of Science. Rhetoric Review 22:1  pp. 40 ff. Crossref logo
Gu, Chonglong
2019. Mediating ‘face’ in triadic political communication: a CDA analysis of press conference interpreters’ discursive (re)construction of Chinese government’s image (1998–2017). Critical Discourse Studies 16:2  pp. 201 ff. Crossref logo
Gupta, Suman
2007.  In Social Constructionist Identity Politics and Literary Studies,  pp. 137 ff. Crossref logo
Gómez, Inmaculada Fortanet
2006.  In Information Technology in Languages for Specific Purposes [Educational Linguistics, 7],  pp. 35 ff. Crossref logo
Hafner, Christoph A.
2010. A Multi-perspective Genre Analysis of the Barrister’s Opinion: Writing Context, Generic Structure, and Textualization. Written Communication 27:4  pp. 410 ff. Crossref logo
Hafner, Christoph A.
2014. Embedding Digital Literacies in English Language Teaching: Students' Digital Video Projects as Multimodal Ensembles. TESOL Quarterly 48:4  pp. 655 ff. Crossref logo
Hahn, Udo & Christine Engelmann
2014.  In PRICAI 2014: Trends in Artificial Intelligence [Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 8862],  pp. 654 ff. Crossref logo
Hartley, James, Alan Branthwaite, Frank Ganier & Laurent Heurley
2007. Lost in translation: contributions of editors to the meanings of text. Journal of Information Science 33:5  pp. 551 ff. Crossref logo
Harwood, Nigel
2005. ‘We Do Not Seem to Have a Theory … The Theory I Present Here Attempts to Fill This Gap’: Inclusive and Exclusive Pronouns in Academic Writing. Applied Linguistics 26:3  pp. 343 ff. Crossref logo
Hashemi, Mohammad R. & Iman Gohari Moghaddam
2019. A Mixed Methods Genre Analysis of the Discussion Section of MMR Articles in Applied Linguistics. Journal of Mixed Methods Research 13:2  pp. 242 ff. Crossref logo
He, Yuyin & Han Wang
2013.  In Chinese Lexical Semantics [Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 7717],  pp. 199 ff. Crossref logo
Herman, Thierry
2015. Gérer la modalité épistémique et le hedging : analyse comparée d’examens écrits en Lettres et en Sciences humaines. Linx :72  pp. 151 ff. Crossref logo
Hernandez-Alvarez, Myriam & Jose M. Gomez
2015.  In 2015 IEEE 18th International Conference on Computational Science and Engineering,  pp. 307 ff. Crossref logo
HERNÁNDEZ-ALVAREZ, MYRIAM & JOSÉ M. GOMEZ
2016. Survey about citation context analysis: Tasks, techniques, and resources. Natural Language Engineering 22:3  pp. 327 ff. Crossref logo
HERNÁNDEZ-ALVAREZ, MYRIAM, JOSÉ M. GOMEZ SORIANO & PATRICIO MARTÍNEZ-BARCO
2017. Citation function, polarity and influence classification. Natural Language Engineering 23:4  pp. 561 ff. Crossref logo
Hidalgo-Downing, Laura
2017.  In Evidentiality Revisited [Pragmatics & Beyond New Series, 271],  pp. 225 ff. Crossref logo
Hobbs, Pamela
2003. The Use of Evidentiality in Physicians’ Progress Notes. Discourse Studies 5:4  pp. 451 ff. Crossref logo
Hryniuk, Katarzyna
2018. Expert-Like Use of Hedges and Boosters in Research Articles Written by Polish and English Native-Speaker Writers. Research in Language 16:3  pp. 263 ff. Crossref logo
Huan, Changpeng
2018.  In Journalistic Stance in Chinese and Australian Hard News,  pp. 9 ff. Crossref logo
Huschová, Petra
2015. EXPLORING MODAL VERBS CONVEYING POSSIBILITY IN ACADEMIC DISCOURSE. Discourse and Interaction 8:2  pp. 35 ff. Crossref logo
Hyland, Ken
2000. “It might be suggested that...”. Australian Review of Applied Linguistics. Series S 16  pp. 83 ff. Crossref logo
HYLAND, KEN
2001. Bringing in the Reader. Written Communication 18:4  pp. 549 ff. Crossref logo
Hyland, Ken
2003.  In Second Language Writing, Crossref logo
Hyland, Ken
2005. Stance and engagement: a model of interaction in academic discourse. Discourse Studies 7:2  pp. 173 ff. Crossref logo
Hyland, Ken
2014.  In Dialogicity in Written Specialised Genres [Dialogue Studies, 23],  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Hyland, Ken
2016.  In Becoming and Being an Applied Linguist,  pp. 155 ff. Crossref logo
Hyland, Ken & Giuliana Diani
2009.  In Academic Evaluation,  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Hyland, Ken & Feng (Kevin) Jiang
2016. Change of Attitude? A Diachronic Study of Stance. Written Communication 33:3  pp. 251 ff. Crossref logo
Hyland, Ken & Françoise Salager-Meyer
2009. Scientific writing. Annual Review of Information Science and Technology 42:1  pp. 297 ff. Crossref logo
Işık-Taş, Elvan Eda
2020.  In English for Specific Purposes Instruction and Research,  pp. 177 ff. Crossref logo
Jafarigohar, Manoochehr & Amirali Mohammadkhani
2015. Reporting Verbs in Applied Linguistics Research Articles by Native and Non-native Writers. Theory and Practice in Language Studies 5:12  pp. 2490 ff. Crossref logo
Jalilifar, A. R. & Z. G. Shooshtari
2011. Metadiscourse Awareness and ESAP Comprehension. Journal of College Reading and Learning 41:2  pp. 53 ff. Crossref logo
Janich, Nina & Nina Kalwa
2018.  In Handbuch Pragmatik,  pp. 413 ff. Crossref logo
Jaworska, Sylvia
2015. Review of recent research (1998–2012) in German for Academic Purposes (GAP) in comparison with English for Academic Purposes (EAP): cross-influences, synergies and implications for further research. Language Teaching 48:2  pp. 163 ff. Crossref logo
Jian Tao & Dawang Huang
2010.  In 2010 IEEE International Conference on Progress in Informatics and Computing,  pp. 290 ff. Crossref logo
Johansen, Stine Hulleberg
2020. “I guess anyone would do that wouldn’t they?”. Languages in Contrast Crossref logo
Johns, Ann M.
2008. Genre awareness for the novice academic student: An ongoing quest. Language Teaching 41:2  pp. 237 ff. Crossref logo
Juknevičienė, Rita & Łukasz Grabowski
2018. Comparing Formulaicity of Learner Writing through Phrase-Frames: A Corpus-Driven Study of Lithuanian and Polish EFL Student Writing. Research in Language 16:3  pp. 303 ff. Crossref logo
Kang, Hui & Jiajin Xu
2020. A Multifactorial Analysis of Concessive Clause Positioning. Journal of Quantitative Linguistics  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Kaplan, Robert B & William Grabe
2002. A modern history of written discourse analysis. Journal of Second Language Writing 11:3  pp. 191 ff. Crossref logo
Keserlioglu, Kerem, Halil Kilicoglu & Gerben ter Riet
2019. Impact of peer review on discussion of study limitations and strength of claims in randomized trial reports: a before and after study. Research Integrity and Peer Review 4:1 Crossref logo
Kewell, Beth
2013. Depicting the Uncertainties of Stem Cell Science. Science, Technology, & Human Values 38:5  pp. 599 ff. Crossref logo
Khedri, Mohsen & Konstantinos Kritsis
2020. How do we make ourselves heard in the writing of a research article? A study of authorial references in four disciplines. Australian Journal of Linguistics 40:2  pp. 194 ff. Crossref logo
Kilicoglu, Halil & Sabine Bergler
2008. Recognizing speculative language in biomedical research articles: a linguistically motivated perspective. BMC Bioinformatics 9:S11 Crossref logo
Kilicoglu, Halil, Graciela Rosemblat, Thomas C. Rindflesch & Vladimir Brusic
2017. Assigning factuality values to semantic relations extracted from biomedical research literature. PLOS ONE 12:7  pp. e0179926 ff. Crossref logo
Koteyko, Irina
2015. The Language of Press Advertising in the UK. Journal of English Linguistics 43:4  pp. 259 ff. Crossref logo
Kotwica, Dorota
2018.  In Perspectives on Evidentiality in Spanish [Pragmatics & Beyond New Series, 290],  pp. 49 ff. Crossref logo
Kozubíková Šandová, Jana
2017. “…and our study might therefore have been slightly underpowered”: A Cross-Linguistic Analysis of Hedging in English and Czech Medical Research Articles. AUC PHILOLOGICA 2017:1  pp. 115 ff. Crossref logo
Kozáčiková, Zuzana
2015. TO-INFINITIVE CLAUSES IN ACADEMIC DISCOURSE – NATIVE AND NON-NATIVE WRITERS COMPARED. Discourse and Interaction 8:1  pp. 53 ff. Crossref logo
Kruse, Otto
2013. Perspectivas sobre la escritura académica en la educación superior europea: Géneros, prácticas y competencias. REDU. Revista de Docencia Universitaria 11:1  pp. 37 ff. Crossref logo
Kruse, Otto
2016.  In Wissenschaftliches Schreiben in Natur- und Technikwissenschaften,  pp. 29 ff. Crossref logo
Lampert, Gunther
2020.  In Re-Assessing Modalising Expressions [Studies in Language Companion Series, 216],  pp. 109 ff. Crossref logo
Lastres-López, Cristina
2019.  In Corpus-based Research on Variation in English Legal Discourse [Studies in Corpus Linguistics, 91],  pp. 51 ff. Crossref logo
Lin, Chia-Yen
2015. An exploratory comparison of the use of modifiers by native speakers of English and Mandarin Chinese in academic lectures. Text & Talk 35:1 Crossref logo
Lin, Wan-Hua
2019.  In Chinese for Specific and Professional Purposes [Chinese Language Learning Sciences, ],  pp. 213 ff. Crossref logo
Liu, Xiaozhong & Jian Qin
2014. An interactive metadata model for structural, descriptive, and referential representation of scholarly output. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology 65:5  pp. 964 ff. Crossref logo
Livnat, Zohar
2006. Rhétorique de l’objectivité et présence de l’auteur dans l’écriture en sciences sociales. Questions de communication :9  pp. 95 ff. Crossref logo
Livnat, Zohar
2009. The Concept of Scientific Fact: Perelman and Beyond. Argumentation 23:3  pp. 375 ff. Crossref logo
Livnat, Zohar
2010. Impersonality and Grammatical Metaphors in Scientific Discourse. Lidil :41  pp. 103 ff. Crossref logo
Livnat, Zohar
2014. Negotiating scientific ethos in academic controversy. Journal of Argumentation in Context 3:2  pp. 126 ff. Crossref logo
Lorés-Sanz, Rosa & Isabel Herrando-Rodrigo
2020. New concepts, different approaches: tackling e-visibility in research project websites. Revista de Lingüística y Lenguas Aplicadas 15:1  pp. 83 ff. Crossref logo
Lu, Xiaofei, Olesya Kisselev, Jungwan Yoon & Michael D. Amory
2018. Investigating effects of criterial consistency, the diversity dimension, and threshold variation in formulaic language research. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 23:2  pp. 158 ff. Crossref logo
Malmström, Hans
2015. Preaching in uncertain terms. Functions of Language 22:3  pp. 332 ff. Crossref logo
Malmström, Hans
2016. Engaging the Congregation: The Place of Metadiscourse in Contemporary Preaching. Applied Linguistics 37:4  pp. 561 ff. Crossref logo
Malášková, Martina
2012. Hedges as writer protective devices in applied linguistics and literary criticism research articles. Discourse and Interaction 5:1  pp. 31 ff. Crossref logo
Manan, Nor Azma & Noorizah Mohd Noor
2014. Analysis of Reporting Verbs in Master's Theses. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 134  pp. 140 ff. Crossref logo
Martínez Caro, Elena
2014.  In Evaluation in Context [Pragmatics & Beyond New Series, 242],  pp. 321 ff. Crossref logo
McFeetors, P. Janelle
2012. Enhancing Students' Mathematical Learning Through Focused Teacher Growth: A Review of of Promoting Purposeful Discourse…. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education 43:5  pp. 651 ff. Crossref logo
Medimorec, Srdan & Gordon Pennycook
2015. The language of denial: text analysis reveals differences in language use between climate change proponents and skeptics. Climatic Change 133:4  pp. 597 ff. Crossref logo
Mele-Marrero, Margarita & Francisco Alonso-Almeida
2011. The Role of the Pronounsheandshein Seventeenth-Century Obstetric Directives*. Studia Neophilologica 83:2  pp. 169 ff. Crossref logo
Mendiluce-Cabrera, Gustavo & Montserrat Bermúdez-Bausela
2006. Sci-Tech Communication: Is There a Process of Internationalization in English and Spanish?. Meta 51:3  pp. 445 ff. Crossref logo
Mensah, Humphrey, Lu Xiao & Sucheta Soundarajan
2019.  In Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Social Media and Society,  pp. 102 ff. Crossref logo
Mercer, Robert E., Chrysanne Di Marco & Frederick W. Kroon
2004.  In Advances in Artificial Intelligence [Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 3060],  pp. 75 ff. Crossref logo
Mihatsch, Wiltrud
2012.  In The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics, Crossref logo
Mikolaichik, Margarita Vladimirovna
2019. LEXICAL HEDGES IN THE BRITISH AND AMERICAN VARIETIES OF ACADEMIC DISCOURSE IN ECONOMICS: A CORPUS-BASED STUDY. Philological Sciences. Issues of Theory and Practice :3  pp. 63 ff. Crossref logo
Mitra, Tanushree, Graham P. Wright & Eric Gilbert
2017.  In Proceedings of the 2017 ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing,  pp. 126 ff. Crossref logo
Mohd Noor, Maizura, Jean Mulder & Celia Thompson
2014.  In Occupying Niches: Interculturality, Cross-culturality and Aculturality in Academic Research [Second Language Learning and Teaching, ],  pp. 65 ff. Crossref logo
MOLLE, DANIELLA & PAUL PRIOR
2008. Multimodal Genre Systems in EAP Writing Pedagogy: Reflecting on a Needs Analysis. TESOL Quarterly 42:4  pp. 541 ff. Crossref logo
Monaco, Leida Maria
2016. Was late Modern English scientific writing impersonal?. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 21:4  pp. 499 ff. Crossref logo
Monaco, Leida Maria
2019.  In Writing History in Late Modern English,  pp. 84 ff. Crossref logo
Morante, Roser & Caroline Sporleder
2012. Modality and Negation: An Introduction to the Special Issue. Computational Linguistics 38:2  pp. 223 ff. Crossref logo
Myers, Greg
2004.  In Matters of Opinion, Crossref logo
Ehsan Namaziandost & Sajad Shafiee
2018. Gender Differences in the Use of Lexical Hedges in Academic Spoken Language among Iranian EFL Learners: A Comparative Study. International Journal of Research in English Education 3:4  pp. 63 ff. Crossref logo
Nasiri, Sina
2012. Exploring the significant role of meta-discourse in academic writing for a discourse community by academic members. International Journal of Research Studies in Education 2:1 Crossref logo
Ndzabandzaba, Coli
2018.  In Handbook of the Changing World Language Map,  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Ndzabandzaba, Coli
2020.  In Handbook of the Changing World Language Map,  pp. 3349 ff. Crossref logo
NKEMLEKE, DANIEL
2010. Cameroonian and foreign scholars’ discourse: the rhetoric of conference abstracts. World Englishes 29:2  pp. 173 ff. Crossref logo
Nkemleke, Daniel
2014. Researching the research article in Cameroon English. Brno Studies in English 40:1  pp. 175 ff. Crossref logo
Oliver del Olmo, Sonia
2014.  In Communicating Certainty and Uncertainty in Medical, Supportive and Scientific Contexts [Dialogue Studies, 25],  pp. 273 ff. Crossref logo
Omero, Paolo, Massimiliano Valotto, Riccardo Bellana, Ramona Bongelli, Ilaria Riccioni, Andrzej Zuczkowski & Carlo Tasso
2020. Writer’s uncertainty identification in scientific biomedical articles: a tool for automatic if-clause tagging. Language Resources and Evaluation 54:4  pp. 1161 ff. Crossref logo
Orr, T.
2003. Introduction to the special issue [English language training for nonnative speakers of English in science or engineering]. IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication 46:3  pp. 153 ff. Crossref logo
Orr, T. & A. Takahashi
2002.  In Proceedings. IEEE International Professional Communication Conference,  pp. 403 ff. Crossref logo
Ozonoff, David M. & Philippe Grandjean
2020. What is useful research? The good, the bad, and the stable. Environmental Health 19:1 Crossref logo
Parvaresh, Vahid
2018. ‘We Are Going to Do a Lot of Things for College Tuition’: Vague Language in the 2016 U.S. Presidential Debates. Corpus Pragmatics 2:2  pp. 167 ff. Crossref logo
Pimm, David
2009. Method, certainty and trust across disciplinary boundaries. ZDM 41:1-2  pp. 155 ff. Crossref logo
Pinto, Alexandra Guedes, Henrique Lopes Cardoso, Isabel Margarida Duarte, Catarina Vaz Warrot & Rui Sousa-Silva
2020.  In Intelligent Data Engineering and Automated Learning – IDEAL 2020 [Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 12490],  pp. 402 ff. Crossref logo
Plappert, Garry
2017. Candidate Knowledge? Exploring epistemic claims in scientific writing: a corpus-driven approach. Corpora 12:3  pp. 425 ff. Crossref logo
Plastina, Anna Franca & Fabrizia Del Vecchio
2014.  In Communicating Certainty and Uncertainty in Medical, Supportive and Scientific Contexts [Dialogue Studies, 25],  pp. 183 ff. Crossref logo
Ponterotto, Diane
2014. The risks of uncertainty. Language and Dialogue 4:1  pp. 93 ff. Crossref logo
Ponterotto, Diane
2018. Hedging in political interviewing. Pragmatics and Society 9:2  pp. 175 ff. Crossref logo
Puente-Castelo, Luis
2019.  In Writing History in Late Modern English,  pp. 130 ff. Crossref logo
Pérez-Sabater, Carmen, Begoña Montero-Fleta & Ma Luisa Pérez-Sabater
2014. Researching Powerful and Powerless Styles: Professional Mock Interviews in an English Course. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 116  pp. 2402 ff. Crossref logo
Read, Jonathon & John Carroll
2012. Annotating expressions of Appraisal in English. Language Resources and Evaluation 46:3  pp. 421 ff. Crossref logo
Rein, Kellyn
2019.  In Information Quality in Information Fusion and Decision Making [Information Fusion and Data Science, ],  pp. 155 ff. Crossref logo
Resche, Catherine
2004. Investigating ‘Greenspanese’: From Hedging to ‘Fuzzy Transparency’. Discourse & Society 15:6  pp. 723 ff. Crossref logo
Rezanejad, Atefeh, Zahra Lari & Zahra Mosalli
2015. A Cross-cultural Analysis of the Use of Hedging Devices in Scientific Research Articles. Journal of Language Teaching and Research 6:6  pp. 1384 ff. Crossref logo
Rizomilioti, Vassiliki
2006.  In Information Technology in Languages for Specific Purposes [Educational Linguistics, 7],  pp. 53 ff. Crossref logo
Roland, Marie‐Claude
2007.  Publish and perish . EMBO reports 8:5  pp. 424 ff. Crossref logo
Rowley-Jolivet, Elizabeth & Shirley Carter-Thomas
2005. The rhetoric of conference presentation introductions: context, argument and interaction. International Journal of Applied Linguistics 15:1  pp. 45 ff. Crossref logo
Rowley-Jolivet, Elizabeth & Shirley Carter-Thomas
2008. When practice belies ‘theory’: Form, function and frequency of if-conditionals in specialised discourse. ASp :53-54  pp. 39 ff. Crossref logo
Rubin, Victoria L., Elizabeth D. Liddy & Noriko Kando
2006.  In Computing Attitude and Affect in Text: Theory and Applications [The Information Retrieval Series, 20],  pp. 61 ff. Crossref logo
Ruzaitė, Jūratė
2007. Vague References to Quantities as a Face-Saving Strategy in Teacher-Student Interaction. Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 3:-1 Crossref logo
Römer, Ute
2017. Language assessment and the inseparability of lexis and grammar: Focus on the construct of speaking. Language Testing 34:4  pp. 477 ff. Crossref logo
Sabet, Peyman G.P. & Grace Q. Zhang
2018. The Pragmatic Functions of ‘I Don't Think’ and ‘I Think + Not’. Australian Journal of Linguistics 38:3  pp. 421 ff. Crossref logo
Salager-Meyer, Françoise
1998. Le discours aigre-doux de la controverse scientifique : évolution de la rhétorique des confrontations académiques. ASp :19-22  pp. 29 ff. Crossref logo
Samaie, Mahmoud, Fereshteh Khosravian & Mahnaz Boghayeri
2014. The Frequency and Types of Hedges in Research Article Introductions by Persian and English Native Authors. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 98  pp. 1678 ff. Crossref logo
Sawaki, Tomoko
2020. Interacting voices structure a text. Functions of Language 27:2  pp. 174 ff. Crossref logo
Scarpa, Federica
2020.  In Research and Professional Practice in Specialised Translation,  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Kate Scott, Billy Clark & Robyn Carston
2019.  In Relevance, Pragmatics and Interpretation, Crossref logo
Siew Mei, Wu
2013. Certainty Judgements and the Status of Propositions in Undergraduate Essays. RELC Journal 44:3  pp. 279 ff. Crossref logo
Simpson-Vlach, Rita & Nick C. Ellis
2010. An Academic Formulas List: New Methods in Phraseology Research. Applied Linguistics 31:4  pp. 487 ff. Crossref logo
Skelton, John
2012.  In The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics, Crossref logo
Small, Henry
2011. Interpreting maps of science using citation context sentiments: a preliminary investigation. Scientometrics 87:2  pp. 373 ff. Crossref logo
Solbjørg, Aud
2005. Competing roles: student teachers using asynchronous forums. International Journal of Applied Linguistics 15:3  pp. 346 ff. Crossref logo
Soler-Monreal, Carmen & Luz Gil-Salom
2014.  In Dialogicity in Written Specialised Genres [Dialogue Studies, 23],  pp. 23 ff. Crossref logo
SOLIN, ANNA
2004. Intertextuality as mediation: On the analysis of intertextual relations in public discourse. Text - Interdisciplinary Journal for the Study of Discourse 24:2 Crossref logo
Sorensen, R.
2006. Sharp Edges from Hedges: Fatalism, Vagueness and Epistemic Possibility. Philosophical Studies 131:3  pp. 607 ff. Crossref logo
Stajner, Sanja, Goran Glavas, Simone Paolo Ponzetto & Heiner Stuckenschmidt
2017.  In 2017 IEEE 11th International Conference on Semantic Computing (ICSC),  pp. 164 ff. Crossref logo
Staples, Shelley
2017. Review: Aull (2015) First Year University Writing: A Corpus-based Study with Implications for Pedagogy. Corpora 12:3  pp. 517 ff. Crossref logo
Starfield, Sue
2007.  In International Handbook of English Language Teaching,  pp. 875 ff. Crossref logo
Steffens, Brent, M. Anne Britt, Jason L. Braasch, Helge Strømsø & Ivar Bråten
2014. Memory for Scientific Arguments and Their Sources: Claim–Evidence Consistency Matters. Discourse Processes 51:1-2  pp. 117 ff. Crossref logo
Stoller, Fredricka L. & Marin S. Robinson
2014.  In Language, Literacy, and Learning in STEM Education [Language Studies, Science and Engineering, 1],  pp. 11 ff. Crossref logo
Suau-Jiménez, Francisca
2014.  In Dialogicity in Written Specialised Genres [Dialogue Studies, 23],  pp. 137 ff. Crossref logo
Suau-Jiménez, Francisca & Laura Ramírez-Polo
2016.  In Technology Implementation in Second Language Teaching and Translation Studies [New Frontiers in Translation Studies, ],  pp. 229 ff. Crossref logo
Szczygłowska, Tatiana
2020. Creating the Authorial Self in Academic Texts: Evidence From the Expert’s Style of Writing. English Studies at NBU 6:1  pp. 69 ff. Crossref logo
Szczyrbak, Magdalena
2014.  In Language Use and Linguistic Structure,  pp. 255 ff. Crossref logo
Szymańska, Jolanta
2013.  In Language in Cognition and Affect [Second Language Learning and Teaching, ],  pp. 3 ff. Crossref logo
Tan, Chenhao, Vlad Niculae, Cristian Danescu-Niculescu-Mizil & Lillian Lee
2016.  In Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on World Wide Web - WWW '16,  pp. 613 ff. Crossref logo
ter Riet, Gerben, Paula Chesley, Alan G. Gross, Lara Siebeling, Patrick Muggensturm, Nadine Heller, Martin Umbehr, Daniela Vollenweider, Tsung Yu, Elie A. Akl, Lizzy Brewster, Olaf M. Dekkers, Ingrid Mühlhauser, Bernd Richter, Sonal Singh, Steven Goodman, Milo A. Puhan & Christos A. Ouzounis
2013. All That Glitters Isn't Gold: A Survey on Acknowledgment of Limitations in Biomedical Studies. PLoS ONE 8:11  pp. e73623 ff. Crossref logo
Theil, Christoph Kilian, Sanja Štajner, Heiner Stuckenschmidt & Simone Paolo Ponzetto
2018.  In Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text Processing [Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 10762],  pp. 642 ff. Crossref logo
Toska, Bledar
2015.  In Persuasive Games in Political and Professional Dialogue [Dialogue Studies, 26],  pp. 55 ff. Crossref logo
Tseronis, Assimakis
2011. Use and abuse of the strategic function of in fact and frankly when qualifying a standpoint. Pragmatics. Quarterly Publication of the International Pragmatics Association (IPrA) 21:3  pp. 473 ff. Crossref logo
Tutin, Agnès
2015. Surprise routines in scientific writing. Review of Cognitive Linguistics 13:2  pp. 415 ff. Crossref logo
Tyrkkö, Jukka
2014.  In Diachronic Corpus Pragmatics [Pragmatics & Beyond New Series, 243],  pp. 157 ff. Crossref logo
Uysal, Hacer Hande
2014.  In Occupying Niches: Interculturality, Cross-culturality and Aculturality in Academic Research [Second Language Learning and Teaching, ],  pp. 179 ff. Crossref logo
van Lacum, Edwin, Marcel Koeneman, Miriam Ossevoort & Martin Goedhart
2016.  In Insights from Research in Science Teaching and Learning [Contributions from Science Education Research, 2],  pp. 169 ff. Crossref logo
van Lacum, Edwin, Miriam Ossevoort, Hendrik Buikema & Martin Goedhart
2012. First Experiences with Reading Primary Literature by Undergraduate Life Science Students. International Journal of Science Education 34:12  pp. 1795 ff. Crossref logo
Venclová, Natalie
2007. Communication within archaeology: Do we understand each other?. European Journal of Archaeology 10:2-3  pp. 207 ff. Crossref logo
Verbeke, Mathias, Paolo Frasconi, Vincent Van Asch, Roser Morante, Walter Daelemans & Luc De Raedt
2012.  In Inductive Logic Programming [Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 7207],  pp. 347 ff. Crossref logo
Vogel, Carl & Liliana Mamani Sanchez
2012.  In 2012 IEEE 3rd International Conference on Cognitive Infocommunications (CogInfoCom),  pp. 517 ff. Crossref logo
Vold, Eva Thue
2006. Epistemic modality markers in research articles: a cross-linguistic and cross-disciplinary study. International Journal of Applied Linguistics 16:1  pp. 61 ff. Crossref logo
Walker, Kenny & Lynda Walsh
2012. “No One Yet Knows What the Ultimate Consequences May Be”. Journal of Business and Technical Communication 26:1  pp. 3 ff. Crossref logo
Walsh, Lynda & Kenneth C. Walker
2016. Perspectives on Uncertainty for Technical Communication Scholars. Technical Communication Quarterly 25:2  pp. 71 ff. Crossref logo
Wiraszka, Łukasz
2020. Viewpoint in Translation of Academic Writing: An Illustrative Case Study. Między Oryginałem a Przekładem 26:47  pp. 111 ff. Crossref logo
Wulff, Stefanie & Ute Römer
2009. Becoming a proficient academic writer: shifting lexical preferences in the use of the progressive. Corpora 4:2  pp. 115 ff. Crossref logo
Yang, Hui, Anne De Roeck, Vincenzo Gervasi, Alistair Willis & Bashar Nuseibeh
2012.  In 2012 20th IEEE International Requirements Engineering Conference (RE),  pp. 11 ff. Crossref logo
Yang, Wenhui
2020.  In A Cross-Cultural Study of Commercial Media Discourses,  pp. 9 ff. Crossref logo
Yoon, Hyung-Jo & Ute Römer
2020. Quantifying Disciplinary Voices: An Automated Approach to Interactional Metadiscourse in Successful Student Writing. Written Communication 37:2  pp. 208 ff. Crossref logo
Zainuddin, Siti Zaidah, Alexander Charles Damiano-Nittoli & Azlin Zaiti Zainal
2019. Hedging Functions in Malaysian Doctoral Candidature Defense Sessions. SAGE Open 9:4  pp. 215824401989427 ff. Crossref logo
Zare, Javad & Mansoor Tavakoli
2017. The Use of Personal Metadiscourse over Monologic and Dialogic Modes of Academic Speech. Discourse Processes 54:2  pp. 163 ff. Crossref logo
Zhang, Grace
2016. How elastic a little can be and how much a little can do in Chinese. Chinese Language and Discourse. An International and Interdisciplinary Journal 7:1  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Zhang, Grace
2019. The pragmatic use of ‘sort of’ in TV forums. Journal of Asian Pacific Communication 29:1  pp. 62 ff. Crossref logo
Zhang, Grace & Vahid Parvaresh
2019.  In Elastic Language in Persuasion and Comforting,  pp. 1 ff. Crossref logo
Zhang, Grace & Vahid Parvaresh
2019.  In Elastic Language in Persuasion and Comforting,  pp. 11 ff. Crossref logo
Zhang, Grace & Vahid Parvaresh
2019.  In Elastic Language in Persuasion and Comforting,  pp. 83 ff. Crossref logo
Zhang, Grace & Ming-Yu Tseng
2020. Attitudes towards elastic language in Australian online healthcare information. Internet Pragmatics 3:1  pp. 34 ff. Crossref logo
Zhang, Grace Q. & Peyman G. P. Sabet
2016. Elastic ‘I think’: Stretching Over L1 and L2. Applied Linguistics 37:3  pp. 334 ff. Crossref logo
Zhao, Cecilia Guanfang
2013. Measuring authorial voice strength in L2 argumentative writing: The development and validation of an analytic rubric. Language Testing 30:2  pp. 201 ff. Crossref logo
Zou, Hang & Ken Hyland
2019. Reworking research: Interactions in academic articles and blogs. Discourse Studies 21:6  pp. 713 ff. Crossref logo
Zuczkowski, Andrzej, Ramona Bongelli, Ilaria Riccioni, Massimiliano Valotto & Roberto Burro
2016.  In Yearbook of Corpus Linguistics and Pragmatics 2016 [Yearbook of Corpus Linguistics and Pragmatics, ],  pp. 203 ff. Crossref logo
Álvarez Gil, Francisco J.
2018. Epistemic modals in early Modern English history texts. Analysis of gender variation. Revista de Lingüística y Lenguas Aplicadas 13:1  pp. 13 ff. Crossref logo
Çakır, Hamide
2016. Native and Non-Native Writers’ Use of Stance Adverbs in English Research Article Abstracts. Open Journal of Modern Linguistics 06:02  pp. 85 ff. Crossref logo
Łyda, Andrzej & Krystyna Warchał
2011.  In Aspects of Culture in Second Language Acquisition and Foreign Language Learning,  pp. 193 ff. Crossref logo
Šinkūnienė, Jolanta
2018.  In Intercultural Perspectives on Research Writing [AILA Applied Linguistics Series, 18],  pp. 59 ff. Crossref logo
刘, 昂
2019. Empirical Study on Hedges in the Abstracts of Articles in Computer Science between China and America. Modern Linguistics 07:06  pp. 983 ff. Crossref logo
宁, 旭芳
2017. Study on the Engagement Resources in Research Article Introductions of Applied Linguistics. Modern Linguistics 05:04  pp. 309 ff. Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 06 november 2020. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.

Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  97053099 | Marc record