To be or not to be your son’s father/mother
A cognitive-pragmatic perspective on terms of address in Najdi and Tunisian Arabic
The current article offers a comparative account of the address system of two dialects of Arabic, Najdi and Tunisian Arabic. Capitalizing on the theory of Idealized Cognitive Model, the article defends the view that the two systems display Idealized models, which are central to the system, and non-Idealized models, which are peripheral to it. Najdi Arabic includes Idealized terms such as first names, teknonyms, and kinship terms while non-Idealized models include a battery of terms of address. Tunisian Arabic Idealized models hinge on Si/Lalla + first names, first names, and kinship terms while non-Idealized models make use of endeared first names, kinship terms, and diminished kinship terms. The two systems are shown to differ at the level of types of encounter (including formality, closeness, and deference), availability of address options, social horizontality-verticality, and use of metaphor and metonymy.
Keywords: Idealized, non-Idealized, teknonym, Si/Lalla+first name, horizontality , verticality , metaphor, metonymy
Available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC) 4.0 license.
Published online: 13 February 2018
Al-Khatib, Mahmoud A.
Bin Towairesh, Abdullah
Bratt Paulston, Christina
Brown, Penelope, and Stephen C. Levinson
Brown, Roger, and Albert Gilman
Clyne, Michael, Heinz-Leo Kretzenbacher, Catrin Norrby, and Doris Schüpbach
El Guindi, Fadwa
El Guindi, Fadwa, and Wesam Al-Othman
Fang, Hanquan, and J. H. Heng
Farghal, Mohammed, and Abdullah Shakir
Fillmore, Charles J.
Fillmore, Charles J., Miriam, R. L. Petruck, Josef Ruppenhofer, and A. Wright
Kasanga, Luanga A.
Marmaridou, Sophia S. A.
Myers Scotton, Carol, and Zhu Wanjin
Pajusalu, Renate, Virve-Anneli Vihman, Birute Klaas, and Karl Pajusalu
Parkinson, Dilworth B.
Potter, Terrence M.
Salami, L. Oladipo
Slobin, Dan I.
Thomas, Jenny A.
Yassin, M. Aziz F.