“I’m really sorry about what I said”
A local grammar of apology
This paper extends the concept of local grammar to speech act studies, focusing specifically on apologising in English. It aims primarily to demonstrate the usefulness of a local grammar approach to account for speech acts and ultimately to contribute to the on-going development of corpus pragmatics. Apology expressions in a corpus of scripted TV conversations are first automatically extracted and then manually examined in order to make sure that all remaining instances have the illocutionary force of apologising and thus qualify for further analysis. The subsequent local grammar analyses facilitate the establishment of a local grammar of apology, comprising 14 local grammar patterns. The analyses show that it is promising to develop a set of local grammars to account more adequately for speech acts in general. The relationship between local grammars, functional grammars, and general grammars is further discussed, which suggests that local grammars can be an alternative approach to functional-pragmatic studies of language and discourse. Directions for future research are outlined; and implications and applications are briefly discussed.
Keywords: local grammar, speech acts, apology, corpus linguistics, corpus pragmatics
Available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC) 4.0 license.
Published online: 27 August 2018
Al-Gahtani, Saad, and Carsten Roever
Baker, Paul, Costas Gabrielatos, Majid KhosraviNik, Michal Krzyzanowski, Tony McEnery, and Ruth Wodak
Barnbrook, Geoff, and John Sinclair
Blum-Kulka, Shoshana, Juliane House, and Gabriele Kasper
Charrow, Veda. R., Jo Ann Crandall, and Robert P. Charrow
Drew, Paul, Alexa Hepburn, Piera Margutti, and Renata Galatolo
Flöck, Ilka, and Ronald Geluykens
Geis, Michael L.
Halliday, Michael A. K.
Halliday, Michael A. K., and Christian Matthiessen
Hunston, Susan, and Gill Francis
Hunston, Susan, and John Sinclair
Hunston, Susan, and Hang Su
Jucker, Andreas, and Irma Taavitsainen
Kilgarriff, Adam, Pavel Rychlý, Pavel Smrz, and David Tugwell
2004 “The Sketch Engine.” In Proceedings of EURALEX 2004, ed. by Geoffrey Williams, and Sandra Vessier, 105–116. Retrieved from: http://euralex.org/publications/the-sketch-engine/.
Kittredge, Richard, and John Lehrberger
Lutzky, Ursula, and Andrew Kehoe
Martin, Jim, and Peter White
McEnery, Tony, and Andrew Hardie
Rey, Jennifer M.
Rühlemann, Christoph, and Karin Aijmer
Searle, John R.
2014 “Searle and Sinclair on Communicative Acts: A Sketch of a Research Problem.” In The Functional Perspectives on Language and Discourse: Applications and Implications, ed. by María de los Ángeles Gómez González, Francisco José Ruiz de Mendoza Ibáñez, Francisco Gonzálvez García, and Angela Downing, 243–260. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Taavitsainen, Irma, and Andreas Jucker
Warren, Martin, and Maggie Leung
Cited by 8 other publications
An, Yi, Hang Su & Mingyou Xiang
Su, Hang & Lei Zhang
Su, Hang, Yuqing Zhang & Xiaofei Lu
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 09 september 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.