This study elaborates the concept of a positionally sensitive grammar with respect to the sequentiality of turns and the turn constructional units in conversation. The linguistic object of the analysis is clausal constructions in Swedish that are initiated by the finite predicate verb: Polar questions, receipt questions (news receipts), conditional protases and pro-drop declaratives. These constructions share potentially the same syntactic surface pattern but are constrained by different sequential conditions of use. The study proposes an integrated interactional linguistic analysis which takes into account both syntactic and sequential aspects of turn construction. A grammatical attribute-value matrix, based on the framework of construction grammar (CxG), is introduced. The analysis shows that regularities of sequential organization may provide robust distinctive constructional features while a pure syntactic analysis remains less distinctive. The decisive constructional features are systematically captured by a notation designed for sequential and syntactic organization.
(1993) Zur Verbspitzenstellung im gesprochenen Deutsch. [On verb initial placement in spoken German]. Deutsche Sprache 21:3: 193-222.
(2005) Projection in interaction and projection in grammar. Text 25.1: 7-36. BoP
(2009) On-line syntax: Thoughts on the temporality of spoken language. Language Sciences 311: 1-13.
Auer, Peter, and Jan Lindström
(2011) Verb-first conditionals in German and Swedish: Convergence in writing, divergence in speaking. In P. Auer, and S. Pfänder (eds.), Constructions: Emerging and emergent. Berlin: Mouton De Gruyter, pp. 218-262.
Auer, Peter, and Susanne Günthner
(2003) Die Entstehung von Diskursmarkern im Deutschen – ein Fall von Grammatikalisierung? [The emergence of discourse markers in German – a case of grammaticalization?] InList – Interaction and Linguistic Structures, No. 38, December 2003. < [URL].
(2012) Left-right asymmetries: The grammar of pro-repeat responses to informings in English conversation. Paper presented in a workshop on Left/Right Asymmetries in Talk. Freiburg: Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies, May16, 2012.
(1946) Elementær dansk Grammatik. [Elementary Danish grammar]. København: Gyldendal.
(1997) Verb-first constructions in German. In M. Verspoor, K.D. Lee, and E. Sweetser (eds.), Lexical and syntactical constructions and the construction of meaning. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 51-68.
Ford, Cecilia E., and Sandra, A. Thompson
(1996) Interactional units in conversation: Syntactic, intonational, and pragmatic resources for the management of turns. In E. Ochs, E.A. Schegloff, and S.A. Thompson (eds.), Interaction and grammar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 134-184.
Fox, Barbara A., and Sandra A. Thompson
(2010) Responses to wh-questions in English conversation. Research on Language and Social Interaction 43.2: 133-156. BoP
(2003) Responsiva konstruktioner i samtalsspråkets grammatik. [Responsive constructions in the grammar of conversational language]. Folkmålsstudier 421: 11-39.
(2005) The written language bias in linguistics. Its nature, origins and transformations. London & New York: Routledge.
Linell, Per, Johan Hofvendahl, and Camilla Lindholm
(2003) Multi-unit question turns in institutional interactions: Sequential organizations and communicative functions. Text 23-4: 539-571.
(2002) V1 declaratives in spoken Swedish. Syntax, information structure, and prosodic pattern. Lund: Lund University.
(2010) Pronominella returfrågor i tre vardagliga svenska samtal. [Pronominal return questions in three everyday conversations]. In C. Lindholm, and J. Lindström (eds.), Språk och interaktion 2. Helsinki: Department of Finnish, Finno-Ugrian and Scandinavian Studies, pp. 29-71.
(2005) Construction discourse: A prolegomenon. In J-O. Östman, and M. Fried (eds.), Construction grammars. Cognitive grounding and theoretical extensions. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pp. 121-144.
(2007) On formalizing ‘context’. Or, why complexity does not equal impossibility. In J. Härmä, E. Havu, M. Helkkula, M. Larjavaara, M. Lehtinen, and U. Tuomarla (eds.), SILF 2005. Actes du XXIXème Colloque International de Linguistique Fonctionnelle. Helsinki: Département des langues romanes de l’Université de Helsinki, pp. 205-212.
(1987) The case of narrative inversion in Swedish and Icelandic. Working Papers in Scandinavian Syntax 311: 9-14.
(2003) Grammar and social organization: Yes/no interrogatives and the structure of responding. American Sociological Review 681: 939-967.
Sacks, Harvey, Emanuel A. Schegloff, and Gail Jefferson
(1974) A simplest systematics for the organization of turn-taking for conversation. Language 501: 696-735. BoP
Schegloff, Emanuel A.
(1996) Turn organization: One intersection of grammar and interaction. In E. Ochs, E.A. Schegloff, and S.A. Thompson (eds.), Interaction and grammar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 52-133. BoP
(1975) Indirect speech acts. In P. Cole, and J.L. Morgan (eds.), Syntax and semantics, 3: Speech Acts. New York: Academic Press, pp. 59-82.
(2001a) Sprog i virkeligheden. Bidrag til en interaktionel lingvistik. [Language in the reality. Contributions to an interactional linguistics]. Aarhus: Aarhus Universitetsforlag.
2023. Conversation analysis and Wittgenstein. Text & Talk 43:4 ► pp. 523 ff.
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