Article published in:
Hate speech: Definitions, interpretations and practices
Edited by Fabienne H. Baider, Sharon Millar and Stavros Assimakopoulos
[Pragmatics and Society 11:2] 2020
► pp. 219240
Anderson, Luvell, and Ernie Lepore
2013 “What did You Call Me? Slurs as Prohibited Words.” Analytic Philosophy 54 (3): 350–363. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bach, Kent
1999 “The Myth of Conventional Implicature.” Linguistics and Philosophy 22 (4): 327–366. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Camp, Elisabeth
2013 “Slurring Perspectives.” Analytic Philosophy 54 (3): 330–349. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2018 “A Dual Act Analysis of Slurs.” Bad Words: Philosophical Perspectives on Slurs, ed. by David Sosa, 29–59. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Cepollaro, Bianca
2015 “In Defence of a Presuppositional Account of Slurs.” Language Sciences 521: 36–45. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Croom, Adam M.
2013 “How to Do Things with Slurs: Studies in the Way of Derogatory Words.” Language & Communication 331: 177–204. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2015a “Slurs, Stereotypes, and In-equality: A Critical Review of ‘How Epithets and Stereotypes are Racially Unequal’.” Language Sciences 521: 139–154. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2015b “The Semantics of Slurs: A Refutation of Coreferentialism.” Ampersand 21: 30–38. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2018 “Asian Slurs and Stereotypes in the USA: A Context-sensitive Account of Derogation and Appropriation.” Pragmatics and Society 91: 495–517. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Culpeper, Jonathan
2011Impoliteness: Using Language to Cause Offence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cupkovic, Gordana
2015 “Diachronic Variations of Slurs and Levels of Derogation: On Some Regional, Ethnic and Racial Slurs in Croatian.” Language Sciences 521: 215–230. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
1994Duden, das große Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Duden, The big Dictionary of the German language]. Mannheim: Duden Publishing.Google Scholar
2004Die deutsche Rechtschreibung. Auf der Grundlage der neuen amtlichen Rechtschreibregeln [German orthography. Based on the new official spelling standards]. Mannheim: Duden Publishing.Google Scholar
Embrick, David G., and Kasey Henricks
2013 “Discursive Colorlines at Work. How Epithets and Stereotypes are Racially Unequal.” Symbolic Interaction 36 (2): 197–215. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Frege, Gottlob
1892 “Über Sinn und Bedeutung” [On sense and reference]. Zeitschrift für Philosophie und philosophische Kritik 1001: 25–50.Google Scholar
Gazdar, Gerald
1979Pragmatics. Implicature, Presupposition, and Logical Form. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Grice, Paul H.
1989 “Logic and Conversation.” Studies in the way of words, ed. by Paul Grice, 22–40. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Gutzmann, Daniel
2013 “Expressives and Beyond: An Introduction to Varieties of Use-conditional Meaning.” Beyond Expressives: Explorations in Use-conditional Meaning, ed. by Daniel Gutzmann, 1–58. Leiden: Brill. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
To appear. “Semantics vs. Pragmatics.” The Companion to Semantics ed. by Lisa Matthewson, Cécile Meier, Hotze Rullmann and Thomas Ede Zimmermann Oxford Wiley
Hedger, Joseph
2012 “The Semantics of Racial Slurs: Using Kaplan’s Framework to Provide a Theory of the Meaning of Derogatory Epithets.” Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations 111: 74–84.Google Scholar
Hom, Christopher
2008 “The Semantics of Racial Epithets.” Journal of Philosophy 105 (8): 416–440. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2010 “Pejoratives.” Philosophy Compass 5 (2): 164–185. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hom, Christopher, and Robert May
2013 “Moral and Semantic Innocence.” Analytic Philosophy 54 (3): 293–313. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hornsby, Jennifer
2001 “Meaning and Uselessness: How to Think about Derogatory Words.” Midwest Studies in Philosophy 25 (1): 128–141. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hughes, Geoffrey
2010Political Correctness: A History of Semantics and Culture. Maldon, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
Jay, Timothy
2000Why we Curse. A Neuro-psycho-social Theory of Speech. Philadelphia: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
2009 “The Utility and Ubiquity of Taboo Words.” Perspectives on Psychological Science 4 (2): 153–161. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jay, Kristin L., and Timothy Jay
2015 “Taboo Word Fluency and Knowledge of Slurs and General Pejoratives: Deconstructing the Poverty-of-vocabulary Myth.” Language Sciences: 1–9.Google Scholar
Jeshion, Robin
2013a “Expressivism and the Offensiveness of Slurs.” Philosophical Perspectives 271: 231–259. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2013b “Slurs and Stereotypes.” Analytic Philosophy 54 (3): 314–329. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2018 “Slurs, Dehumanization, and the Expression of Contempt.” Bad Words: Philosophical Perspectives on Slurs, ed. by David Sosa, 77–107. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Kaplan, David
2004 “The Meaning of Ouch and Oops. Explorations in the Theory of Meaning as Use.” Unpublished manuscript: University of California, Berkeley.Google Scholar
Meibauer, Jörg
2013 “Expressive Compounds in German.” Word Structure 6 (1): 21–42. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mountz, Allison
2009 “The Other.” Key Concepts in Political Geography, ed. by Carolyn Gallaher, 328–338. London: Sage. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Neufeld, Eleonore
2019 “An Essentialist Theory of the Meaning of Slurs.” Philosophers’ Imprint 19 (35): 1–29Google Scholar
Nunberg, Geoffrey
2012Ascent of the A-word: Assholism, the First 60 years. New York: PublicAffairs.Google Scholar
2013 “Slurs aren’t Special.” Unpublished manuscript: University of California, Berkeley.Google Scholar
Potts, Christopher
2005The Logic of Conventional Implicatures. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
2007a “The Expressive Dimension.” Theoretical Linguistics 33 (2): 165–197. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2007b “The Centrality of Expressive Indices. Reply to the Commentaries.” Theoretical Linguistics 33 (2): 255–268. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Recanati, Francois
2008 “Pragmatics and Semantics.” The Handbook of Pragmatics, ed. by Laurence R. Horn, and Gregory Ward, 442–463. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Richard, Mark
2008When Truth Gives Out. Oxford: Oxford University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Saka, Paul
2007 “Hate Speech.” How to Think about Meaning, ed. by Paul Saka, 121–153. Berlin: Springer. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Schlenker, Philippe
2007 “Expressive Presuppositions.” Theoretical Linguistics 33 (2): 237–245. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Sileo, Roberto B.
2018 “The Semantics and Pragmatics of Racial and Ethnic Slurs: Towards a Psychologically Real Contextualist Account.” Cambridge Occasional Papers in Linguistics 111: 86–119.Google Scholar
Smith, Eliot R., and Diane M. Mackie
2010 “Intergroup Emotions.” Handbook of Emotions (3rd edition), ed. by Michael Lewis, Jeannette M. Haviland-Jones, and Lisa Feldman Barrett, 428–439. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Spotorno, Nicola, and Claudia Bianchi
2015 “A Plea for an Experimental Approach on Slurs.” Language Sciences 521: 241–250. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Technau, Björn
2016 “The Meaning and Use of Slurs: An Account Based on Empirical Data.” Pejoration, ed. by Rita Finkbeiner, Jörg Meibauer, and Heike Wiese, 187–218. Amsterdam, Philadelphia: Benjamins.Google Scholar
2018aBeleidigungswörter. Die Semantik und Pragmatik pejorativer Personenbezeichnungen [Slurs. The Semantics and Pragmatics of Offensive Words]. Berlin: de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2018b “Going beyond Hate Speech: The Pragmatics of Ethnic Slur Terms.” Łódź Papers in Pragmatics 14 (1): 25–43. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
2019 “Die expressive Bedeutung von Beleidigungswörtern. Tabubrüche, Sprechereinstellungen, Emotionen [The Expressive Meaning of Slurs. Breach of Taboo, Speaker Attitudes, Emotions].” Expressivität im Deutschen, ed. by Franz d’Avis, and Rita Finkbeiner, 75–107. Berlin: de Gruyter.Google Scholar
Vallée, Richard
2014 “Slurring and Common Knowledge of Ordinary Language.” Journal of Pragmatics 611: 78–90. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Whiting, Daniel
2013 “It’s Not What You Said, It’s the Way You Said It: Slurs and Conventional Implicatures.” Analytic Philosophy 54 (3): 364–377. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Williamson, Timothy
2009 “Reference, Inference, and the Semantics of Pejoratives.” The philosophy of David Kaplan, ed. by Joseph Almog, and Paolo Leonardi, 137–158. New York: Oxford University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar