Constructing L2 phraseological chunks as complex form-meaning mappings
This paper argues that the cognitive usage-based model enhanced by a complexity theory perspective can provide useful insights into L2 learners’ non-target-like use of L2 phraseological chunks. Firstly, L2 chunks are conceptualized here as L2 complex form-meaning mappings subject to developmental schematization and entrenchment, as well as productive cut-and-paste mechanisms. Traces of these mechanisms at community level are interpreted as emergent patterns, a complexity theory concept in line with the cognitive usage-based model. Next, learner expressions for two task-elicited notions (depositing money and donating money) in a community of L2 English learners (N = 167; L1 Dutch) are analyzed for emergent patterns at different levels of schematicity. The findings indicate that L2 phraseological chunks are not constructed from a target-like initial exemplar that becomes entrenched or schematized. The paper concludes that within the cognitive usage-based model this is a major impeding factor in L2 learners’ target-like use of L2 phraseological chunks.
Keywords: cognitive usage-based model, L2 acquisition, phraseological chunks, complexity theory, emergent patterns
- 2.Theoretical framework
- 2.1L2 phraseological chunks from a cognitive usage-based perspective
- 2.2The acquisition of L2 phraseological chunks from a cognitive usage-based perspective
- 2.3L2 phraseological chunks and linguistic productivity from a cognitive usage-based perspective
- 2.4L2 phraseological chunks and emergent patterns of use
- 3.The study
- 3.1Research question
- 3.2Participants and data collection
- 3.3Data analysis
- 3.3.1Extracting learner expressions
- 3.3.2Establishing L2 English reference expressions
- 3.3.3Establishing L1 Dutch reference expressions
- 3.3.4Analysing learner expressions for emergent patterns
- 4.2V PREP chunks
- 4.5Abstract schematic constructions
- 5.1Low occurrence of prototypical exemplars
- 5.2Partial form-meaning mappings
- 5.2.1 depositing money
- 5.2.2 donating money
- 5.3L2-specific productive mechanisms
Published online: 10 January 2020
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