Article published in:Applying Cognitive Linguistics: Figurative language in use, constructions and typology
Edited by Ana M. Piquer-Píriz and Rafael Alejo-González
[Review of Cognitive Linguistics 14:1] 2016
► pp. 105–135
On-line processing of verb-argument constructions
Visual recognition threshold and naming latency
Ellis, O’Donnell, and Römer (2014) used free-association tasks to investigate knowledge of Verb-Argument Constructions (VACs). They demonstrated that English speakers have independent implicit knowledge of (i) verb frequency in the VAC, (ii) VAC-verb contingency, and (iii) verb prototypicality in terms of centrality within the VAC semantic network. They concluded that VAC processing involves rich associations, tuned by verb type and token frequencies and their contingencies of usage, which interface syntax, lexis, and semantics. However, the tasks they used, where respondents had a minute to think of the verbs that fitted in VAC frames like ‘he __ across the….’, ‘it __ of the….’, etc., were quite conscious and explicit. The current experiments therefore investigate the effects of these factors in on-line processing for recognition and naming. Experiment 1 tested the recognition of VAC exemplars from very brief, masked, visual presentations. Recognition threshold was affected by overall verb frequency in the language, by the frequency with which verbs appear in the VAC, and by VAC-verb contingency (ΔPcw). Experiment 2 had participants successively name VAC arguments as quickly as possible: first the VAC and then the preposition. Preposition naming latency was a function of verb frequency in the VAC. We consider the implications for the representation and processing of VACs.
Keywords: Construction Grammar, usage-based acquisition and processing, recognition threshold, naming latency, contingency, on-line processing
Published online: 07 July 2016
Allport, D., & Funnell, E.
Arnon, I., & Snider, N.
(2014) Audacity (Version 2.0.2): http://audacity.sourceforge.net/.
Baayen, R.H., Feldman, L.B., & Schreuder, R.
Balota, D., Cortese, M., Sergent-Marshall, S.D., Spieler, D., & Yap, M.
Balota, D., Ferraro, F., & Connor, L.
Bates, D., Maechler, M., Bolker, B., & Walker, S.
Bencini, G.M.L., & Goldberg, A.
(2007) BNC XML Edition http://www.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/corpus/.
(2001) Sentence memory: Storage vs. computation of frequent sentences. Paper presented at the CUNY-2001, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
(2004–) BYU-BNC: The British National Corpus available online at http://corpus.byu.edu/bnc.
(2008–) The corpus of contemporary American English: 450 million words, 1990–present. Available online at http://corpus.byu.edu/coca/.
de Nooy, W., Mrvar, A., & Batagelj, V.
Dehaene, S., & Changeux, J.P.
Durrant, P., & Doherty, A.
in press). On-line processing of verb-argument constructions: Lexical decision and semantic processing. Language and Cognition.
Ellis, N.C., & Ferreira-Junior, F.
Ellis, N.C., Frey, E., & Jalkanen, I.
Ellis, R., Loewen, S., Erlam, R., Philp, J., & Reinders, H.
Ellis, N.C., & O’Donnell, M.B.
(2011) Robust language acquisition: An emergent consequence of language as a complex adaptive system. In L. Carlson, C. Hölscher, & T. Shipley (Eds.), Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 3512–3517). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.
Ellis, N.C., O’Donnell, M.B., & Römer, U.
Forster, K.I., & Chambers, S.
Francis, G., Hunston, S., & Manning, E.
Goldberg, A.E., & Bencini, G.M.L.
Gries, S.T., & Ellis, N.C.
Gries, S.T., & Wulff, S.
Howes, D.H., & Solomon, R.L.
McDonough, K., & De Vleeschauwer, J.
Meyer, D.E., & Schvaneveldt, R.W.
(2009) WordNet: About us. Retrieved March 1, 2010, from Princeton University http://wordnet.princeton.edu
Miller, G.A., & Selfridge, J.A.
R Development Core Team
Robinson, P., & Ellis, N.C.
Römer, U., O’Donnell, M.B., & Ellis, N.C.
Rosch, E., & Mervis, C.B.
Rosch, E., Mervis, C.B., Gray, W.D., Johnson, D.M., & Boyes-Braem, P.
Seidenberg, M.S., & McClelland, J.L.
Thorndike, E.L., & Lorge, I.
Tremblay, A., Derwing, B., Libben, G., & Westbury, C.
Trousdale, G., & Hoffmann, T.
Cited by 2 other publications
ELLIS, NICK C.
Ellis, Nick C. & Dave C. Ogden
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 19 july 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.