Metonymy in numerals
By adopting a synchronic/diachronic perspective, the study addresses the role of metonymy in the representation of numerical quantity. This can be observed in: (a) the motivation relating individual numeral forms, as well as the internal organization of the whole numeral sequence, to non-numeric entities involved in actual quantifying procedures; (b) the phenomenon by which certain salient numerosities function as reference points (Langacker, 1993) for other numerical representations within the functional/conceptual domain (Barcelona, 2011) of numerical quantity. First, a metonymic interpretation of a small group of numerals from different linguistic areas is proposed. Subsequently, the study focuses on a class of collective numerals in contemporary standard Italian that are derived from cardinals by means of affixation with -ino. The analysis of these word formations is aimed at demonstrating that metonymic mapping is a prerequisite for derivation, and that the mapping is based on privileged conceptual/pragmatic functions within the domain of numerosity.
- 2.Non-numeric/numeric metonymic associations
- 2.1Body parts as sources
- 2.2Other non-numeric sources
3.Numeric-numeric metonymic associations: -ino collective numerals in Italian
- 3.1The semantic contribution of derivational suffix -ino
- 3.2Salient numerosities as reference points
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