Full-text

The effects of proficiency on Spanish L2 learners' strategic communication
References

References

Bialystok, E.
(1990) Communication strategies: A psychological analysis of second-language use. Oxford/Cambridge: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
Bialystok, E., & Fröhlich, M.
(1980) Oral communication strategies for lexical difficulties. Interlanguage Studies Bulletin, 5(1), 3–30.Google Scholar
[ p. 45 ]
Bongaerts, T., & Poulisse, N.
(1989) Communication strategies in LI and L2: Same or different? Applied Linguistics, 10(3), 253–268. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Canale, M., & Swain, M.
(1980) Theoretical bases of communicative approaches to second language teaching and testing. Applied Linguistics, 1(1), 1–47. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ceo-DiFrancesco, D.
(2003) Strategies in the oral production of beginning Spanish learners. Hispania, 86(1), 121–132. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Chen, S. Q.
(1990) A study of communication strategies in interlanguage production by Chinese EFL learners. Language Learning, 40(2), 155–187. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Chuanchaisit, S., & Prapphal, K.
(2009) A study of English communication strategies of Thai university students. Journal of Humanities, 17, 100–126.Google Scholar
DeKeyser, R. M.
(1990) From learning to acquisition?: Monitoring in the classroom and abroad. Hispania, 73(1), 238–247. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Deveau, T. A.
(1998) Error analysis in the interlanguage of beginning Spanish students. Rice University.Google Scholar
Dörnyei, Z., & Körmos, J.
(1998) Problem-solving mechanisms in L2 communication. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 20(3), 349–385. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dörnyei, Z., & Scott, M. L.
(1995) Communication strategies: An empirical analysis with retrospection. Tesol Quarterly, 29(1), 55–85. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1997) Communication strategies in a second language: Definitions and taxonomies. Language Learning, 47(1), 173–210.Google Scholar
Dussias, P. E.
(2003) Cognitive approaches to the study of Spanish second language acquisition. In B. A. Lafford & M. R. Salaberry (Eds.), Studies in Spanish second language acquisition: The state of the science (pp. 233–261). Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press.Google Scholar
Ellis, R.
(2003) Task-based language learning and teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Færch, C., & Kasper, G.
(1983) Strategies in interlanguage communication. London & New York: Longman.Google Scholar
Fernández Dobao, A. M.
(2001) Communication strategies in the interlanguage of Galician students of English: The influence of learner- and task- related factors. Atlantis, 23(1), 41–62.Google Scholar
(2004) The use of communication strategies by Spanish learners of English: A study of the collaborative creation of meaning, language and linguistic knowledge. Ph.D. dissertation. Universidad de Santiago de Compostela.Google Scholar
Fernández Dobao, A. M., & Palacios Martínez, I. M.
(2007) Negotiating meaning in interaction between English and Spanish speakers via communicative strategies. Atlantis, 29(1), 87–105.Google Scholar
García Nuñez, W.
(2006) El uso de las estrategias de comunicación oral y el nivel de dominio del idioma inglés. Perfiles, 27, 97–123.Google Scholar
Gass, S., & Mackey, A.
(2000) Stimulated recall methodology in second language research. New York & London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Guntermann, G.
(1992a) An analysis of interlanguage development over time: Part II, ser and estar . Hispania, 75(5), 1294–1303. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1992b) An analysis of interlanguage development over time: Part I, por and para . Hispania, 75(1), 177–187. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hyde, J.
(1982) The identification of communication strategies in the interlanguage of Spanish learners of English. Anglo American Studies, 2(1), 13–30.Google Scholar
Kaivanpanah, S., Yamouty, P., & Karami, H.
(2012) Examining the effects of proficiency, gender, and task type on the use of communication strategies. Porta Linguarium, 17, 79–93.Google Scholar
[ p. 46 ]
Kellerman, E., Ammerlaan, T., Bongaerts, T., & Poulisse, N.
(1990) System and hierarchy in L2 compensatory strategies. In R. C. Scarcella, E. S. Anderson, & S. D. Krashen (Eds.), Developing communicative competence in a second language (pp. 163–178). Boston, Massachusetts: Heinle & Heinle.Google Scholar
Klippel, F.
(1984) Keep talking. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Labarca, A., & Khanji, R.
(1986) On communication strategies: Focus on interaction. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 8, 68–79. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lafford, B. A.
(2004) The effect of the context of learning on the use of communication strategies by learners of Spanish as a second language. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 26, 201–225. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Littlemore, J.
(2001) An empirical study of the relationship between cognitive style and the use of communication strategy. Applied Linguistics, 22(2), 241–265. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Marsden, E., & David, A.
(2008) Vocabulary use during conversation: a cross-sectional study of development from year 9 to year 13 among learners of Spanish and French. Language Learning, 36(2), 181–198. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mei, A., & Nathalang, S. S.
(2010) Use of communication strategies by Chinese EFL learners. Chinese Journal of Applied Linguistics, 33(3), 110–125.Google Scholar
Nattinger, J., & DeCarrico, J.
(1992) Lexical phrases and language teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
O’Donnell, M.
(2008) UAM corpus tool. Retrieved from http://​www​.wagsoft​.com​/CorpusTool
Oliva, J., Ignacio, S. J., Del Castillo, M. D., & Iglesias, A.
(2010) Cognitive modeling of the acquisition of a highly inflected verbal system. In D. D. Salvucci & G. Gunzelmann (Eds.), 10th international conference on cognitive modeling (pp. 181–186). Philadelphia: Drexel University.Google Scholar
Palmberg, R.
(1983) On the use of lexical avoidance strategies in foreign-language communication. In Psycholinguistics and foreign language conference (pp. 146–154). Stockholm. Retrieved from http://​www​.eric​.ed​.gov
Paribakht, T.
(1984) The relationship between the use of communication strategies and aspects of target language: A study of ESL students. Québec: International Centre for Research on Bilingualism.Google Scholar
Peters, A. M.
(1983) The units of language acquisition. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Poulisse, N.
(1987) Problems and solutions in the classification of compensatory strategies. Second Language Research, 3, 141–153. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1990) Variation in learners’ use of communication strategies. In R. Duda & P. Riley (Eds.), Learning styles: First European seminar (pp. 77–87). Nancy: Universitaires de Nancy.Google Scholar
(1997) Compensatory strategies and the principles of economy and clarity. In G. Kasper & E. Kellerman (Eds.), Communication strategies: Psycholinguistic and sociolinguistic Perspectives (pp. 49–64). London/New York: Longman.Google Scholar
Poulisse, N., & Schils, E.
(1989) The influence of task- and proficiency-related factors on the use of compensatory strategies : A quantitative analysis. Language Learning, 39(1), 15–47. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Prebianca Vieira, G. V.
(2009) Communication strategies and proficiency levels in L2 Speech Production : a systematic relationship. Revista Estudios Linguísitcos, Belo Horizonte, 17(1), 7–50.Google Scholar
Rabab’ah, G., & Bulut, D.
(2007) Compensatory strategies in Arabic as a second language. Poznań Studies in Contemporary Linguistics, 43(2), 83–106.Google Scholar
Rabab’ah, G., & Seedhouse, P.
(2004) Communication strategies and message transmission with Arab learners of English in Jordan. Annual Review of Education, Communication and Language Sciences. Retrieved from http://​research​.ncl​.ac​.uk​/ARECLS​/vol1​_documents​/Ghaleb​&Seedhouse​/Ghaleb​&Seedhouse​.htm
[ p. 47 ]
Ruiz-Debbe, L. D.
(2005) Grammatical development of past tense in learners Spanish as L2: Oral and written productions. In J. Cohen, K. T. McAlister, K. Rolstad, & J. MacSwan (Eds.), 4th international symposium on bilingualism (pp. 2005–2019). Somerville: Cascadilla Press.Google Scholar
Safont Jordá, M. P.
(2001) An analysis on the use and selection of communication strategies by Catalan/Castilian learners of English. Rassegna Italiana di Linguistica Applicata, 1(1), 57–72.Google Scholar
Salaberry, M. R.
(1999) The development of past tense verbal morphology in classroom L2 Spanish. Applied Linguistics, 20(2), 151–178. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Segalowitz, N., & Freed, B. F.
(2004) Context, contact, and cognition in oral fluency acquisition: Learning Spanish in at home and study abroad contexts. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 26, 173–199. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Selinker, L.
(1972) Interlanguage. International Review of Applied Linguistics, 10(3), 209–231.Google Scholar
Tarone, E.
(1977) Conscious communication strategies in interlanguage: A progress report. In H. D. Brown, C. A. Yorio, & R. C. Crymes (Ed.), 11th annual convention of teachers of English to speakers of other languages (pp. 194–203). Washington, D.C.: TESOL.Google Scholar
(1981) Some thoughts on the notion of communication strategy. Tesol, 15(3), 285–295. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tight, D. G.
(2006) The relationship between perceived gender in L1 English and grammatical gender in L2 Spanish. In C. A. Klee & T. L. Face (Eds.), 7th conference on the acquisition of Spanish and Portuguese as first and second languages (pp. 149–160). Somerville: Cascadilla Press.Google Scholar
Uztosun, M., & Erten, I.
(2014) The impact of English proficiency on the use of communication strategies: An interaction-based study in Turkish EFL context. Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 10(2), 169–182.Google Scholar
VanPatten, B.
(1985) The acquisition of ser and estar by adult learners of Spanish: A preliminary investigation of transitional stages of competence. Hispania, 68(2), 399–406. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Váradi, T.
(1973) Strategies of target language communication: Message adjustment. In VIth conference of the Romanian-English linguistics project (pp. 59–72). Timisoara: IRAL.Google Scholar
Wagner, J., & Firth, A.
(1997) Communication strategies at work. In G. Kasper & E. Kellerman (Eds.), Communication strategies: Psycholinguistic and sociolinguistic perspectives (pp. 323–344). London/New York: Longman.Google Scholar
Wannaruk, A.
(2003) Communication strategies employed by EST students. Studies in Language and Language Teaching, 12, 1–18.Google Scholar
Williams, J., Inscoe, R., & Tasker, T.
(1997) Communication strategies in an interactional context: The mutual achievement of comprehension. In G. Kasper & E. Kellerman (Eds.), Communication strategies: Psycholinguistic and sociolinguistic perspectives (pp. 304–322). London/New York: Longman.Google Scholar
Woods, D., & Fassnacht, C.
(2010) Transana. Madison: The board of tegents of the University of Wisconsin system. Retrieved from http://​www​.transana​.org
Yang, D., & Gai, F.
(2010) Chinese learners’ communication strategies research: A case study at Shandong Jiaotong University. Cross-cultural communication, 6(1), 56–81.Google Scholar
Yule, G., & Tarone, E.
(1997) Investigating communication strategies in L2 reference: Pros and cons. In G. Kasper & E. Kellerman (Eds.), Communication strategies: Psycholinguistic and sociolinguistic perspectives (pp. 17–30). London/New York: Longman.Google Scholar