Article published in:Romance Linguistics 2012: Selected papers from the 42nd Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages (LSRL), Cedar City, Utah, 20-22 April 2012
Edited by Jason Smith and Tabea Ihsane
[Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory 7] 2015
► pp. 147–170
On the Old French subjunctive
This chapter focuses on the syntax of the subjunctive in Old French (OF), comparing it to Modern French (MF). In MF, obviation effects occur between the subject of a volitional complement and the subject the embedded clause (Ruwet 1984): (1) *Je veux que je parte. *I want-1sg that I leave-1sg-subj ‘I want to leave.’ (2) Je veux partir. I want-1sg to.leave.’ Arteaga (1990) first discussed in a theoretical model the fact that Old French lacked obviation effects: (3) En talent oti qu’ili colpast lej chiefj in desire-m-sg-obl had-3sg that he cut-subj the head ‘Hei desired to cut off hisj head. In (3), the subjects of the main and subordinate clause are coreferential. It will be claimed (contra Arteaga 1990 and Martineau 1994) that obviation in OF, and its evolution into MF, can be explained, if we assume the following: The complementizer que was not required to introduce the subjunctive in OF; Complementizer Deletion triggers V2 word order in subjunctive contexts; and the uninterpretable irrealis feature of CForce is valued by that of Mood via Agree (San Martín 2007), which extends the binding domain for the subordinate clause.
Published online: 28 August 2015
Cited by other publications
Arteaga, Deborah L.
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 26 october 2020. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.
Old French texts consulted
Alexiadou, Artemis & Elena Anagnostopoulou
Arteaga, Deborah & Julia Herschensohn
Boase-Beier, Jean & Ken Lodge
Bybee, Joan, Revere Perkins & William Pagliuca
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Graeme-Ritchie, Robert Lindsay
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. 1891. Über den syntactischen Gebrauch des Conjunctivs in den Chansons de Geste. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Giessen.
1990 “Times as Temporal-argument Structure”. Paper presented at the conference Time in Language , MIT.