The aim of this investigation was to examine the pragmatic development of 20 students during a short-term study abroad program in Spain. Request strategies were assessed with a written request production questionnaire. A language contact profile (LCP) was used to measure the relationship between pragmatic performance ratings and target language contact. Pretest and posttest mean scores on the request production questionnaire indicated that the students improved their request performance as rated by two native speakers. In looking at the specific request strategies used on the pretest and posttest vignettes, it is clear, however, that the students improved some aspects of their request production while other aspects remained unchanged. Further, LCP scores indicated that the students had little contact with native speakers during their time in Spain. No significant relationships were found between the LCP and request performance ratings. Results suggest that study abroad leadership should support students’ L2 pragmatic development before, during, and after study abroad.
(2006) Learning to say abroad “you” in German: The acquisition of sociolinguistic competence in a study abroad context. In M.A. DuFon & E. Churchill (Eds.), Language learners in study abroad contexts (pp. 59–88). Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters.
(2010) Making a request for a service in Spanish: Pragmatic development in the study abroad setting. Foreign Language Annals, 431, 160–175.
Blum-Kulka, S., House, J., & Kasper, G
(Eds.) (1989) Cross-cultural pragmatics: Requests and apologies. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
Brown, P., & Levinson, S
(1987) Politeness: Some universals in language use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Castañeda, M.E., & Zirger, M.L
(2011) Making the most of the new study abroad: Social capital and the short-term sojourn. Foreign Language Annals, 441, 544–564.
Cohen, A.D., & Shively, R.L
(2007) Acquisition of requests and apologies in Spanish and French: Impact of study abroad and strategy-building intervention. Modern Language Journal, 911, 189–212.
Cole, S., & Anderson, A
(2001) Requests by young Japanese: A longitudinal study. The Language Teacher Online 25, retrieved on July 28, 2012, from [URL]
(2004) Context of learning in the acquisition of Spanish second language phonology. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 261, 249–273.
(1999) The acquisition of politeness in Indonesian by sojourners in naturalistic interactions. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Hawai’i at Manoa, Honolulu.
(2007) Pragmatic development in the Spanish as a FL classroom: A cross-sectional study of learner requests. Intercultural Pragmatics, 41, 253–286.
Freed, B.F., Dewey, D.P., Segalowitz, N., & Halter, R
(2004) The language contact profile. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 261, 349–356.
Freed, B.F., Segalowitz, N., & Dewey, D.P
(2004) Context of learning and second language fluency in French: Comparing regular classroom, study abroad, and intensive domestic immersion programs. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 26(2), 275–301.
(2010) The relationship among motivation, interaction, and the development of second language oral proficiency in a study abroad context. Modern Language Journal, 941, 600–617.
(2016) Short-term study abroad: Perspectives on speaking gains and language contact. Applied Language Learning, 261, 39–64.
(1999) The longitudinal development of French foreign language pragmatic competence: Evidence from study abroad participants. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington.
(2005) Recasting the foreign language requirement through study abroad: A cultural immersion in Avignon. Foreign Language Annals, 381, 211–222.
Institute of International Education
(2013) Open doors: Report on international educational exchange. Retrieved on March 20, 2013, from [URL]
(2006) Study abroad social networks, motivation, and attitudes: Implications for second language acquisition. In M. DuFon & E. Churchill (Eds.), Language learners in study abroad contexts (pp. 231–258). Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters.
Kasper, G., & Rose, K
(2002) Pragmatic development in a second language. Oxford: Blackwell.
(2008) Language learning in study abroad: Case studies of Americans in France. Modern Language Journal, 921, 1–131.
Knight, S.M. & Schmidt-Rinehart, B.C
(2010) Exploring conditions to enhance student/host family interaction abroad. Foreign Language Annals, 431, 64–79.
(1983) Principles of pragmatics. New York: Longman.
Magnan, S.S., & Back, M
(2006) Requesting help in French: Developing pragmatic features during study abroad. In S. Wilkinson (Ed.), Insights from study abroad for language programs (pp. 22–44). Boston: Heinle.
Magnan, S.S., & Back, M
(2007) Social interaction and linguistic gain during study abroad. Foreign Language Annals, 401, 43–64.
2018. L2 development in an intensive Study Abroad EAP context. System 72 ► pp. 62 ff.
ZALBIDEA, JANIRE, BERNARD I. ISSA & MANDY FARETTA–STUTENBERG
2022. Brief but Mighty? Sustained L2 Learning and Perceived Psychobehavioral Benefits After Short‐Term Study Abroad. The Modern Language Journal 106:2 ► pp. 411 ff.
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 28 may 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers.
Any errors therein should be reported to them.