If Douglas Biber and his collaborators in the Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English (Biber et al. 1999) had not devoted a great deal of work to replicate the corpus-driven methodology used by Bent Altenberg (1993) in the identification and analysis of recurrent word combinations, chances are lexical bundles and the dozens of studies of lexical bundles conducted in the last decade would not have come to exist. This chapter outlines the development of the study of these expressions, which have generated a strong area of research for discourse analysis, particularly analyses of academic prose in a wide variety of text types: research articles, dissertations and theses, and textbooks, among many others. Keywords: Lexical bundles; formulaic language; move analysis
2007Lexical bundles in university spoken and written registers. English for Specific Purposes 26: 263-286.
Biber, Douglas & Conrad, Susan
1999Lexical bundles in conversation and academic prose. In Out of Corpora: Studies in Honor of Stig Johansson, Hilde Hasselgard & Signe Oksefjell (eds), 181-189. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
Biber, Douglas, Conrad, Susan, & Cortes, Viviana
2003Lexical bundles in speech and writing: An initial taxonomy. In Corpus Linguistics by the Lune: A Festschrift for Geoffrey Leech, Andrew Wilson, Paul Rayson & Tony McEnery (eds), 71-92. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.
Biber, Douglas, Conrad, Susan & Cortes, Viviana
2004a‘If you look at ...’: lexical bundles in university teaching and textbooks. Applied Linguistics 25(3): 371–405.
2004bRepresenting Language Use in the University: Analysis of the TOEFL® 2000 Spoken and Written Academic Language Corpus[TOEFL Report MS-25]. Princeton NJ: ETS.
Biber, Douglas, Johansson, Stig, Leech, Geoffrey, Conrad, Susan & Finegan, Edward
1999Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. London: Longman.
1994A genre analysis of the result sections of sociology articles. English for Specific Purposes 13: 47–59.
1997Repeated word combinations in spoken and written text: Some implications for functional grammar. In A Fund of Ideas: Recent Development in Functional Grammar, Christopher Butler, John Connolly, Richard Gatward & Roel Vismans (eds), 60–77. Amsterdam: Institute for Functional Research into Language and Language Use.
Chen, Yu-Hua & Baker, Paul
2011Lexical bundles in L1 and L2 academic writing. Language Learning and Technology 14: 30-49.
2002aLexical bundles in freshman composition. In Using Corpora to Explore Linguistic Variation[Studies in Corpus Linguistics 9], Randi Reppen, Susan Fitzmaurice & Douglas Biber (eds), 131-145. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
2002bLexical Bundles in Published and Student Academic Writing in History and Biology. PhD dissertation at Northern Arizona University.
2004Lexical bundles in published and student disciplinary writing: Examples from history and biology. English for Specific Purposes 23: 397-423.
2008A comparative analysis of lexical bundles in academic history writing in English and Spanish. Corpora 3: 43-57.
2012Lexical bundles and technology. In The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics, Carol Chapelle (ed.). Oxford: Wiley Blackwell.
2013aThe purpose of this study is to: Connecting lexical bundles to moves in research article introductions. Journal of English for Academic Purposes 12: 33-43.
2013bThe participants were randomly assigned…: Lexical bundles in research article methodology sections. Paper presented at the Conference for the American Association of Applied Linguistics, Dallas TX, March 16-19.
Cortes, Viviana & Cotos, Elena
2012Lexical bundles: Enhancing automated analysis of methodology sections. Paper presented at the Technology for Second Language Learning Conference, Ames IA.
1981Conversational Routines. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
1981The treatment of collocations and idioms in learners’ dictionaries. Applied Linguistics 2: 223-235.
1998Phraseology: Theory, Analysis, and Applications. Oxford: OUP.
2004Writing for Academic Success: A Post Graduate Guide. London: Sage.
2022. Lexical Bundles of Stance in Upper-Level Argumentative Literary Essays and Expert-Level Literary Criticism Articles: A Comparative Dispersion Study. In World Englishes, Global Classrooms, ► pp. 67 ff.
2017. Evaluating the Pedagogic Value of Multi‐Word Expressions Based on EFL Teachers’ and Advanced Learners’ Value Judgments. TESOL Journal 8:2 ► pp. 489 ff.
Qi, Hui & Fan Pan
2020. Lexical bundle variation across moves in abstracts of medical research articles. Southern African Linguistics and Applied Language Studies 38:2 ► pp. 109 ff.
2017. Comparing lexical bundles across the introduction, method and results sections of the research article. Corpora 12:1 ► pp. 1 ff.
Zheng, Hang, Bo Hu & Jie Xu
2022. The Development of Formulaic Knowledge in Super-Advanced Chinese Language Learners: Evidence From Processing Accuracy, Speed, and Strategies. Frontiers in Psychology 13
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