The present study offers the first analysis of modals and semi-modals which is based on all six completed Brown family corpora (B-Brown, B-LOB, Brown, LOB, Frown, F-LOB) and shows that the dynamics of diachronic change have prevented the emergence and preservation of stable regional contrasts between British and American English. The significance of this finding for the study of modality in the New Englishes is explored. Keywords. modality; ongoing change; British English; American English
2013Choices over time: Methodological issues in current change. In The English Verb Phrase: Corpus Methodology and Current Change, Bas Aarts, Joanne Close, Sean Wallis & Geoffrey Leech (eds), 14–45. Cambridge: CUP.
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2014Quasi-modals and modals in Australian English fiction 1800-1999, with comparisons across British and American English. Journal of English Linguistics 42: 7–30.
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2014Modality in Philippine English: A diachronic study. Journal of English Linguistics 42: 68–88.
2010Future time reference expressed by be to in present-day English. English Language and Linguistics 14: 271–291.
2003Log(ist)ic and simplistic S-curves. In Motives for Language Change, Ray Hickey (ed.), 54–70. Cambridge: CUP.
2010Modal verb usage at the interface of English and a related creole: A corpus-based study of can/could and will/would in Trinidadian English. Journal of English Linguistics 38: 105–142.
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2004A transatlantic perspective of variation and change in English deontic modality. Toronto Working Papers in Linguistics 23: 85–113.
2000Emerging English Modals: A Corpus-Based Study of Grammaticalization. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
2003Modality on the move: The English modal auxiliaries 1961 – 1992. In Modality in Contemporary English, Roberta Facchinetti, Manfred Krug, & Frank Palmer (eds), 223–240. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
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Leech, Geoffrey & Smith, Nicholas
2005Extending the possibilities of corpus-based research on English in the twentieth century: A prequel to LOB and F-LOB. ICAME Journal 29: 83–98.
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2009Change and constancy in linguistic change: How grammatical usage in written English evolved in the period 1931-1991. In Corpus Linguistics: Refinements and Reassessments, Antoinette Renouf & Andrew Kehoe (eds), 173–200. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
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2003World English, Euro-English, Nordic English. English Today 19(1): 54–58.
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2012Current Changes in the English Modals: A Corpus-Based Analysis of Present-Day Spoken English. PhD dissertation, University of Freiburg.
2007Postcolonial Englishes: Varieties around the World. Cambridge: CUP.
2003Changes in the modals and semi-modals of strong obligation and epistemic necessity in recent British English. In Modality in Contemporary English, Roberta Facchinetti, Manfred Krug & Frank Palmer (eds), 241–266. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
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2022. A Diachronic Study of Modals and Semi-modals in Indian English Newspapers. Journal of English Linguistics 50:2 ► pp. 142 ff.
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This list is based on CrossRef data as of 12 may 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers.
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