Chapter published in:Diachronic Corpora, Genre, and Language Change
Edited by Richard J. Whitt
[Studies in Corpus Linguistics 85] 2018
► pp. 241–260
A comparison of multi-genre and single-genre corpora in the context of contact-induced change
This chapter discusses results from a quantitative study of possible contact-induced change in Middle English in a multi-genre corpus (the Penn-Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Middle English 2 (PPCME2), Kroch & Taylor 2000, and a single-genre corpus, the Penn Corpus of Early English Correspondence (PCEEC), Taylor et al. 2006). We claim that the data from the correspondence corpus are critical to understanding the rise of the recipient passive (more traditionally called the indirect passive) in late ME because they reflect the active competence of writers, much more than other genres do (at least in the PPCME2). More precisely, we argue that our data reflect a verb class specific passive construction that seems to be firmly established in the grammar of the writers. This construction is not calqued from the model language (Old French) but the result of interpreting the French dative as different from the English ‘dative’.
Published online: 08 November 2018
Ambridge, Ben, Pine, Julian M., Rowland, Caroline F. & Chang, Franklin
Ambridge, Ben, Pine, Julian M., Rowland, Caroline F., Freudenthal, Daniel & Chang, Franklin
Eisenbeiss, Sonia, Narasimhan, Bhuvana & Voeikova, Maria
Kroch, Anthony & Taylor, Ann
Levin, Beth & Rappaport Hovav, Malka
Prévost, Sophie & Stein, Achim
(eds) 2013 Syntactic Reference Corpus of Medieval French (SRCMF). Lyon/Stuttgart: ENS de Lyon; Lattice, Paris; Universität Stuttgart. http://srcmf.org
Taylor, Ann, Nurmi, Arja, Warner, Anthony, Pintzuk, Susan & Nevalainen, Terttu
Trips, Carola & Stein, Achim
Forthcoming. Contact-induced changes in the argument structure of Middle English verbs on the model of Old French. Journal of Language Contact. Special Issue Valency and Transitivity in Contact, Eitan Grossman, Ilja Serzants & Alena Witzlack-Makarevich (eds).
2008 Dynamic Two-place Indirect Verbs in French: A Synchronic and Diachronic Study in Variation and Change of Valence. PHD dissertation, University of Toronto. https://tspace.library.utoronto.ca/bitstream/1807/17269/1/Troberg_Michelle_A_200811_PhD_thesis.pdf
Cited by other publications
Stein, Achim, Richard P. Ingham & Carola Trips
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