Chapter published in:Voices Past and Present - Studies of Involved, Speech-related and Spoken Texts: In honor of Merja Kytö
Edited by Ewa Jonsson and Tove Larsson
[Studies in Corpus Linguistics 97] 2020
► pp. 79–94
Chapter 6Interjections in early popular literature
Stereotypes and innovation
Early modern jests and drama provide excellent materials for studies on speech-based language. This article focuses on a core group of interjections, alas, lo and O, and assesses their use from a diachronic perspective. The method of study is qualitative stylistic analysis and the data comes mostly from the popular genres of the Helsinki Corpus (HC) and the Corpus of English Dialogues (CED). Genuine feelings are depicted in romances and tragedies, but in popular genres these items express stereotypical reactions to awkward situations, contributing to audience involvement. Innovative uses emerge with novel stylistic effects in the early seventeenth century.
- 1.Preliminaries and research questions
- 2.Data and method of the study
- 3.Beginnings of the tradition and genre continuity
- 4.Definitions and previous studies
- 5.Interjections with genuine feelings versus to “[f]lout & mock & Iest”
- 5.1.1Genuine feelings
- 5.1.2Stereotypical reactions
- 5.2.1Comical overtones
- 5.3.1Conventional uses
- 5.3.2Innovative uses
- 5.1 Alas
Published online: 05 October 2020
Biber, D., Johansson, S., Leech, G., Conrad, S. & Finegan, E.
Brown, P. A.
CED = A Corpus of English Dialogues 1560–1760 2006 Compiled under the supervision of M. Kytö (Uppsala University) and J. Culpeper (Lancaster University).
Culpeper, J. & Kytö, M.
Davies, H. N.
Felver, C. S.
HC = The Helsinki Corpus of English Texts 1991 Department of Modern Languages, University of Helsinki. Compiled by M. Rissanen (Project leader), M. Kytö (Project secretary); L. Kahlas-Tarkka, M. Kilpiö (Old English); S. Nevanlinna, I. Taavitsainen (Middle English); T. Nevalainen, H. Raumolin-Brunberg (Early Modern English).
2019 From case-marking to interjection: Speculations on the passage of English oh and its pathways. Guest lecture on the 20th of September at the University of Helsinki.
Jucker, A. H.
Jucker, A. H. & Taavitsainen, I.
Morson, G. S.
Norrick, N. R.
OED = Oxford English Dictionary Online
2nd edn with additions. Oxford: OUP.
Quirk, R., Greenbaum, S., Leech, G. & Svartvik, J.