Edited by Ida Raffaelli, Daniela Katunar and Barbara Kerovec
[Studies in Functional and Structural Linguistics 78] 2019
► pp. 109–128
Lexicalization patterns in color naming in Korean
Korean has a large inventory of color terms lexicalized through diverse strategies. Sound symbolism is one of the most determinative factors. Sound symbolism operative in color naming includes vowel polarity, consonant tensing and aspiration, prefixation of intensifiers, phonetic extension, and reduplicative suffixation, through which diverse aspects of color perception, e.g., intensity, luminosity, extent, solidity and pleasurability, are encoded. Color naming patterns in Korean reveals an iconic relationship between the perceived state of affairs in the world and the linguistic forms in an intricate application of elaborate sound symbolism, which suggests synesthesia with other related perceptual domains such as auditory perception, distance perception, opacity perception, and value judgment.
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