A Neurolinguistic Theory of Bilingualism

| McGill University, Cognitive Neuroscience Center, UQÀM
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ISBN 9789027241269 (Eur) | EUR 115.00
ISBN 9781556197383 (USA) | USD 173.00
 
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ISBN 9789027241276 (Eur) | EUR 33.00
ISBN 9781556197390 (USA) | USD 49.95
 
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This volume is the outcome of 25 years of research into the neurolinguistic aspects of bilingualism. In addition to reviewing the world literature and providing a state-of-the-art account, including a critical assessment of the bilingual neuroimaging studies, it proposes a set of hypotheses about the representation, organization and processing of two or more languages in one brain. It investigates the impact of the various manners of acquisition and use of each language on the extent of involvement of basic cerebral functional mechanisms. The effects of pathology as a means to understanding the normal functioning of verbal communication processes in the bilingual and multilingual brain are explored and compared with data from neuroimaging studies. In addition to its obvious research benefits, the clinical and social reasons for assessment of bilingual aphasia with a measuring instrument that is linguistically and culturally equivalent in each of a patient’s languages are stressed. The relationship between language and thought in bilinguals is examined in the light of evidence from pathology. The proposed linguistic theory of bilingualism integrates a neurofunctional model (the components of verbal communication and their relationships: implicit linguistic competence, metalinguistic knowledge, pragmatics, and motivation) and a set of hypotheses about language processing (neurofunctional modularity, the activation threshold, the language/cognition distinction, and the direct access hypothesis).
[Studies in Bilingualism, 18]  2004.  viii, 299 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Preface
vii
Introduction
1
1. Components of verbal communication
7
2. Implicit and explicit language processes
33
3. Bilingual aphasia
63
4. Cerebral lateralization and localization
97
5. Neurofunctional modularity
119
6. Neuroimaging studies of the bilingual brain
153
7. An integrated perspective on bilingualism
187
Glossary
233
References
249
Subject Index
295
“An excellent contribution by a major theoretician and researcher at the junction of linguistics and brain science, this well-organized volume moves from basic functions (motivation, implicit processes) to pathologies (e.g., aphasia) and applications (rehabilitation, therapy). The writing is exceptionally clear, and Paradis's discussion of each topic is neither too spare nor too detailed. More than 700 references provide access to the scientific (some clinical) literature. Particularly interesting is the discussion of cerebral lateralization, localization, modularity, and neuroimaging and its problems. The author proposes several hypotheses and concludes with an integrated neurolinguistic model of bilingualism. All in all, an accessible, enjoyable, thorough, clear, empirically based book.

Summing up: Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through faculty and professionals.”
“His informative and thought-provoking monograph provides an overview of neurolinguistic research resulting in a theory dealing with varied neurolinguistic issues that should be taken into consideration in our theory-building efforts. [...] Although various technical terms are used in the book, it does not seem to be too challenging even for novice readers to understand his main arguments.”
“This book is a scholarly, succinct, and eminently readable review and theoretical account and critique that covers the fundamental issues in bilingualism and bilingual aphasia.”
“Chest libri di Paradis al è in chest moment il miôr imprest par frontâ in maniere profonde e critiche la neurolinguistiche dal bilinguism. Si trate di un lavôr che al ven di une analisi e di une riflession su ducj i plui impuartants studis sul argoment dai ultins 25 agns. Cun di plui, Paradis cuant che al fevele e al scrîf no à pêi su la lenghe, duncje si trate di riflessions une vore profundis e diretis che a fasin ben sedi ai zovins che ai vecjos ricercjadôs. Ai studiôs di çurviel bilengâl plui esperts Paradis ur mostre i limits des lôr scuviertis. Ma il so discors al è soredut impuartant pai zovins ; se si lei cun atenzion chest libri, Paradis al mostre cun clarece lis stradis de ricercje che no puartin di nissune bande e chês che invezit a puedin incressi la cognossince.”
“This book presents a synthesis of Paradis’s views on a number of fundamental issues in these field. Paradis is a scholar of strong opinions who is not afraid to state that entire areas of scientific research are hopelessly misguided. In sum, Paradis dispenses with many fashionable but untenable hypotheses on bilingualism and focuses future research on the areas identified above. Overall this work raises a number of interesting questions for future research. While many questions about bilingualism remain to be answered, Paradis has charted out the correct approach to these issues.”
“This book presents the outcome of 25 years of research into the neurolinguistics of bilingualism. The result is a remarkable contribution to our understanding of the complicated nature of the topic, and the need for an integrative perspective on the issue. Through its seven chapters, the book thoroughly discusses the current working hypothesis whose interrelations provide the basis for an integrated theory of bilingualism. This highly complex task is elegantly accomplished by Michel Paradis, who discusses each point clearly and exhaustively. The result is a rich, complete view of the intricate relationships between the components of bilingual language processing. The book is extremely well written, clear, and a pleasure to read. It will certainly become a reference for those who wish to explore and understand the complexity and intererst of the study of bilingualism.”
“It is hard to think of anyone who is in a better position to talk about bilingualism and aphasia (differential patterns of recovery and so forth) than Paradis. Since the 1970s, he has been a central figure in this area of research, and it is widely recognized that his contribution has been major. It is impossible to imagine any discussion of the topic that does not rely heavily on his work. Given this author's prominence in the field, second language (L2) researchers will find much to admire in this volume.”
“Michel Paradis' valuable study, including his comprehensive and up-to-date bibliography and his lucid glossary of terms and issues, highlights this important subject.”
“Researchers and students of applied linguistics and anyone interested in bilingualism and second language learning will find this nontechnical and accessible state-of-the-art survey useful.”
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Subjects
BIC Subject: CFDM – Bilingualism & multilingualism
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2004049728