Chapter published in:Cross-linguistic Influence in Bilingualism: In honor of Aafke Hulk
Edited by Elma Blom, Leonie Cornips and Jeannette Schaeffer
[Studies in Bilingualism 52] 2017
► pp. 231–258
Complexity and production/comprehension asymmetries in the acquisition of wh-questions in French
Comparing second language acquisition and language impairment in children
Philippe Prévost | Imagerie et cerveau Inserm 930, Université François Rabelais, Tours
Laurice Tuller | Imagerie et cerveau Inserm 930, Université François Rabelais, Tours
Anne Galloux | Regional University Hospital Center (CHRU), Tours
Marie Anne Barthez | Regional University Hospital Center (CHRU), Tours
Assuming that production places a greater burden on processing than comprehension, this study explores the hypothesis that both the degree of linguistic computational complexity entailed in a particular structure and the processing capacity of the speakers determine if and when production/comprehension asymmetries will surface. Elicited production and comprehension of French wh-questions were studied in 29 English-speaking children acquiring French as a second language (L2) and 27 French-speaking children with Specific Language Impairment, aged 6 to 12. Results confirm the hypothesis and underline the fundamental role of complexity in language acquisition, pointing to implications for the effects of first language transfer, age of onset and length of exposure in L2 acquisition, and on differences between children with and without language pathology.
Keywords: child L2 acquisition, computational complexity, French, length of exposure, processing capacity, production-comprehension asymmetry (asymmetries), Specific Language Impairment, transfer/L1 transfer wh-questions, working memory
- 2.French wh-questions
- 2.1French wh-questions and the DCM
- 2.2French Wh-questions and the issues of norm and frequency
- 3.Acquisition of wh-question strategies
- 4.Research questions
- 5.The study
- 5.2.1Standardized tests
- 5.2.2Experimental tasks
- 6.1.1Wh-fronting vs. in situ (in non-subject questions)
- 6.1.2Wh-fronting strategies
- 6.3Correlation analyses in the L2 data
7.Discussion and conclusion
- 7.1Frequency in production of wh-strategies and computational complexity
- 7.2Production-comprehension symmetries and asymmetries
- 7.3L2 factors and computational complexity
Published online: 19 December 2017
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