Chapter published in:
Studies in Turkish as a Heritage Language
Edited by Fatih Bayram
[Studies in Bilingualism 60] 2020
► pp. 3962
Autorengruppe Bildungsberichterstattung
(2012) Bildung in Deutschland 2012: Ein indikatorengestützter Bericht mit einer Analyse zur kulturellen Bildung im Lebenslauf. Retrieved from http://​www​.bildungsbericht​.de​/de​/bildungsberichte​-seit​-2006​/bildungsbericht​-2012​/pdf​-bildungsbericht​-2012​/bb​-2012​.pdf> (5 June 2020).
Baddeley, A.
(2003) Working memory and language: An overview. Journal of Communication Disorders, 36(3), 189–208. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Berman, R. A.
(2008) Developing linguistic knowledge and language use across adolescence. In E. Hoff & M. Shatz (Eds.), Blackwell handbook of language development (pp. 347–367). Oxford: Blackwell. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Berry, J. W., Kyunghwa, K., Liebkind, K., Sabatier, C., Sam, D. L., Virta, E.,… Phinney, J.
(1993) The questionnaire for International Comparative Study of Ethnocultural Adolescents (the ICSEY project). Stockholm: CEIFO.Google Scholar
Bialystok, E., & Majumder, S.
(1998) The relationship between bilingualism and the development of cognitive processes in problem solving. Applied Psycholinguistics, 19, 69–85. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Biedinger, N., Becker, B., & Klein, O.
(2015) Turkish-language ability of children of immigrants in Germany: Which contexts of exposure influence preschool children’s acquisition of their heritage language? Ethnic and Racial Studies, 38(9), 1520–1538. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2018) Türkisch an Schulen in Nordrhein-Westfalen. Retrieved from https://​www​.schulministerium​.nrw​.de​/docs​/bp​/index​.html> (7 June 2020).
Bohman, T. M., Bedore, L. M., Peña, E. D., Mendez-Perez, A., & Gillam, R. B.
(2010) What you hear and what you say: Language performance in Spanish English bilinguals. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 13(3), 325–344. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bouchard, T. J.
(2013) The Wilson effect: The increase in heritability of IQ with age. Twin Research and Human Genetics, 16(5), 923–930. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bridges, K., & Hoff, E.
(2014) Older sibling influences on the language environment and language development of toddlers in bilingual homes. Applied Psycholinguistics, 35(2), 225–241. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bronfenbrenner, U.
(Ed.) (2005) Making human beings human. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
Byers-Heinlein, K.
(2012) Parental language mixing: Its measurement and the relation of mixed input to young bilingual children’s vocabulary size. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 16(1), 32–48. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Caspar, U., & Leyendecker, B.
(2011) Deutsch als Zweitsprache. Zeitschrift für Entwicklungspsychologie und Pädagogische Psychologie, 43(3), 118–132. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Daller, M., & Ongun, Z.
(2018) The Threshold Hypothesis revisited: Bilingual lexical knowledge and non-verbal IQ development. International Journal of Bilingualism, 22(6), 675–694. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Daller, M. H., & Treffers-Daller, J.
(2014) Moving between languages: Turkish returnees from Germany. In B. Menzel & C. Engel (Eds.) Rückkehr in die Fremde? Ethnische Remigration russlanddeutscher Spätaussiedler. Ost-West-Express. Kultur und Übersetzung (pp. 185–212). Berlin: Frank & Timme.Google Scholar
De Houwer, A.
(2011) Language input environments and language development in bilingual acquisition. Applied Linguistics Review, 2, 1–334. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dunn, L. M., & Dunn, D. M.
(2007) PPVT4: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (4th ed.). Minneapolis, MN: NCS Pearson.Google Scholar
Ebert, S., Lockl, K., Weinert, S., Anders, Y., Kluczniok, K., & Rossbach, H.-G.
(2013) Internal and external influences on vocabulary development in preschool children. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 24(2), 138–154. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Farver, J. A. M., Xu, Y., Eppe, S., & Lonigan, C. J.
(2006) Home environments and young Latino children’s school readiness. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 21, 196–212. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Glück, C. W.
(2009) Receptive vocabulary test research version modeled on PPVT-4th edition for NUBBEK. Heidelberg: Unpublished Research Version.Google Scholar
González-Ferrer, A.
(2006) Who do immigrants marry? Partner choice among single immigrants in Germany. European Sociological Review, 22(2), 171–185. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hagenaars, A., de Vos, K., & Zaidi, M.A.
(1994) Poverty statistics in the late 1980s: Research based on micro-data. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.Google Scholar
Hammer, C. S., Davison, M. D., Lawrence, F. R., & Miccio, A. W.
(2009) The effect of maternal language on bilingual children’s vocabulary and emergent literacy development during Head Start and kindergarten. Scientific Studies of Reading, 13(2), 99–121. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hammer, C. S., Hoff, E., Uchikoshi, Y., Gillanders, C., Castro, D., & Sandilos, L. E.
(2014) The language and literacy development of young dual language learners: A critical review. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 29(4), 715–733. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hammer, C. S., Lawrence, F., Rodriguez, B., Davison, M. D., & Miccio, A. W.
(2011) Changes in language usage of Puerto Rican mothers and their children: Do gender and timing of exposure to English matter? Applied Psycholinguistics, 32(02), 275–297. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hoff, E.
(2006) How social contexts support and shape language development. Developmental Review, 26, 55–88. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hoff, E., & Core, C.
(2013) Input and language development in bilingually developing children. Seminars in Speech and Language, 34(4), 215–26. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Jean, M., & Geva, E.
(2012) Through the eyes and from the mouths of young heritage-language learners: How children feel and think about their two languages. TESL Canada Journal, 29(6), 49–80. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kievit, R.A., Lindenberger, U., Goodyer, I.M., Jones, P.B., Fonagy, P., Bullmore, E. T., & Dolan, R. J.
(2017) Mutualistic coupling between vocabulary and reasoning supports cognitive development during late adolescence and early adulthood. Psychological Science, 28(10), 1419–1431. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lauchlan, F., Parisi, M., & Fadda, R.
(2012) Bilingualism in Sardinia and Scotland: Exploring the cognitive benefits of speaking a “minority” language. International Journal of Bilingualism, 17, 43–56. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lewis, K., Sandilos, L. E., Hammer, C. S., Sawyer, B. E., & Méndez, L. I.
(2016) Relations among the home language and literacy environment and children’s language abilities: A study of Head Start dual language learners and their mothers. Early Education and Development, 27(4), 478–494. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Leyendecker, B., Citlak, B., Schräpler, J.-P., & Schölmerich, A.
(2014) Diversität elterlicher Einstellungen und vorschulischer Lernerfahrungen–Ein Vergleich deutscher und zugewanderter Familien aus der Türkei, Russland und Polen. Zeitschrift für Familienforschung, 26(1), 70–93. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Liu, L. L., Benner, A. D., Lau, A. S., & Kim, S. Y.
(2009) Mother-adolescent language proficiency and adolescent academic and emotional adjustment among Chinese American families. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 38(4), 572–586. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mancilla-Martinez, J., & Lesaux, N. K.
(2011) The gap between Spanish speakers’ word reading and word knowledge: A longitudinal study. Child Development, 82(5), 1544–1560. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Marchman, V. A., Martínez, L. Z., Hurtado, N., Grüter, T., & Fernald, A.
(2017) Caregiver talk to young Spanish-English bilinguals: comparing direct observation and parent-report measures of dual-language exposure. Developmental Science, 20(1), e12425-n/a. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
McAlister, K.
(2008) Threshold hypothesis. In J. M. González (Ed.), Encyclopedia of bilingual education (pp. 831–833). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Miller, A. M., & Harwood, R. L.
(2001) Long-term socialisation goals and the construction of infants’ social networks among middle class Anglo and Puerto Rican mothers. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 25, 450–457. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Ministerium für Schule und Weiterbildung des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen
Mol, S. E., & Bus, A. G.
(2011) To read or not to read: A meta-analysis of print exposure from infancy to early adulthood. Psychological Bulletin, 137(2), 267–296. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Montrul, S. A.
(2016) Heritage language development: Connecting the dots. International Journal of Bilingualism, 22(5), 530–546. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O.
(2017) Mplus user’s guide (8th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.Google Scholar
Müller, N., Kupisch, T., Schmitz, K., & Cantone, K.
(2011) Einführung in die Mehrsprachigkeitsforschung. Tübingen: Narr Studienbücher.Google Scholar
Nippold, M. A.
(2006) Language development in school-age children, adolescents, and adults. In K. Brown (Ed.), Encyclopedia of language & linguistics (2nd ed., pp. 368–373). Oxford: Elsevier. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2002) Lexical learning in school-age children, adolescents, and adults: A process where language and literacy converge. Journal of Child Language, 29(2), 449–488. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Nippold, M. A., Duthie, J. K., & Larsen, J.
(2005) Literacy as a leisure activity: Free-time preferences of older children and young adolescents. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 36(2), 93–102. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Notten, N., & Becker, B.
(2017) Early home literacy and adolescents’ online reading behavior in comparative perspective. International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 68(6), 475–493. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Oller, D. K.
(2005) The distributed characteristic in bilingual learning. In J. Cohen, K. T. McAlister, K. Rolstad, & J. MacSwan (Eds.), ISB4: Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Bilingualism (pp. 1744–1749). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.Google Scholar
Oller, D. K., & Eilers, R. E.
(2002) Language and literacy in bilingual children. Child language and child development (Vol. 2). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.Google Scholar
Oller, D. K., Jarmulowicz, L., Pearson, B. Z., & Cobo-Lewis, A. B.
(2011) Rapid spoken language shift in early second language learning: The role of peers and effects on the first language. In A. Y. Durgunoğlu & C. N. Goldenberg (Eds.), Language and literacy development in bilingual settings (pp. 94–120). New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Pan, B. A., Rowe, M. L., Singer, J. D., & Snow, C. E.
(2005) Maternal correlates of growth in toddler vocabulary production in low-income families. Child Development, 76(4), 763–782.Google Scholar
Pearson, B. Z., Fernández, S. C., Lewedeg, V., & Oller, D.
(1997) The relation of input factors to lexical learning by bilingual infants. Applied Psycholinguistics, 18(1), 41–58. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Pearson, B. Z.
(2007) Social factors in childhood bilingualism in the United States. Applied Psycholinguistics, 28, 399–410. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Pfaff, C., Dollnick, M., & Herkenrath, A.
(2017) Classroom and community support for Turkish in Germany. In O. E. Kagan, M. M. Carreira, & C. H. Chik (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of heritage language education: From innovation to program building (pp. 423–437). New York, NY: Routledge. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Phinney, J. S., & Ong, A. D.
(2007) Conceptualization and measurement of ethnic identity: Current status and future directions. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 54(3), 271–281. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Place, S., & Hoff, E.
(2011) Properties of dual language exposure that influence 2-year-olds’ bilingual proficiency. Child Development, 82(6), 1834–1849. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Prevoo, M. J., Mesman, J., van IJzendoorn, M. H., & Pieper, S.
(2011) Bilingual toddlers reap the language they sow: Ethnic minority toddlers’ childcare attendance increases maternal host language use. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 32(6), 561–576. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Rowe, M. L.
(2012) A longitudinal investigation of the role of quantity and quality of child-directed speech in vocabulary evelopment. Child Development, 83(5), 1762–1774. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Sevinç, Y., & Dewaele, J.-M.
(2016) Heritage language anxiety and majority language anxiety among Turkish immigrants in the Netherlands. International Journal of Bilingualism, 22(2), 157–179. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Snedeker, J.
(2009) Word learning. In L. R. Squire (Ed.), Encyclopedia of neuroscience (pp. 503–508). New York, NY: Academic Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Snijders, J. T., Tellegen, P. J., & Laros, J. A.
(2005) SON-R 5½-17 Non-verbaler Intelligenztest. Göttingen: Hogrefe.Google Scholar
Statistisches Bundesamt
(2015) Bevölkerung und Erwerbstätigkeit: Bevölkerung mit Migrationshintergrund. Ergebnisse des Mikrozensus 2014. Wiesbaden.Google Scholar
Suárez-Orozco, C., & Qin, D. B.
(2006) Gendered perspectives in psychology: Immigrant origin youth. International Migration Review, 40(1), 165–198. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Uccelli, P., & Páez, M. M.
(2007) Narrative and vocabulary development of bilingual children from kindergarten to first grade: Developmental changes and associations among English and Spanish skills. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 38(3), 225–236. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Umbel, V. M., Pearson, B. Z., Fernández, M. C., & Oller, D. K.
(1992) Measuring bilingual children’s receptive vocabularies. Child Development, 63(4), 1012–1020. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Unsworth, S.
(2016) Quantity and quality of language input in bilingual language development. In E. Nicoladis & S. Montanari (Eds.), Bilingualism across the lifespan: Factors moderating language proficiency (pp. 103–121). Washington, DC: De Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wigfield, A., Byrnes, J. P., & Eccles, J. S.
(2006) Development during early and middle adolescence. In P. A. Alexander & H. W. Philip (Eds.), Handbook of educational psychology (2nd ed., pp. 87–113). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
Willard, J. A., Agache, A., Jäkel, J., Glück, C. W., & Leyendecker, B.
(2015) Family factors predicting vocabulary in Turkish as a heritage language. Applied Psycholinguistics, 36(04), 875–898. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Willard, J. A., Hammer, C. S., Bitetti, D., Cycyk, L. M., & Leyendecker, B.
(2019) Mothers’ depressive symptoms and their children’s Turkish heritage language vocabulary development. International Journal of Bilingualism, 23(1), 71–86. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wissenschaftliche Dienste des deutschen Bundestages
(2017) Türkischer Konsulatsunterricht. Dokumentation. Deutscher Bundestag: Berlin. https://​www​.bundestag​.de​/blob​/536698​/414a949206f558633c8d8909d6b10abd​/wd​-8​-038​-17​-pdf​-data​.pdf> (5 June 2020).