Chapter published in:
The Acquisition of Gender: Crosslinguistic perspectives
Edited by Dalila Ayoun
[Studies in Bilingualism 63] 2022
► pp. 183208
Alemán Bañon, J., Fiorentino, R., & Gabriele, A.
(2012) The processing of number and gender agreement in Spanish: An event-related potential investigation of the effects of structural distance. Brain Research, 1456, 49–63. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2018) Using event-related potentials to track morphosyntactic development in second language learners: The processing of number and gender agreement in Spanish. PLoS One, 13(7), 1–35. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Andringa, S.
(2020) The emergence of awareness in uninstructed L2 learning: A visual world eye tracking study. Second Language Research, 36(3), 335–357. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Baayen, R. H., Davidson, D. J., & Bates, D. M.
(2008) Mixed-effects modeling with crossed random effects for subjects and items. Journal of Memory and Language, 59(4), 390–412. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Barber, H., & Carreiras, M.
(2005) Grammatical gender and number agreement in Spanish: An ERP comparison. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17(1), 137–153. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bates, D. M., Mächler, M., Bolker, B. M., & Walker, S.
(2015) Fitting linear mixed-effects models using lme4. Journal of Statistical Software, 67(1), 1–48. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Blom, E., & Vasić, N.
(2011) The production and processing of determiner–noun agreement in child L2 Dutch. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 1(3), 265–290. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bruhn de Garavito, J., & White, L.
(2002) The second language acquisition of Spanish DPs: The status of grammatical features. In A. T. Pérez-Leroux & J. Muñoz Liceras (Eds), The acquisition of Spanish morphosyntax: The L1/L2 connection (pp. 153–178). Kluwer. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Brysbaert, M., Drieghe, D., & Vitu, F.
(2005) Word skipping: Implications for theories of eye movement control in reading. In G. Underwood (Ed.), Cognitive Processes in Eye Guidance (pp. 53–77). Oxford University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Cholewa, J., Neitzel, I., Bürsgens, A., & Günther, T.
(2019) Online-processing of grammatical gender in noun-phrase decoding: An eye-tracking study with monolingual German 3rd and 4th Graders. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1–16. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Clifton, C., Staub, A., & Rayner, K.
(2007) Eye movements in reading words and sentences. In R. P. G. van Gompel, M. H. Fischer, W. S. Murray, & R. L. Hill (Eds.), Eye movements: A window on the mind and brain (pp. 341–371). Elsevier. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Conklin, K., Pellicer-Sánchez, A., & Carrol, G.
(2018) Eye-tracking: A guide for applied linguistics research. Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Coughlin, C. E., & Tremblay, A.
(2013) Proficiency and working memory based explanations for nonnative speakers’ sensitivity to agreement in sentence processing. Applied Psycholinguistics, 34(3), 615–646. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
De Jong, N.
(2005) Can second language grammar de learned through listening? Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 27, 205–234. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Denzin, N. K.
(1989) The research act: A theoretical introduction to sociological methods (3rd ed.). Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
Dussias, P. E.
(2010) Uses of eye-tracking data in second language sentence processing research. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 30, 149–166. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dussias, P. E., Valdés Kroff, J. R., Guzzardo Tamargo, R. E., & Gerfen, C.
(2013) When gender and looking go hand in hand: Grammatical gender processing in L2 Spanish. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 35, 353–387. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Fernald, A., Zangl, R., Portillo, A. L., & Marchman, V. A.
(2008) Looking while listening: using eye movements to monitor spoken language comprehension by infants and young children. In I. Sekerina, E. M. Fernández, & H. Clahsen (Eds.), Developmental psycholinguistics: On-line methods in children’s language processing (pp. 97–135). John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Foucart, A., & Frenck-Mestre, C.
(2012) Can late L2 learners acquire new grammatical features? Evidence from ERPs and eye-tracking. Journal of Memory and Language, 66(1), 226–248. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Franceschina, F.
(2001) Morphological or syntactic deficits in near-native speakers? An assessment of some current proposals. Second Language Research, 17(3), 213–247. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Godfroid, A.
(2020) Eye tracking in second language acquisition and bilingualism: A research synthesis and methodological guide. Routledge.Google Scholar
Godfroid, A., & Winke, P.
(2015) Investigating implicit and explicit processing using L2 learners’ eye-movement data. In P. Rebuschat (Ed.), Implicit and explicit learning of languages, (pp. 325–348). John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Godfroid, A., Winke, P., & Conklin, K.
(2020) Exploring the depths of second language processing with eye tracking: An introduction. Second Language Research, 36(3), 243–255. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Grüter, T., Lew-Williams, C., & Fernald, A.
(2012) Grammatical gender in L2: A production or a real-time processing problem? Second Language Research, 28(2), 191–215. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hopp, H.
(2012) Grammatical gender in adult L2 acquisition: Relations between lexical and syntactic variability. Second Language Research, 29(1), 33–56. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hopp, H., & Lemmerth, N.
(2018) Lexical and syntactic congruency in L2 predictive gender processing. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 40(1), 171–199. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Huettig, F., Rommers, J., & Meyer, A. S.
(2011) Using the visual world paradigm to study language processing: A review and critical evaluation. Acta Psychologica, 137(2), 151–171. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Instituto Cervantes
(2008) Diploma de español. Nivel intermedio. Retrieved on 10 June from http://​www​.dele​.org​/uploads​/test​/intermedio​/textos​_orales​.pdf
Jegerski, J., & VanPatten, B.
(2014) Research methods in second language psycholinguistics. Routledge.Google Scholar
Jiang, N.
(2004) Morphological insensitivity in second language processing. Applied Psycholinguistics, 25, 603–634. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Keating, G. D.
(2009) Sensitivity to violations of gender in native and nonnative Spanish: An eye-movement investigation. Language Learning, 59(3), 503–535. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2010) The effects of linear distance and working memory on the processing of gender agreement in Spanish. In B. VanPatten & J. Jegerski (Eds), Research in second language processing and parsing (pp. 113–134). John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Keating, G. D., & Jegerski, J.
(2015) Experimental designs in sentence processing research: A methodological review and user’s guide. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 37(1), 1–32. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kuznetsova, A., Brockhoff, P., & Christensen, R.
(2017) lmerTest Package: Tests in linear mixed effects models. Journal of Statistical Software, 82, 1–26. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Leeser, M. J., Brandl, A., & Weissglass, C.
(2011) Task effects in second language sentence processing research. In P. Trofimovich & K. McDonough (Eds.), Applying priming methods to L2 learning, teaching and research (pp. 179–198). John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lemmerth, N., & Hopp, H.
(2019) Gender processing in simultaneous and successive bilingual children: Cross-linguistic lexical and syntactic influences. Language Acquisition, 26(1), 21–45. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lew-Williams, C., & Fernald, A.
(2010) Real-time processing of gender-marked articles by native and non-native Spanish speakers. Journal of Memory and Language, 63, 447–464. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lim, J. H., & Christianson, K.
(2014) Second language sensitivity to agreement errors: Evidence from eye movements during comprehension and translation. Applied Psycholinguistics, 36(6), 1–33. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
López Prego, B., & Gabriele, A.
(2014) Examining the impact of task demands on morphological variability in native and non-native Spanish. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 4(2), 192–221. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Marian, V., Blumenfeld, H. K., & Kaushanskaya, M.
(2007) The language experience and proficiency questionnaire (LEAP-Q): Assessing language profiles in bilinguals and multilinguals. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 50(4), 940–967. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Marinis, T.
(2010) Using on-line processing methods in language acquisition research. In E. Blom & S. Unsworth (Eds.), Experimental methods in language acquisition research (pp. 139–162). John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mariscal, S.
(2009) Early acquisition of gender agreement in the Spanish noun phrase: Starting small. Journal of Child Language, 36, 143–171. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Marsden, E., Thompson, S., & Plonsky, L.
(2018) A methodological synthesis of self-paced reading in second language research. Applied Psycholinguistics, 39(5), 861–904. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
McCarthy, C.
(2008) Morphological variability in the comprehension of agreement: An argument for representation over computation. Second Language Research, 24(4), 459–486. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Miceli, G., Turriziani, P., Caltagirone, C., Capasso, R., Tomaiuolo, F., & Caramazza, A.
(2002) The neural correlates of grammatical gender: An fMRI investigation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14(3), 618–628. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Mitchell, D. C.
(2004) On-line methods in language processing: Introduction and historical review. In M. Carreiras & C. Clifton (Eds.), The online study of sentence comprehension: Eyetracking, ERPs and beyond (pp. 15–32). Psychology Press.Google Scholar
Morales, L., Paolieri, D., Dussias, P. E., Valdes Kroff, J. R., Gerfen, C., & Bajo, M. T.
(2016) The gender congruency effect during bilingual spoken-word recognition. Biling (Camb Engl), 19(2), 294–310. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Pickering, M. J., Frisson, S., McElree, B., & Traxler, M. J.
(2004) Eye movements and semantic composition. In M. Carreiras & C. Clifton (Eds.), The online study of sentence comprehension: Eyetracking, ERPs and beyond (pp. 33–50). Psychology Press.Google Scholar
Quiñones, I., Molinaro, N., Mancini, S., Hernández-Cabrera, J. A., Barber, H., & Carreiras, M.
(2018) Tracing the interplay between syntactic and lexical features: fMRI evidence from agreement comprehension. Neuroimage, 175, 259–271. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Rayner, K., & Liversedge, S. P.
(2011) Linguistic and cognitive influences on eye movements during reading. In S. P. Liversedge, I. D. Gilchrist, & S. Everling (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of eye movements (pp. 751–766). Oxford University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Reichle, E. D., Pollatsek, A., Fisher, D. L., & Rayner, K.
(1998) Toward a model of eye movement control in reading. Psychological Review, 105(1), 125–157. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Renaud, C.
(2014) A processing investigation of the accessibility of the uninterpretable gender feature in L2 French and L2 Spanish adjective agreement. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 4(2), 222–255. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Roberts, L.
(2012) Psycholinguistic techniques and resources in second language acquisition research. Second Language Research, 28(1), 113–127. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2016) Self-paced reading and L2 grammatical processing. In A. Mackey & E. Marsden (Eds.), Advancing methodology and practice: The IRIS repository of instruments for research into second languages (pp. 58–73). Routledge.Google Scholar
Roberts, L., & Liszka, S. A.
(2013) Processing tense/aspect-agreement violations on-line in the second language: A self-paced reading study with French and German L2 learners of English. Second Language Research, 29(4), 413–439. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Roberts, L., & Siyanova-Chanturia, A.
(2013) Using eye-tracking to investigate topics in L2 acquisition and L2 processing. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 35(2), 213–235. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Sabourin, L., & Stowe, L. A.
(2008) Second language processing: When are first and second languages processed similarly. Second Language Research, 24(3), 397–430. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Sagarra, N., & Herschensohn, J.
(2010) The role of proficiency and working memory in gender and number agreement processing in L1 and L2 Spanish. Lingua, 120(8), 2022–2039. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2011) Proficiency and animacy effects on L2 gender agreement processes during comprehension. Language Learning, 61(1), 80–116. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Spinner, P., Gass, S. M., & Behney, J.
(2013) Ecological validity in eye-tracking: An empirical study. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 35(2), 389–415. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Spino-Seijas, L.
(2017) Grammatical gender agreement in L2 Spanish: The role of syntactic context (Unpublished PhD dissertation). Michigan State University.Google Scholar
Unsworth, S.
(2008) Age and input in the acquisition of grammatical gender in Dutch. Second Language Research, 24(3), 365–395. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
VanPatten, B., Keating, G. D., & Leeser, M. J.
(2012) Missing verbal inflections as a representational problem: Evidence from self-paced reading. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 2(2), 109–140. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Vitu, F., O’Regan, K., Inhoff, A. W., & Topolski, R.
(1995) Mindless reading: Eye-movement characteristics are similar in scanning letter strings and reading texts. Perception and Psychophysics, 57(3), 352–364. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Wen, S., Miyao, M., Takeda, A., Chu, W., & Schwartz, B.
(2010) Proficiency effects and distance effects in nonnative processing of English number agreement. In K. Franich, K. Iserman & L. Keil (Eds.), Proceedings of the 34th annual Boston University Conference on Language Development (pp. 445–456). Cascadilla Press.Google Scholar
White, L., Valenzuela, E., Kozlowska-Macgregor, M., & Leung, Y.-K. I.
(2004) Gender and number agreement in nonnative Spanish. Applied Psycholinguistics, 25, 105–133. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Witzel, N., Witzel, J., & Forster, K.
(2012) Comparisons of online reading paradigms: Eye tracking, moving-window, and maze [Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov’t]. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 41(2), 105–128. CrossrefGoogle Scholar