The gradience of spirantization
Factors affecting L2 production of intervocalic Spanish [β̞,ð̞,ɣ̞]
Most studies to date on the ability of English speakers to produce the Spanish approximants [β̞,ð̞,ɣ̞] have impressionistically looked at the stop-spirant contrast of English-speaking learners of Spanish (e.g. Zampini 1994, Díaz-Campos 2004, Face & Menke 2009), but no known study has empirically studied the degree to which these learners are able to spirantize when compared to native speakers. The current study looks at two groups of learners: one group composed of learners who had studied four semesters of university Spanish and another group composed of learners who spent 2 years abroad in a Spanish-speaking country. Intervocalic tokens of [β̞,ð̞,ɣ̞] were taken and were measured for degree of oral occlusion using the intensity curve in PRAAT. Additionally, a multiple regression analysis was run to determine the relationship that oral occlusion had with speech task type formality, motivational intensity, level of instruction/time abroad, phoneme type, and phoneme word position.
Keywords: SLA, gradient variables, spirantization
Published online: 08 December 2014
Alvord, Scott M., and Diane E. Christiansen
Boersma, Paul, and David Weenink
2012 Praat: Doing Phonetics by Computer [Computer program]. Accessed 8 December, 2012. http://www.praat.org/
Borland, Delorme, and E.B. Karen
Bronstein, Aurthur J.
Cole, Jennifer, José Ignacio Hualde, and Khalil Iskarous
2006 “The Effect of Style in Second Language Phonology: An Analysis of Segmental Acquisition in Study Abroad and Regular-Classroom Students.” In Selected Proceedings of the 7th Conference on the Acquisition of Spanish and Portuguese as First and Second Languages, ed. by Carol A. Klee, and Timothy L. Face, 26–39. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.
Elliott, A. Raymond
Face, Timothy L., and Mandy R. Menke
Gardner, Robert C.
Hualde, José Ignacio, Ryan Shosted, and Daniel Scarpace
Landau, Sabine, and Brian S. Everitt
Lope Blanch, Juan M.
Martínez Celdrán, Eugenio
Montes, José J.
Navarro Tomás, Tomás
Quesada Pacheco, Miguel A.
Shivley, Rachel. L.
Stevens, John J.
Cited by 6 other publications
Cabrelli Amaro, Jennifer
Face, Timothy L.
Face, Timothy L.
Henriksen, Nicholas, Stephen Fafulas & Erin O'Rourke
Nagle, Charles L.
Solon, Megan, Bret Linford & Kimberly L. Geeslin
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