The long-lost “black Spanish”
The pidginized Spanish learned by millions of Africans in Latin America had a profound but as yet underexplored impact on the formation of Spanish American dialects. Literary imitations from previous centuries are questionable, and few vestiges of actual Afro-Hispanic language remain. This paper reports on a unique Afro-American speech community in highland Bolivia, possibly the oldest surviving Afro-American variety of any language. The Afro-Yungueño dialect, now spoken in contact with regional Andean Spanish, differs systematically from any other Spanish dialect, and provides empirical evidence of the earliest stages of Afro-Hispanic language in the Americas. It also provides key evidence in the debate surrounding the possible creolization of Spanish and Portuguese in other Afro-American contexts.
Keywords: semicreoles, pidgins, Afro-Hispanic language, Bolivian Spanish, Spanish dialectology, creole language
Published online: 06 April 2007
Cited by 4 other publications
Balam, Osmer, Ana de Prada Pérez & Dámaris Mayans
Niño-Murcia, Mercedes, Juan Carlos Godenzzi & Jason Rothman
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 20 april 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.