Chapter published in:Syntactic Variation in Insular Scandinavian
Edited by Höskuldur Thráinsson, Caroline Heycock, Hjalmar P. Petersen and Zakaris Svabo Hansen
[Studies in Germanic Linguistics 1] 2017
► pp. 91–112
Determining the nature of intra-speaker subject case variation
Extensive syntactic surveys show that variation in subject case appears in both Insular Scandinavian languages. The results furthermore indicate that intra-speaker variation is widespread and that Person-Specific Retention (PSR) is one of the characteristics of the variation in both Icelandic and Faroese. Many questions on the nature of the variation remain unanswered and no formal account of the PSR has been provided. In this paper I shed light on the subject by presenting new data from Icelandic, Faroese and heritage North-American Icelandic. Experimental language acquisition data can be particularly decisive regarding the nature of the intra-speaker variation and the variation and PSR can be accounted for formally within Yang’s (2002, 2016) variational model of acquisition.
Keywords: language change, language acquisition, variation in subject case, Dative b-Substitution, variational learning framework, Tolerance Principle, Icelandic, heritage Icelandic, Faroese
- 2.Previous studies: Major findings and unsolved problems
- 2.1.1Person-Specific Retention (PSR)
- 2.1.2Mixed case marking (MCM)
- 2.2Language acquisition
- 3.1.1Survey design
- 3.1.2Additional data
- 4.1.1The distribution of cases with langa
- 4.1.2Accusative Substitution with finnast
- 4.2Naturalistic data
- 4.2.1Language sample corpus
- 4.2.2Collected examples
- 5.1Rules over words
- 5.2Variable input and intra-speaker variation
- 5.2.1First and second person singular accusative as a (productive) rule
Published online: 18 July 2017
Clahsen, Harold, Sonja Eisenbeiß and Anne Vainikka
Ingason, Anton K.
Jónsson, Jóhannes Gísli, and Thórhallur Eythórsson
Jónsson, Jóhannes Gísli
2012 Mig langar sjálfri til þess. Rannsókn á innri breytileika í fallmörkun frumlaga. [‘I want that myself. Investigation of intra-speaker variation in subject case marking.’] BA-thesis, University of Iceland, Reykjavík. [Accessible at http://skemman.is/item/view/1946/12885.]
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2013 “Þágufallshneigð í sjón og raun. Niðurstöður spurningakannana í samanburði við málnotkun.” [‘Dative substitution, apparent and real. The results from questionnaires compared to language use.’] In Tilbrigði í íslenskri setningagerð I, ed. by Höskuldur Thráinsson, Ásgrímur Angantýsson and Einar Freyr Sigurðsson, 83–110. Reykjavík: Málvísindastofnun Háskóla Íslands.
Cited by 1 other publications
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