Focus in Generative Grammar

| University of British Columbia, Vancouver
PaperbackAvailable
ISBN 9789027227911 | EUR 68.00 | USD 102.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027286338 | EUR 68.00 | USD 102.00
 
The topic of this book is the notion of ‘focus’ and its linguistic characterization. The main thesis is that focus has a uniform grammatical identification only as a syntactic element with – in English at least – a certain systematic phonological interpretation and – presumably universally – a range of semantic interpretations. In broad respects, the framework within this investigation is conducted is that of Chomsky & Lasnik (1977) and the subsequent Government and Binding framework. After considering defining the location of prominence in a focused phrase in terms of constituent structure, the author argues that an argument structure approach to the focus phrase/prominence relation is more promising. This is then exemplified in analyses of cleft focus and constructional focus.
[Studies in Generative Linguistic Analysis, 4]  1986.  ix, 221 pp.
Publishing status: Available | Original publisher: E. Story-Scientia
Table of Contents
Preface
vii
Dedication
ix
Introduction
1
Chapter 1: Accent and Focus
5
1.1. The NSR and the NSR'
5
1.2. The NSR”
18
1.3. Prominence
31
Chapter 2: The Interpretation of Focus
37
2.1. The Presupposition Analysis
41
2.2. c-construable
46
2.3. Narrow Focus, Contrast, and Default Accent
67
Chapter 3: The Representation of Focus
79
3.1. Focus and Argument Structure
80
3.2. The Structure of Discourse
98
Chapter 4: Constructional Focus
109
4.1. The Constructional Focus Principle
109
4.2. The Constructional Focus Position
121
Chapter 5: Cleft Focus
127
5.1. The Interpretation of Clefts
128
5.2. The Structure of Clefts
135
5.3. Cleft Focus Constructions and Parametric Variation
154
Appendix — On Overt wh Phrases in English Cleft Clauses
161
Chapter 6: Summary
171
Footnotes
179
References
213
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Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  86003568