The Role of Prescriptivism in American Linguistics 1820–1970

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ISBN 9789027209542 | EUR 105.00 | USD 158.00
 
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The phenomenon of absolutist, prescriptive correctness is persistent and pervasive in the linguistic through of educated and intelligent citizens of the United States. This volume is not only and attempt to gain some understanding of the source, nature, and operation of the prescriptive attitude, but also to examine it in the light of what Einar Haugen (1972) has called the ‘ecology of language’, that is, the relationship between language attitudes and other social and cultural behavior.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Preface
v
1.0 Introduction
1
1.1 Prescriptivism
1
1.2 Descriptivism
1
1.3 Other Linguistic Attitudes
1
1.4 Ecology of Language
3
1.5 Correctness in America
3
1.6 Organization of the Study
4
1.7 Attitude and Behavior
5
2.0 The Challenge to Prescriptivism: 1820-1851
6
2.1 Reaction Against Rote Learning
6
2.2 William Samuel Cardell
9
2.3 Noah Webster
9
2.4 Attacks on Murray's Grammar
10
2.5 Goold Brown
11
2.6 Asa Rand
11
2.7 Effect of Nationalism
12
2.8 An Appeal from the Old Theory of English Grammar
13
2.9 Boundlessness and Romanticism
14
3.0 The Revival of Prescriptivism: 1851-1875
17
3.1 Hempl's Indictment
17
3.2 The Genteel Culture
18
3.3 The Great Dictionary War
19
3.4 Attack on ‘Innovations’
20
3.5 Goold Brown Redux
22
3.6 Marsh and the ‘Anglican Community’
23
3.7 Prescriptivism and Personal Impressions
24
3.8 Correctness in the Common Schools
25
3.9 Richard Grant White
26
3.10 Fitzedward Hall
28
3.11 General Cultural Conditions
29
4.0 The Persistence of the Prescriptive Notion: The 20th-century
31
4.1 Public Attitudes and Linguistic Developments
31
4.2 Science and Language Study
32
4.3 Linguistic Ecology
33
4.4 The Genteel Continuity
34
4.5 The Role of NCTE
36
4.6 The ‘Standard English’ Notion
38
4.7 The Role of Grammar Instruction
38
4.8 The Stylistic Dimension
39
4.9 The Failed Revolutions
40
4.10 Correctness in the 1960's
40
4.11 Transformational Grammar and Correctness
41
4.12 The Intellectual Spirit of the 20th-century
43
4.13 The 1890's
43
4.14 The Revolt Against Formalism
43
4.15 The Progressive Dilemma and Language
44
4.16 The Special Status of Linguistic Attitudes
45
4.17 The Romantic Continuity
45
4.18 The Academic Protest
46
4.19 Universal Attitudes and Local Conditions
46
5.0 The Dictionary War
50
5.1 The Third and American Structuralism
50
5.2 The Initial Press Reaction
51
5.3 Deeper Criticisms
52
5.4 The Third as Bolshevism
53
5.5 The Editorial Touchstones
54
5.6 Gove's Rebuttal
56
5.7 Journalistic Defenses of the Third
58
5.8 Attacks by Professional Publications
58
5.9 Mario Pei
61
5.10 The Debate Sustained
61
5.11 The Character of the Attacks
62
5.12 Two Principal Attacks
62
5.13 The Professional Split
66
5.14 Sledd's Indictment
68
5.15 Prescriptive Strength
69
5.16 The British View
70
5.17 Business Rivalry
72
5.18 The Usage Panel
73
5.19 Prescriptivism Evidenced
75
6.0 Black English and the American Dream
78
6.1 Black vs. ‘Standard’ English
78
6.2 The Reality of ‘Standard’ English
79
6.3 The Reality of Black English
80
6.4 The Deficit Notion
84
6.5 Labov's Rebuttal
88
6.6 Eradication Movement
91
6.7 Enlightened Bidialectalism
92
6.8 Motives for Bidialectalism
94
6.9 Objections to Bidialectalism
97
6.10 Jensenism
102
6.11 A Sociolinguistic Option to Bidialectalism
103
6.12 The Prescriptive Continuity
105
7.0 Conclusion
107
Bibliography
112
Index
124
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Edwards, John & Maryanne Jacobsen
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Giles, Howard, Miles Hewstone & Peter Ball
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Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  78306317