A Paradigm Lost

The linguistic thought of Mikołaj Kruszewski

| State University of New York, Stony Brook
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027245595 (Eur) | EUR 105.00
ISBN 9781556196089 (USA) | USD 158.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027276599 | EUR 105.00 | USD 158.00
 
The general theory of language of Mikołaj Kruszweski (1851-1887) is, this book argues, a “lost paradigm” in the history of linguistics. The concept of 'paradigm' is understood in a broadly construed Kuhnian sense, and its applicability to linguistics as a science is examined. It is argued that Kruszewski's theory was a covert paradigm in that his major work, Ocerk nauki o jazyke ('An Outline of the Science of Language', 1883), had the potential to be seminal in the history of linguistics, i.e. to achieve the status of a 'classical text', or 'exemplar'. This potential was not realized because Kruszewski's influence was hindered by various historical factors, including his early death and the simultaneous consolidation of the Neogrammarian paradigm, with its emphasis on phonology and language change. The book examines the intellectual background of Kruszweski's thought, which was rooted, in part, in the tradition of British empiricism. It also discusses Kruszewski's relationship to his teacher Jean Baudouin de Courtenay (1845-1929), his attitude towards the Neogrammarian movement in linguistics, the ambivalent reception of his theory by his contemporaries, and the influence of his work on the linguistic theory of Roman Jakobson (1896-1982).
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Preface
vii
I. Introductory Remarks on Linguistic Historiography
1
1.1 Kruszewski's place in the history of linguistics
1
1.2 The relationship between the past and the present in linguistic theory
2
1.3 Paradigms in the history of linguistics
5
1.4 Kruszewski's theory as a ‘lost paradigm’
10
1.5 Establishing the historical context
12
II. Historical Background for the Development of Kruszewski's Thought
14
2.1 Kruszewski's research goals
15
2.2 John Stuart Mill and the rise of the social sciences
15
2.3 The Neogrammarians, Baudouin de Courtenay, and the definition of linguistic science
26
III. Kruszewski's Linguistic Writings Before Očerk Nauki O Jazyke (1883)
39
3.1 The beginning of Kruszewski's linguistic career
39
3.2 “Nabljudenija nad nekotorymi fonetičeskimi javlenijami svjazannymi s akcentuaciej” (1879)
43
3.3 “Lingvističeskie zametki” (1880)
44
3.4 Sound laws and sound alternations: K voprosu o gune (1881)
48
3.5 “On ‘Analogy’ and ‘Folk Etymology’” (1879)
60
IV. Kruszewski's Theory of Language in Očerk Nauki O Jazyke
69
4.1 Definitions of linguistic science
69
4.2 The nature of linguistic units
76
4.3 The laws of association
80
4.4 The sound system of language
87
4.5 The morphological system of language
94
4.6 Kruszewski's conception of the linguistic system as a whole
102
4.7 Kruszewski's conception of language change
115
V. Kruszewski and Baudouin de Courtenay
134
5.1 Baudouin's mentorship of Kruszewski
134
5.2 Baudouin's frustration with academic life
137
5.3 Kruszewski's illness
142
5.4 Baudouin's obituary of Kruszewski
144
5.5 Relevance of the ‘Lautgesetz’ controversy
150
5.6 The reception of Kruszewski's theory
152
VI. Conclusion: Kruszewski's Place in the History of Linguistics
158
6.1 Influence of Kruszewski on Jakobson
158
6.2 Kruszewski and linguistic historiography in the second half of the 20th century
167
6.3 Kruszewski's place in the history of linguistics
176
References
179
Index of Names
191
Index of Subjects and Terms
195
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Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  93037183 | Marc record