Chapter published in:Language Variation - European Perspectives VII: Selected papers from the Ninth International Conference on Language Variation in Europe (ICLaVE 9), Malaga, June 2017
Edited by Juan-Andrés Villena-Ponsoda, Francisco Díaz Montesinos, Antonio-Manuel Ávila-Muñoz and Matilde Vida-Castro
[Studies in Language Variation 22] 2019
► pp. 54–70
Evaluations of foreign accent in a purist speech community
The case of Iceland
This study was directed both at evaluations of foreign-accented Icelandic according to listeners’ background and the possible consequences of evaluations for the linguistic climate in Iceland. Seven female non-native speakers, representing the largest immigrant groups, and one native speaker of Icelandic were recorded and subsequently evaluated according to eight personality traits. Statistical analysis of answers of 538 Icelanders revealed that women and those over 60 are generally more positive in their evaluation as compared to men or those under 60 years. Overall, results imply, firstly, that those accents which can be categorised as Western are preferred over those that belong to Eastern Europeans or Asians and, secondly, that the native Icelandic accent is not always rated highest.
Keywords: Icelandic, foreign accent, language attitudes, stereotypes, language variation, verbal guise, listener background, linguistic climate
Published online: 12 December 2019
Adamson, Hugh Douglas and Vera Regan
Arnbjörnsdóttir, Birna and Hafdís Ingvarsdóttir
Bade, Stefanie and Vanessa Isenmann
. Good and not so good Icelandic. Standard Icelandic and evaluations of linguistic variation with focus on foreign-accented speech and computer-mediated communication. Unpublished manuscript, 2.12.2016.
Brennan, Eileen M. and John S. Brennan
Cargile, Aaron and Howard Giles
Ewen, Halldóra Björt and Tore Kristiansen
Flege, James E. , Murray J. Munro and Ian R. A. MacKay
Giles, Howard and Nancy Niedzielski
Hilmarsson-Dunn, Amanda and Ari Páll Kristinsson
Hlynsdóttir, Kristín Ingibjörg
2016 Þykir harðmæli betra en linmæli? Rannsókn á ómeðvitum viðhorfum. [Is hard speech better than soft speech? An investigation of covert attitudes.] (Bachelor Thesis in Icelandic Linguistics. University of Iceland). Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1946/26063.
Kang, Okim and Donald Rubin
Kristiansen, Tore and Lars S. Vikør
Kristínsson, Ari Páll
Ladegaard, Hans J.
Lambert, Wallace E. , Richard C. Hodgson , Robert C. Gardner and Samuel Fillenbaum
Leonard, Pax Stephen and Kristján Árnason
Ministry of Education [Menntamálaráðuneyti]
Purcell, Edward T. and Richard W. Suter
Ragnarsdóttir, Brynhildur Anna and Þórhildur Oddsdóttir
Ryan, Ellen B.
Ryan, Ellen B. and Miguel Carranza
Ryan, Ellen B. and Richard J. Sebastian
2017a Mannfjöldi eftir fæðingarlandi. [Population according to the country of birth.] Retrieved from http://www.hagstofa.is, accessed October 13, 2017.
2017b Leikskólabörnum og starfsfólki fækkar á leikskólum fækkar. [Number of children and employees in playschools decreases.] Retrieved from https://hagstofa.is/utgafur/frettasafn/menntun/leikskolar–2016/, accessed May 3, 2018.
Stefánsdóttir, Lilja Björk
Tajfel, Henri and John Turner