Chapter published in:Language Variation – European Perspectives VIII: Selected papers from the Tenth International Conference on Language Variation in Europe (ICLaVE 10), Leeuwarden, June 2019
Edited by Hans Van de Velde, Nanna Haug Hilton and Remco Knooihuizen
[Studies in Language Variation 25] 2021
► pp. 270–289
Leaders of language change
Macro and micro perspectives
Questions about who leads language change have been central to the sociolinguistic literature for decades. More recent work on covariation between simultaneous changes calls into question whether broad, generalized change leadership can exist. Using data from Philadelphia, I show that covariation patterns fluctuate over time. These fluctuations are not random but rather appear to be tied to the overall diachronic shifts in the community. However, I also suggest that predicting individual differences in covarying changes is not as simple as operationalizing the traits that have been captured in qualitative descriptions of particular leaders. I propose that reconciling these results requires distinguishing between individual leadership in Labov’s “saccadic” sense and the broader structure of how innovations covary within the community as a whole.
Keywords: sound change, English, covariation, coherence, individual differences, leaders
Baron-Cohen, Simon, Sally Wheelwright, Richard Skinner, Joanne Martin & Emma Clubley
Bates, Douglas, Martin Mächler, Ben Bolker & Steve Walker
Brysbaert, Marc & Boris New
Dodsworth, Robin & Mary Kohn
Drager, Katie & Jennifer Hay
Feehand, Dennis M. & Matthew J. Salganik
2014 The Networkreporting Package. http://cran.r-project.org/package=networkreporting
2019 Is phonetic target uniformity phonologically, or sociolinguistically grounded? In Marija Tabain, Paul Warren, Sasha Calhoun & Paola Escudero (eds.), Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Melbourne, Australia 2019, 681–85. Canberra, Australia: Australasian Speech Science Technology Association Inc.
Goldberg, Lewis R.
Guy, Gregory R.
Guy, Gregory R. & Frans Hinskens
John, Oliver P. & Sanjay Srivastava
Kassambara, Alboukadel & Fabian Mundt
2017 Factoextra: Extract and visualize the results of multivariate data analyses. https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=factoextra
Kingston, John, Stephanie Rich, Alice Shen & Shifra Sered
Labov, William & Ingrid Rosenfelder
Labov, William, Ingrid Rosenfelder & Josef Fruehwald
Maclagan, Margaret A., Elizabeth Gordon & Gillian Lewis
McCormick, Tyler H., Matthew J. Salganik & Tian Zheng
Milroy, James & Lesley Milroy
Milroy, Lesley & James Milroy
Nevalainen, Terttu, Helene Raumolin-Brunberg & Heikki Mannila
Rosenfelder, Ingrid, Josef Fruehwald, Keelan Evanini & Jiahong Yuan
2015 A community divided: Co-occurrence in retreat from local features. Poster presented at UKLVC 10, University of York, Sept. 2.
Stewart, Mary E. & Mitsuhiko Ota
Wagner, Suzanne Evans & Ashley Hesson
Waters, Cathleen & Sali Tagliamonte
Yu, Alan C. L.
Yu, Alan C. L., Carissa Abrego-Collier & Morgan Sonderegger
Yu, Alan C. L., Julian Grove, Martina Martinovic & Morgan Sonderegger