Grammatical Variation across Space and Time

The French interrogative system

Martin Elsig | University of Hamburg
ISBN 9789027234834 | EUR 105.00 | USD 158.00
ISBN 9789027290373 | EUR 105.00 | USD 158.00
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Interrogative clauses in French show abundant variation, especially with regard to the position of the subject vis-à-vis the finite verb, the placement of the wh-word, and the use of question markers such as est-ce que and ti/tu. This book presents a comprehensive study of the evolution and use of French interrogative constructions across a time span of approximately five hundred years by drawing on written sources (15th to 17th century) and oral data (19th and 20th century). Special attention is paid to the regional variation between European French and Quebec French. A variationist analysis reveals the relevant sociolinguistic factors conditioning variant choice. On the basis of the results obtained, the syntax of the different variants is modeled within the framework of generative grammar. In particular, the progressive diachronic decline and restriction of subject-verb inversion is argued to mirror the loss of verb movement. This book is of interest to anyone concerned with syntactic variation and change.
[Studies in Language Variation, 3] 2009.  xvi, 282 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Cited by

Cited by 33 other publications

Adli, Aria
2017. Variation in style. In Language Variation - European Perspectives VI [Studies in Language Variation, 19],  pp. 157 ff. DOI logo
Antes, Theresa A.
2016. French Interrogative Structures: A New Pedagogical Norm for the 21st‐Century Classroom. Foreign Language Annals 49:3  pp. 596 ff. DOI logo
Arroyo, José Luis Blas
2015. The scope of language contact as a constraint factor in language change: The periphrasishaber deplus infinitive in a corpus of language immediacy in modern Spanish. International Journal of Bilingualism 19:5  pp. 499 ff. DOI logo
Auger, Julie & Anne-José Villeneuve
2019. Building on an old feature inlangue d’Oïl: interrogatives in Vimeu Picard. Journal of French Language Studies 29:2  pp. 209 ff. DOI logo
Auger, Julie & Anne-José Villeneuve
2021. Étude comparative des particules interrogatives en picard et dans deux variétés de français parlées au Canada. Langue française N° 212:4  pp. 57 ff. DOI logo
Bally, Anne-Sophie
2023. C’est où la reunion ? ou la demande d’identification. Langue française N° 218:2  pp. 29 ff. DOI logo
Bally, Anne-Sophie, F. Neveu, S. Prévost, A. Steuckardt, G. Bergounioux & B. Hamma
2022. Les interrogatives totales en français québécois dans l’écrit SMS : à la croisée de l’oral et de l’écrit. SHS Web of Conferences 138  pp. 12006 ff. DOI logo
Bergeron-Maguire, Myriam, Gaétane Dostie & Florence Lefeuvre
2024. Les procédés (morpho-)syntaxiques de l’interrogation totale directe en français québécois des années 2000 : l’as-tu lu ?, tu l’as-tu lu ?, est-ce que tu l’as lu ?. Langue française N° 221:1  pp. 21 ff. DOI logo
Blas Arroyo, José Luis & Javier Vellón Lahoz
2015. The refuge of a dying variant within the grammar: Patterns of change and continuity in the Spanish verbal periphrasishaber de + infinitive over the past two centuries. Language Variation and Change 27:1  pp. 89 ff. DOI logo
Boucher, Paul
2010. L'interrogation partielle en français : l'interface syntaxe / sémantique. Syntaxe & Sémantique N° 11:1  pp. 55 ff. DOI logo
Celle, Agnès
2024. The epistemic conditional in polar questions as an argumentative strategy. Folia Linguistica 0:0 DOI logo
Comeau, Philip
2016. An extension of the comparative sociolinguistics approach for sociosyntax. Linguistic Variation 16:2  pp. 183 ff. DOI logo
Comeau, Philip, Ruth King & Carmen L. LeBlanc
2022. Continuity and change in the evolution of French yes-no questions. Diachronica 39:5  pp. 616 ff. DOI logo
Côté, Marie-Hélène & Anne-José Villeneuve
2017. La norme orale en français laurentien. Arborescences: Revue d'études françaises :7  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
Dion, Nathalie
2023. A question of change: Putting five complementary measures to the test with French polar interrogatives. Language Variation and Change 35:3  pp. 247 ff. DOI logo
Guryev, Alexander & François Delafontaine
2022. Étude de trois variantes de l’interrogation totale en français. Lingvisticae Investigationes 45:1  pp. 52 ff. DOI logo
Isac, Daniela & Justin Royer
2020. Clause typing and Quebec French -tu. In Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory 16 [Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory, 16],  pp. 156 ff. DOI logo
Kanikli, Antri & George Tsoulas
2019. ‘Embu’ <i>Wh</i>- questions in Cypriot Greek: A comparative study. Glossa: a journal of general linguistics 4:1 DOI logo
Kato, Mary Aizawa
2020. Chapter 5. Wh-questions in Brazilian Portuguese and Quebec French. In Brazilian Portuguese, Syntax and Semantics [Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today, 260],  pp. 136 ff. DOI logo
Larrivée, Pierre & Alexander Guryev
2021. Variantes formelles de l’interrogation. Présentation. Langue française N° 212:4  pp. 9 ff. DOI logo
Meisel, Jürgen M., Martin Elsig & Matthias Bonnesen
2011. Delayed grammatical acquisition in first language development. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 1:4  pp. 347 ff. DOI logo
Poplack, Shana
2021. Le corpus comme portail pour l’étude de la variation (socio)linguistique*. Corpus :22 DOI logo
2012. What counts as (contact-induced) change. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 15:2  pp. 247 ff. DOI logo
Reinhardt, Janina, F. Neveu, G. Bergounioux, M.-H. Côté, J.-M. Fournier, L. Hriba & S. Prévost
2016. Établir un corpus oral de questions : L’analyse semi-automatisée avec Praat et Perl à l’exemple de cinq épisodes deMaya l’Abeille. SHS Web of Conferences 27  pp. 11007 ff. DOI logo
Rodríguez Molina, Javier & Andrés Enrique-Arias
2018. Chapter 11. Si as a Q-particle in Old Spanish. In Studies in Historical Ibero-Romance Morpho-Syntax [Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics, 16],  pp. 249 ff. DOI logo
Romaine, Suzanne
2017. Social Conditioning. In The Cambridge Handbook of Historical Syntax,  pp. 534 ff. DOI logo
Rosemeyer, Malte
2019. Brazilian Portuguese <i>in-situ wh</i>-interrogatives between rhetoric and change. Glossa: a journal of general linguistics 4:1 DOI logo
Rosemeyer, Malte
2019. Actual and apparent change in Brazilian Portuguese wh-interrogatives. Language Variation and Change 31:2  pp. 165 ff. DOI logo
Rossi-Gensane, Nathalie, Luisa Fernanda Acosta Córdoba, Biagio Ursi & Margot Lambert
2021. Les structures interrogatives directes partielles fondées sur où dans les dialogues de romans français du XXesiècle. Journal of French Language Studies 31:2  pp. 169 ff. DOI logo
Tailleur, Sandrine
2014. The French wh interrogative system. In Variation within and across Romance Languages [Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 333],  pp. 315 ff. DOI logo
Tailleur, Sandrine
2023. Partial interrogatives in Quebec French: a diachronic look at a spreading variant. Journal of French Language Studies  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
Terkourafi, Marina
2011. The pragmatic variable: Toward a procedural interpretation. Language in Society 40:3  pp. 343 ff. DOI logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 16 april 2024. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.


Main BIC Subject

CFF: Historical & comparative linguistics

Main BISAC Subject

LAN009000: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
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ONIX 2.1
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U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2008050226 | Marc record