Words, Phrases, Pauses and Boundaries
Evidence from South American Indian Languages
This paper discusses the phonological properties of words and phrases in two Northern Arawak languages of the Upper Rio Negro, Brazil. These features are h-prosody, vowel harmony triggered by the glottal fricative h, vowel nasalization and vowel diphthongization. A feature that is used to mark a word in one language may mark a phrase in the other. There is a regular interdependence between morphemes and syllables. The most unusual characteristic of the languages is the existence of pausal forms which mark phrase-final and utterance-final boundaries. The phonological character of pause marking devices, viewed cross-linguistically, contradicts a wide-spread assumption about the entirely phonetic realization of pauses.
Published online: 01 January 1996
Cited by 6 other publications
Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y.
Hyman, Larry M. & Kemmonye C. Monaka
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