Article in:Studies in Language: Online-First Articles
Creating versatility in Thai demonstratives
Beyond their basic function to index exophoric and endophoric referents, Thai demonstratives have a host of pragmatic functions to encode concerns regarding discourse organization, subjectivity, and intersubjectivity. Based on a detailed analysis of demonstratives used in conversation, we attempt to uncover the pattern of grammaticalization for this class of words in Thai, and to propose a mechanism that allows them to develop multiple functions. Since demonstratives are indexical signs and are qualitatively distinct from content words, we must view the grammaticalization process of demonstratives differently from that of content words. In this paper, we use the model of the joint attention triangle based on Diessel’s earlier work and the functional utterance frame based on the “attractor position” analysis for grammaticalization of nouns and verbs advanced by Bisang (1996) to analyze how exactly demonstratives come to acquire pragmatic functions.
Keywords: demonstratives, Thai, pragmatic uses, grammaticalization, indexical sign, joint attention triangle, functional utterance frame, Salient Information Marking, Topic Marking, Conditional Marking, Stance Marking, Discourse Attention Marking, Hedge Marking, Reactive Response Marking
- 2.Semantic, syntactic, and functional characteristics of Thai demonstratives in their basic uses
- 3.The data: Lunchbreak Conversation
- 4.Basic uses in the data
- 5.Pragmatic uses in the data
- 5.1Salient Information Marking (SI)
- 5.2Topic Marking (TOP)
- 5.3Conditional Marking (COND)
- 5.4Stance Marking (STC)
- 5.5Hedge Marking (HDG)
- 5.6Discourse Attention Marking (DA)
- 5.7Reactive Response Marking (RR)
Published online: 10 November 2021
Anderson, Stephen R. & Edward Keenan
Arcodia, Giorgio Francesco
Barth-Weingarten, Dagmar & Elisabeth Couper-Kuhlen
Beeching, Kate & Ulrich Detges
2004 Grammaticalization without coevolution of form and meaning: The case of tense-aspect in East and mainland Southeast Asia. In Bisang, Walter, Nikolaus P. Himmelmann & Björn Wiemer (eds.), What makes grammaticalization? A look from its fringes and its components, 109–138. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
Brinton, Laurel J.
Brinton, Laurel J. & Elizabeth ClossTraugott
Bybee, Joan L., Perkins, Revere D. & Pagliuca, William
Clark, Herbert H. & Eveline V. Clark
Cooke, Joseph R.
de Vries, Lourens
Degand, Liesbeth & Anne-Marie Simon-Vandenbergen
Degand, Liesbeth & Jacqueline Evers-Vermeul
Du Bois, John W.
Enfield, Nick J.
Foley, William A. & Robert D. Van Valin Jr.
Ford, Cecilia E.
Hancil, Sylvie, Alexander Haselow & Margje Post
Hanks, William F.
Hayashi, Makoto & Kyung-eun Yoon
Heine, Bernd, Gunther Kaltenböck & Tania Kuteva
Heine, Bernd & Mechthild Reh
Himmelmann, Nikolaus P.
Hopper, Paul J. & Elizabeth Closs Traugott
Forthcoming). Stance triangle and double dialogicality. Text and Talk Special Issue.
Iwasaki, Shoichi & Preeya Ingkaphirom
Iwasaki, & Preeya Ingkaphirom
Kaltenböck, Gunther, Bernd Heine & Tania Kuteva
Lewis, Diana M.
1987 The grammatical nature and discourse power of demonstratives. Proceedings of the 13th Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (BLS 13 1987), 184–194. Available at: https://journals.linguisticsociety.org/proceedings/index.php/BLS/article/view/1824/1596 (last access 17 October 2021).
Naess, Åshild, Anna Margetts & Yvonne Treis
1972 A socio-linguistic study of pronominal strategy in spoken Bangkok Thai. Austin: University of Texas at Austin PhD dissertation.
Sakita, Tomoko I.
Sidner, Candace L.
Tabor, Whitney & Elizabeth Closs Traugott
Takubo, Yukinori & Satoshi Kinsui
Traugott, Elizabeth Closs
1995 The role of the development of discourse markers in a theory of grammaticalization. Paper presented at the ICHL XII, Manchester. Version of 11/97. Available at http://www.stanford.edu/~traugott/ect-papersonline.html (last access 17 October 2021).
Traugott, Elizabeth Closs & Richard B. Dasher
Wittayapanyanon (Saito), Sunisa
2017 Study of pragmatic final particles in “Corpus data on spoken Thai”. Journal of Asian and African Studies, 941. 111–136. Available at http://22.214.171.124/bitstream/10108/90284/1/jaas094003_ful.pdf (last access 17 October 2021).