Vedic preverbs as markers of valency-changing derivations
Transitivity and objecthood in Indo-European (Evidence from Old Indo-Aryan)
The present paper offers an analysis of the transitivizing and intransitivizing preverbs (semi-bound verbal prefixes) in Vedic Sanskrit. I will argue that the (in)transitivizing force of these morphemes is weak: the passivization test shows that transitivizing preverbs only exceptionally make fundamentally intransitive verbs true transitives, whilst the only intransitivizing preverb ví has but a rather limited valency-changing capacity.
Keywords: passive, applicative, Sanskrit, Indo-European, Vedic, direct object, transitivity, transitivizer, objecthood, preverb, tmesis, reciprocal, passivization test, intransitivizer
Published online: 25 January 2013
Cited by 2 other publications
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