In this paper, we illustrate a method for identifying clusters of semantic roles by cross-linguistic comparison. On the basis of data from 25 languages drawn from the ValPaL (Valency Patterns Leipzig) database, we show how one can visualize coexpression tendencies using quantitative methods (in particular, multidimensional scaling). Traditionally, the coexpression of semantic microroles (such as the breaker and the broken thing of the ‘break’ verb, the helper and the helpee of the ‘help’ verb, etc.) has been studied for particular languages, with generalized macroroles such as “agent”, “actor”, and “undergoer” being compared across languages in a next step. We set up a conceptual space of 87 microroles based on their coexpression tendencies, i.e. the extent to which they are expressed identically (via flagging and indexing) across our languages. The individual coding means (cases, adpositions, index-sets) can then be mapped onto this conceptual space, revealing broader alignment patterns.
1974Concessives, conditionals, and verbs of volition. Foundations of Language 11(3). 341–359.
Hartmann, Iren, Martin Haspelmath & Bradley Taylor
(eds.)2013Valency Patterns Leipzig. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. ([URL])
2003The geometry of grammatical meaning: Semantic maps and cross-linguistic comparison. In Michael Tomasello (ed.), The new psychology of language: Cognitive and functional approaches to language structure, vol. 21, 211–242. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
2010Comparative concepts and descriptive categories in cross-linguistic studies. Language 86(3). 663–687.
2011On S, A, P, T, and R as comparative concepts for alignment typology. Lingustic Typology 15(3). 535–567.
Haspelmath, Martin & Iren Hartmann
2014+ (to appear). Comparing verbal valency across languages. In Bernard Comrie & Andrej L. Malchukov (eds.), Valency classes: A comparative handbook. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.
Kibrik, Aleksandr E
1997Beyond subject and object: Toward a comprehensive relational typology. Linguistic Typology 1(3). 279–346.
2013Alignment preferences in basic and derived ditransitives. In Dik Bakker & Martin Haspelmath (eds.), Languages across boundaries: Studies in memory of Anna Siewierska, 263–289. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.
Newmeyer, Frederick J
2005Possible and probable languages: A generative perspective on linguistic typology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
1998Language form and language function. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
2008Why are stative-active languages rare in Eurasia? A typological perspective on split-subject marking. In Mark Donohue & Søren Wichmann (eds.), The typology of semantic alignment, 121–140. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
R Development Core Team
2012R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. [URL].
Van Valin, Robert D., Jr
2005Exploring the syntax-semantics interface. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
2009Motion events in parallel texts: A study in primary-data typology. Bern: University of Bern Habilitationsschrift.
Wälchli, Bernhard & Michael Cysouw
2012Lexical typology through similarity semantics: Toward a semantic map of motion verbs. Linguistics 50(3). 671–710.
Cited by 17 other publications
2022. On two mathematical representations for “semantic maps”. Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft 41:1 ► pp. 67 ff.
Croft, William & Meagan Vigus
2020. Event Causation and Force Dynamics in Argument Structure Constructions. In Perspectives on Causation [Jerusalem Studies in Philosophy and History of Science, ], ► pp. 151 ff.
2023. Visualizing the conceptual space of pluractionality. STUF - Language Typology and Universals 76:1 ► pp. 31 ff.
García-Miguel, José M. & María del Carmen Cabeza-Pereiro
2022. Argument and Verb Meaning Clustering From Expression Forms in LSE. Frontiers in Psychology 13
Georgakopoulos, Thanasis & Stéphane Polis
2018. The semantic map model: State of the art and future avenues for linguistic research. Language and Linguistics Compass 12:2 ► pp. e12270 ff.
2016. Why we need a token-based typology: A case study of analytic and lexical causatives in fifteen European languages. Folia Linguistica 50:2
Rissman, Lilia & Asifa Majid
2019. Thematic roles: Core knowledge or linguistic construct?. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 26:6 ► pp. 1850 ff.
Rissman, Lilia, Saskia van Putten & Asifa Majid
2022. Evidence for a Shared Instrument Prototype from English, Dutch, and German. Cognitive Science 46:5
2019. Isomorphic co-expression of nominal predication subdomains: An Indo-Iranian case study
. Journal of South Asian Languages and Linguistics 6:1 ► pp. 59 ff.
2020. Fifty shades of grue: Indeterminate categories and induction in and out of the language sciences. Linguistic Typology 24:3 ► pp. 465 ff.
V S, Akshaya, Beatriz Lucia Salvador Bizotto & Mithileysh Sathiyanarayanan
2023. Human Intelligence and Value of Machine Advancements in Cognitive Science A Design thinking Approach. Journal of Machine and Computing► pp. 159 ff.
van der Klis, Martijn & Jos Tellings
2022. Generating semantic maps through multidimensional scaling: linguistic applications and theory. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory 18:3 ► pp. 627 ff.
2021. A Review and Perspective of Studies on Semantic Map in Chinese Language: 2003~2021. Modern Linguistics 09:05 ► pp. 1334 ff.
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 8 september 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers.
Any errors therein should be reported to them.