Article published in:Advances in research on semantic roles
Edited by Seppo Kittilä and Fernando Zúñiga
[Studies in Language 38:3] 2014
► pp. 485–511
Semantic role clustering
An empirical assessment of semantic role types in non-default case assignment
This paper seeks to determine to what extent there is cross-linguistic evidence for postulating clusters of predicate-specific semantic roles such as experiencer, cognizer, possessor, etc. For this, we survey non-default case assignments in a sample of 141 languages and annotate the associated predicates for cross-linguistically recurrent semantic roles, such as ‘the one who feels cold’, ‘the one who eats sth.’, ‘the thing that is being eaten’. We then determine to what extent these roles are treated alike across languages, i.e. repeatedly grouped together under the same non-default case marker or under the same specific alternation with a non-default marker. Applying fuzzy cluster and NeighborNet algorithms to these data reveals cross-linguistic evidence for role clusters around experiencers, undergoers of body processes, and cognizers/perceivers in one- and two-place predicates; and around sources and transmitted speech in three-place predicates. No support emerges from non-default case assignment for any other role clusters that are traditionally assumed (e.g. for any distinctions among objects of two-argument predicates, or for distinctions between themes and instruments).
Published online: 30 September 2014
Cited by 6 other publications
Hellan, Lars, Andrej Malchukov & Michela Cennamo
Rissman, Lilia & Asifa Majid
Roberts, Seán G.
Verbeke, Saartje, Leonid Kulikov & Klaas Willems
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 21 april 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.
Arkadiev, Peter M.
Bickel, Balthasar & Johanna Nichols
Bickel, Balthasar, Manoj Rai, Netra Paudyal, Goma Banjade, Toya Nath Bhatta, Martin Gaenszle, Elena Lieven, Iccha Purna Rai, Novel K. Rai & Sabine Stoll
Bresnan, Joan & Jonni Kanerva
Bryant, David & Vincent Moulton
Comrie, Bernard & Andrej Malchukov
(eds.) In press Valency classes: A comparative handbook Berlin de Gruyter Mouton
Dalrymple, Mary & Irina Nikolaeva
Dryer, Matthew S.
Holisky, Dee A.
Huson, Daniel H. & David Bryant
Kaufman, Leonard & Peter J. Rousseeuw
Maechler, Martin, Peter J. Rousseeuw, Anja Struyf & Mia Hubert
2005 cluster: Cluster analysis basics and extensions. R package, http://www.R-project.org/.
Malchukov, Andrej, Martin Haspelmath & Bernard Comrie
Nichols, Johanna, Alena Witzlack-Makarevich & Balthasar Bickel
2013 The autotyp genealogy and geography database: 2013 release. Electronic database, http://www.uzh.ch/spw/autotyp.
2006 Mismatches in semantic role hierarchies and the dimensions of role semantics. In Ina Bornkessel, Matthias Schlesewsky, Bernard Comrie & Angela D. Friederici (eds.), Semantic role universals and argument linking: Theoretical, typological and psycholinguistic perspectives, 53–87. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
R Development Core Team
2013 R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna: R Foundation for Statistical Computing, http://www.r-project.org.
2011 Nekanoničeskoe markirovanie aktantov mnogomestnyx predikatov: opyt kvantitativno-tipologičeskogo issledovanija. Acta Linguistica Petropolitana 7. 424–430 [http://iling.spb.ru/pdf/alp/alp_VII_3.pdf].
Van Valin, Robert D., Jr
Van Valin, Robert D., Jr. & David P. Wilkins