Most scholars agree that grammatical borrowing is a serious obstacle to syntactic reconstruction, but to date there have been few proposed solutions to this methodological conundrum. In this paper I propose a method, couched in a constructional view of language, for mitigating the problem of borrowing in syntactic reconstruction. The method begins with the reconstruction of partially schematic constructions, whose phonological material can be tested for cognacy. Fully schematic reconstructions are then achieved via generalizations made over sets of reconstructed constructions. I exemplify the effectiveness of this method by applying it to two pieces of grammar from the Sogeram languages of Papua New Guinea: clause chain nominalization and the desiderative construction. The method allows the reconstruction of the former, but identifies the latter as a likely grammatical borrowing and therefore not reconstructable to Proto-Sogeram.
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2010A preliminary phonological history of the Sogeram languages of Papua New Guinea. Oceanic Linguistics 49(1). 163–193.
2015A reconstruction of Proto-Sogeram: Phonology, lexicon, and morphosyntax. University of California, Santa Barbara Ph.D. dissertation.
2016Magɨ: An undocumented language of Papua New Guinea. Oceanic Linguistics 55(1). 199–224.
2005Configurationality in the languages of New Guinea. Australian Journal of Linguistics 25(2). 181–218.
2007Grammatical borrowing in Hup. In Yaron Matras & Jeanette Sakel (eds.), Grammatical borrowing in cross-linguistic perspective (Empirical Approaches to Language Typology 38), 551–565. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
2013Inheritance, calquing, or independent innovation? Reconstructing morphological complexity in Amazonian numerals. Journal of Language Contact 6(2). 329–357. .
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Langacker, Ronald W.
1987Foundations of cognitive grammar, Vol I: Theoretical prerequisites. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Lightfoot, David W.
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Lightfoot, David W.
2002bMore myths. Journal of Linguistics 38(3). 619–626.
Mallory, James P. & Douglas Q. Adams
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2005The chequered career of the Trans New Guinea hypothesis: Recent research and its implications. In Andrew Pawley, Robert Attenborough, Jack Golson & Robin Hide (eds.), Papuan pasts: Cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples, 67–107. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
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2012How reconstructible is Proto Trans New Guinea? Problems, progress, prospects. In Harald Hammarström & Wilco van den Heuvel (eds.), History, contact and classification of Papuan languages (Special issue of Language and Linguistics in Melanesia), 88–164.
1994Domain-creating constructions in Papuan languages. In Ger Reesink (ed.), Topics in descriptive Papuan linguistics (Semaian 10), 98–121. Leiden: Vakgroep Talen en Culturen van Zuidoost-Azië en Oceanië Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden.
1997Switch-reference in Papua New Guinea: A preliminary survey. In Andrew Pawley (ed.), Papers in Papuan linguistics No. 3 (Pacific Linguistics A 87), 101–241. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
1996Contact-induced change and the comparative method: Cases from Papua New Guinea. In Mark Durie & Malcolm Ross (eds.), The comparative method reviewed: Regularity and irregularity in language change, 180–217. New York: Oxford University Press.
2005Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages. In Andrew Pawley, Robert Attenborough, Jack Golson & Robin Hide (eds.), Papuan pasts: Cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples, 15–65. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
2007Calquing and metatypy. Journal of Language Contact 1(1). 116–143.
2008A history of metatypy in the Bel languages. Journal of Language Contact 2(1). 149–164. .
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 8 september 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers.
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