Leitmotifs in Natural Morphology

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Natural Morphology is the term the four authors of this monograph agreed on to cover the leitmotifs of their common and individual approaches in questions of theoretical morphology. The introduction summarizes the basic concepts and strategies of Natural Morphology, to be followed by Mayerthaler who deals with universal properties of inflectional morphology, and Wurzel with typological ones which depend on language specific properties of inflectional systems, and Dressler with universal and typological properties of word formation. The final chapter by Panagl is an indepth study of diachronic evidence for productivity in word formation and for the overlap of word formation with inflectional morphology.
[Studies in Language Companion Series, 10]  1987.  ix, 168 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Preface
A. Introduction
I. Introduction
3
1. What is naturalness?
3
2. Inflection and word formation
4
3. Towards a theory of morphological naturalness
7
4. The structure of a theory of naturalness
8
5. Evidence for naturalness
12
6. The semiotic framework of natural morphology
15
7. Divergences and convergences among proponents of natural approaches to morphology
18
Notes
20
B. Naturalness in Inflection
I. System-independent morphological naturalness
Willi Mayerthaler
25
0. Introduction
25
1. Universal grammar and markedness
31
2. Preference theories
33
3. Some other prerequisites of theoretical morphology
42
4. Principles of morphological markedness theory
48
5. What is a ‘theory’?
52
6. Appendix on attractors in catastrophe theory
55
Notes
57
II. System-dependent morphological naturalness in inflection
Wolfgang Ullrich Wurzel
59
0. Naturalness, morphology and language system
59
1. System-dependent naturalness I: System-congruity
62
2. System-dependent naturalness II: Stability of inflectional classes
76
3. System-congruity and class-stability: Productivity in inflectional morphology
87
4. Naturalness principles of inflectional morphology
92
Notes
94
C. Naturalness in Word Formation
I. Word formation as part of natural morphology
Wolfgang U. Dressler
99
1. Introduction
99
2. Iconicity in word formation
101
3. Indexicality in word formation
110
4. The scale of (bi)uniqueness in word formation
111
5. Signans shapes adequate for motivation in word formation
116
6. Typological adequacy of word formation rules
118
7. System adequacy (congruity) of word formation rules
121
8. Inflection vs. derivation again
123
Notes
124
II. Productivity and diachronic change in morphology
Oswald Panagl
127
0. Introduction
127
1. Interpretations of productivity
128
2. Vedic root-nouns and Ancient Greek diminutives
132
3. Semantic predictability (transparency)
133
4. Transition from word formation into inflection
134
5. Hierarchy of productivity in types of word formation
136
6. Conclusion on productivity in corpus languages: The Latine Supine in -(t)uma Case Study of Categorial Change
137
7. From derivational to inflectional morphology
137
8. Reasons for loss of productivity
143
9. Indo-European cognates
149
Notes
150
Abbreviations
153
General bibliography
155
Subject index
165
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Subjects
BIC Subject: CF – Linguistics
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  87021791 | Marc record