Cross-Linguistic Semantics

Editor
| University of New England
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027205698 | EUR 120.00 | USD 180.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027291370 | EUR 120.00 | USD 180.00
 
Cross-linguistic semantics – investigating how languages package and express meanings differently – is central to the linguistic quest to understand the nature of human language. This set of studies explores and demonstrates cross-linguistic semantics as practised in the natural semantic metalanguage (NSM) framework, originated by Anna Wierzbicka. The opening chapters give a state-of-the-art overview of the NSM model, propose several theoretical innovations and advance a number of original analyses in connection with names and naming, clefts and other specificational sentences, and discourse anaphora. Subsequent chapters describe and analyse diverse phenomena in ten languages from multiple families, geographical locations, and cultural settings around the globe. Three substantial studies document how the metalanguage of NSM semantic primes can be realised in languages of widely differing types: Amharic (Ethiopia), Korean, and East Cree. Each constitutes a lexicogrammatical portrait in miniature of the language concerned. Other chapters probe topics such as inalienable possession in Koromu (Papua New Guinea), epistemic verbs in Swedish, hyperpolysemy in Bunuba (Australia), the expression of "momentariness" in Berber, ethnogeometry in Makasai (East Timor), value concepts in Russian, and “virtuous emotions” in Japanese. This book will be valuable for linguists working on language description, lexical semantics, or the semantics of grammar, for advanced students of linguistics, and for others interested in language universals and language diversity.
[Studies in Language Companion Series, 102]  2008.  xvi, 356 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements
xi
List of contributors
xiii
List of tables, figures and appendices
xv–xvi
Part I. The Natural Semantic Metalanguage theory
1. Natural Semantic Metalanguage: The state of the art
Cliff Goddard
1–34
2. New semantic primes and new syntactic frames: "Specificational BE" and "abstract THIS/IT"
Cliff Goddard and Anna Wierzbicka
35–57
3. Towards a systematic table of semantic elements
Cliff Goddard
59–81
Part II. Whole metalanguage studies
4. Semantic primes in Amharic
Mengistu Amberber
83–119
5. The Natural Semantic Metalanguage of Korean
Kyung-Joo Yoon
121–162
6. Semantic primes and their grammar in a polysynthetic language: East Cree
Marie-Odile Junker
163–204
Part III. Problems in semantic metalanguage
7. Hyperpolysemy in Bunuba, a polysynthetic language of the Kimberley, Western Australia
Emily Knight
205–223
8. Re-thinking THINK in contrastive perspective: Swedish vs. English
Cliff Goddard and Susanna Karlsson
225–240
9. Identification and syntax of semantic prime MOMENT in Tarifyt Berber
Noureddine Elouazizi and Radoslava Trnavac
241–258
Part IV. Semantic studies across languages
10. The ethnogeometry of Makasai (East Timor)
Anna Brotherson
259–276
11. The semantics of "inalienable possession" in Koromu (PNG)
Carol Priestley
277–299
12. Tolerance: New and traditional values in Russian in comparison with English
Anna Gladkova
301–329
13. Two "virtuous emotions" in Japanese: Nasake/joo and jihi
Rie Hasada
331–347
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Subjects
BIC Subject: CFG – Semantics, Pragmatics, Discourse Analysis
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2008006977