Article published in:The Diachronic Typology of Non-Canonical Subjects
Edited by Ilja A. Seržant and Leonid Kulikov
[Studies in Language Companion Series 140] 2013
► pp. 73–90
Non-canonical subject marking
Genitive subjects in Classical Armenian
Classical Armenian shows genitive case-marking of the subject of transitive predicates based on the participle ending in -eal, while the subject of intransitive predicates has nominative case marking. In the passive construction, which uses the same participle, the subject is also marked as nominative. The genitive-subject construction is unusual in itself given that Armenian has nominative case marking of the subject of both transitive and intransitive predicates not based on the participle ending in -eal (i.e. in the present/imperfect and the aorist). Following Meillet and others, it can be argued that the basis of this construction is a possessive construction with a verbal noun that was integrated into the verbal paradigm as a participle and gradually lost nominal features.
Published online: 29 November 2013
Cited by 3 other publications
Luraghi, Silvia, Guglielmo Inglese & Daniel Kölligan
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