Article published in:Language Description Informed by Theory
Edited by Rob Pensalfini, Myfany Turpin and Diana Guillemin
[Studies in Language Companion Series 147] 2014
► pp. 283–316
Nominals as adjuncts or arguments
Further evidence from language mixing
Generativists have argued that nominals in non-configurational languages such as Warlpiri do not have the status of arguments. This paper provides new evidence for this claim from an unlikely source: code-switching between Kriol, an English-based creole, and Gurindji, a Ngumpin-Yapa language closely related to Warlpiri. In Gurindji-Kriol code-switching, case-marked nominals are non-obligatory and, where they do occur, they are cross-referenced with a pronoun. This pattern is found even where Kriol sets the morpho-syntactic frame and provides the pronouns. The structure reflects that of monolingual Gurindji where bound pronouns are obligatory and nominals are optional. Given the resistance of inflectional morphology to switching, it is unexpected to find Gurindji case-marked nominals present in an otherwise Kriol morpho-syntactic frame. Nonetheless, structural material can enter into a code-switched clause via structural islands which do not participate in the predicate argument structure of the code-switched clause. This paper argues that case-marked nominals are structural islands and this adjunct-like structure must have been available in the source language, Gurindji, thereby providing further evidence for the non-argument status of Gurindji nominals.
Published online: 28 January 2014
Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. & Robert M.W. Dixon
Austin, Peter & Bresnan, Joan
DiSciullo, Anne-Marie, Muysken, Pieter & Singh, Rajendra
. 1996. ‘Cat’ as a Phrasal Idiom. Ms, Boston.
McConvell, Patrick & Laughren, Mary
McConvell, Patrick & Meakins, Felicity
Meakins, Felicity & Nordlinger, Rachel
. To appear. A Grammar of Bilinarra, an Australian Aboriginal Language of the Victoria River District (NT) . Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
. 2005. Substrate Language Influence in Kriol: The Application of Transfer Constraints to Language Contact in Northern Australia. PhD dissertation, University of New England.
. 2010. Referring Expressions and Referential Practice in Roper Kriol(Northern Territory, Australia). PhD dissertation, University of New England.
Nortier, Jacomine M.
. 1992. Degrees of Freedom: Word order in Pama-Nyungan Languages. Honours dissertation, University of Western Australia.
Pfaff, Carol W.
Sandefur, John & Harris, John
Schultze-Berndt, Eva, Meakins, Felicity & Angelo, Denise
. To appear. Kriol. In Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Structures , Vol I, Susanne Michaelis, Philippe Maurer, Martin Haspelmath & Magnus Huber (eds), Oxford: OUP.
Thomason, Sarah Grey & Kaufman, Terrence
Cited by other publications
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 27 december 2020. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.