Article published in:On Diversity and Complexity of Languages Spoken in Europe and North and Central Asia
Edited by Pirkko Suihkonen and Lindsay J. Whaley
[Studies in Language Companion Series 164] 2014
► pp. 203–220
Areal features of copula sentences in Karaim as spoken in Lithuania
The paper deals with copula clauses in Karaim, a highly endangered Kipchak Turkic language spoken in Lithuania. Karaim has been dominated by the non-Turkic (Baltic and Slavic) languages of the area. Though Karaim has acquired many properties not typical of Turkic it has preserved its Turkic morphological inventory to the extent that typical Turkic categories are still marked by genuine Turkic formatives (Csató 2012, 2013). Notwithstanding this remarkable sustainability, the paper demonstrates how selective copying has in many cases changed morphosyntactic properties of the copula clauses. The contact-induced features are analyzed in the Code-Copying Model (Johanson 2002).
Keywords: Code-Copying Model, copula clauses, Karaim, language contact, Turkic
Published online: 17 December 2014
Csató, Éva Á.
Dahl, Östen & Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria
Heller, Daphna & Wolter, Lynsey
2000 Existential sentences. A contrastive study of English and Lithuanian. PhD dissertation, University of Bergen.
Rothstein, Robert A.
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2001 Nonverbal predication in the Circum-Baltic languages. In Dahl & Koptjevskaja-Tamm (eds), Vol.2, 569–590.
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