Article published in:On Diversity and Complexity of Languages Spoken in Europe and North and Central Asia
Edited by Pirkko Suihkonen and Lindsay J. Whaley
[Studies in Language Companion Series 164] 2014
► pp. 339–378
Evidentiality in Dzungar Tuvan
Dzungar Tuvan is a Turkic language variety spoken in North-West China. This article describes the strategies of Dzungar Tuvan to express information source both in finite and infinite sentences. In finite sentences, the interplay between the suffixes -D, GAn, -(I)pdur and the copula irgin provide the means to distinguish direct-perceptive, inferential and reportive type of evidentiality. The functions of these elements are, however, text type dependent. Regarding infinite or a temporal interpretation, can be subordinated to an omitted sentences, the direct or indirect reading of perception verbs will be discussed, which depends on the aspecto-temporal marking of the complement predicate. Converbial -sA clauses, which allow a conditional perception clause to which the finite main clause constitutes a complement.
Keywords: direct perception, Dzungar Tuvan, explicit evidentiality marking, inference, reported information, text type dependent speaker’s perspective, Turkic
Published online: 17 December 2014
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