Article published in:On Diversity and Complexity of Languages Spoken in Europe and North and Central Asia
Edited by Pirkko Suihkonen and Lindsay J. Whaley
[Studies in Language Companion Series 164] 2014
► pp. 401–420
The development of negation in the Transeurasian languages
In this article, the historical development of sentential negation is compared across the Japonic, Koreanic, Tungusic, Mongolic, and Turkic languages to make inferences about the expression of negation in the common Transeurasian proto-language. Integrating typological considerations, including grammaticalization theory, into the argumentation, the approach taken here differs from previous studies, which are limited to form–function comparison of individual markers. The historical development of negation in the Transeurasian languages is argued to involve a grammaticalization pathway whereby an independent negative verb developed into a preposed negative auxiliary and then, either transferred its inflection to the lexical verb to become an invariant preposed particle or, else, moved to a postposed position to become a suffix on the lexical verb. Taken together with the form–function correspondences of the negative markers, these correlations lead to the reconstruction of genealogically motivated cycles of grammaticalization in the Transeurasian family.
Keywords: cyclic grammaticalization, diachronic typology, genealogical relationship, negation, Transeurasian languages
Published online: 17 December 2014
van der Auwera, Johan
Johanson, Lars & Robbeets, Martine
Menges, Karl Heinrich
Miller, Roy Andrew
Nedjalkov, Igor V.
Nikolaeva, Irina Alekseevna
1999 A Grammar of Udehe. PhD dissertation, Leiden University.
Payne, John R.
Ramstedt, Gustaf John
Starostin, Sergej Anatolevič
Starostin, Sergej, Dybo, Anna & Mudrak, Oleg
Unger, Jim Marshall
2001 Japanese, Korean and Tungusic. Evidence for genetic relationship from verbal morphology. In Altaic Affinities, Proceedings of the 40th meeting of the PIAC, Provo, Utah 1997, David B. Honey & David C. Wright (eds), 183–202. Bloomington IN: Indiana University, Research Institute for Inner Asian Studies.
Whitman, John Bradford
1985 The Phonological Basis for the Comparison of Japanese and Korean. PhD dissertation, Harvard University.
Willis, David, Lucas, Christopher & Breibarth, Anne
Cited by 1 other publications
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 20 november 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.