Article published in:Adverbs: Functional and diachronic aspects
Edited by Karin Pittner, Daniela Elsner and Fabian Barteld
[Studies in Language Companion Series 170] 2015
► pp. 207–238
Comparative adverb syntax
A cartographic approach
In this paper I investigate the neutral structure of the Mittelfeld in Germanic (mainly German) and Romance (mainly French) languages following the cartographic approach (Cinque 1999, 2005, 2010; Kayne 1994, 2005; Cinque & Rizzi 2008; Laenzlinger 2011). Given the full VP-evacuation condition (Laenzlinger & Soare 2005a/b), all arguments, whether DPs or PPs, are probed out of the vP and reach their Case- or P-related position inside the Mittelfeld (Kayne 2002; Cinque 2010). Adverbs externally-merge as ordered specifiers of semantico-functional projections given Cinque’s (1999) hierarchy. Non-pronominal arguments may float among adverbs depending on their nature (subject, DP-object, PP-object) and their informational status. As for DP/PP adjuncts (the so-called adverbials), they merge in a domain higher than that of object arguments (Schweikert 2005). Given these assumptions I will show that Cinque’s (2010) left-right asymmetry holds for the derivational structure of the Mittelfeld when comparing V-final configurations (German) with V-initial configurations (French). For instance, if we take an adjunct (a locative adverbial), an object argument, a modal adverb and a manner adverb, the most neutral order is Adverbmodal < Adjunct < Argument < Adverbmanner < V < Aux in V+Aux-final configurations (e.g. German), while it is Aux < Adverbmodal < V < Adverbmanner < Argument < Adjunct in Aux+V-initial configurations (e.g. in French). I will further show that object arguments and adjuncts, like adverbs, follow a basic hierarchical order depending on their formal and/or semantic properties (Time > Loc > Manner > Dative argument > Accusative argument > PP-argument, respectively). Some reordering is possible based on subtle properties of informational structure and involves derivational devices such as pied-piping and remnant movement.
Published online: 24 September 2015
Cited by 1 other publications
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 04 may 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.
2007 Information structuring begins with the numeration. Ms, ACLC, Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Alexiadou, Artemis & Elena Anagnostopoulou
2002 Complement and adverbial PPs: Implications for clause structure. Talk given at GLOW 25, Amsterdam, April 10.
2010 Word order typology. A change of perspective. In Proceedings of the TADWO Conference, Michelle Sheehan & Glenda Newton (eds). Oxford: OUP. http://lear.unive.it/handle/10278/1517
Cinque, Guglielmo & Rizzi, Luigi
Grewendorf, Gunter & Sabel, Joachim
Grohmann, Kleanthes K.
2008 Antisymmetry and the lexicon. Ms, New York University. http://linguistics.as.nyu.edu/page/people/faculty/kayne/papers/Kayne0208AntisymmetryLexicon.pdf
Koopman, Hilda & Szabolcsi, Anna
Laenzlinger, Christopher & Soare, Gabriela
Laenzlinger, Christopher & Soare Gabriela
Pesetsky, David & Torrego, Esther
Rizzi, Luigi & Shlonsky, Ur
2006 Satisfying the subject criterion by a non-subject: English locative inversion and heavy NP shift. Ms, University of Siena and University of Geneva.
Sabel, Joachim & Saito, Mamoru
Tescari Neto, Aquiles
2013 On Verb Movement in Brazilian Portuguese: A Cartography study. PhD dissertation, Ca’Foscari University, Venice.
van Gelderen, Véronique
2003 Scrambling Unscrambled, Ph.D. dissertation, University of Leiden.