Article published in:Language Contact and Change in the Americas: Studies in honor of Marianne Mithun
Edited by Andrea L. Berez-Kroeker, Diane M. Hintz and Carmen Jany
[Studies in Language Companion Series 173] 2016
► pp. 139–166
“Excorporation” in a Dene (Athabaskan) language
In the Fort Good Hope variety of the Dene (North Slavey) language, Proto-Athabaskan *n generally is realized as [r] in an oral environment and as [n] in a nasal environment. However, in some cases where alternations between [n] and [r] are expected based on closely related varieties, only the [r] variety is found. One consequence of this restructuring is that derivational affixes that were historically closely integrated into the verb word from a phonological perspective are now less fully integrated. This type of language change is typologically unusual. I suggest that it was motivated by the pressure to retain consistency of morpheme shape, perhaps to aid communication with speakers of a related but quite different language, representing a type of contact effect.
Keywords: Dene (Athabaskan), derivational morphology, excorporation, language contact, phonology, restructuring
Published online: 19 April 2016
1982 Dogrib Grammar. Ms.
Hara, Hiroko Sue
Heine, Michael, Andre, Alestine, Kritsch, Ingrid & Cardinal, Alma
Jetté, Julius & Jones, Eliza
1999 The Dynamics of Polysynthetic Morphology: Person and Number Marking in Athabaskan. PhD dissertation, The University of New Mexico.
Krauss, Michael & Golla, Victor
1929 Hare file slips.
1927 Voyages from Montreal on the River St. Laurence through the Continent of North America to the Frozen and Pacific Oceans in the Years 1789 and 1793 with a Preliminary Account of the Rise, Progress, and Present State of the Fur Trade of the Country, John W. Garvin (ed). Toronto: The Radisson Society of Canada.
Marinakis, Aliki, Mary K. Richardson, Leslie Saxon & Mary Siemens
Moore, Patrick James
2002 Point of View in Kaska Historical Narratives. PhD dissertation, University of Indiana.
1876 Dictionnaire de la langue dènè-dindjié dialects montagnais ou chippewayan, peaux de lièvre et loucheux, renfermant en outre un grand nombre de termes propres à sept autres dialectes de la même langue ; précédé d’une monographie des Dènè- Dindjié, d’une grammaire et de tableaux synoptiques des conjugaisons. Paris: Ernest Leroux; San Francisco: A.-L. Bancroft.
2013 Language contact as an inhibitor of sound change: An Athabaskan example. In The Persistence of Language: Constructing and Confronting the Past and Present in the Voices of Jane H. Hill [Culture and Language Use. Studies in Anthropological Linguistics 8], Shannon T. Bischoff, Deborah Cole, Amy V. Fountain & Mizuki Miyashita (eds), 29-51. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Rice, Sally, Libben, Gary & Derwing, Bruce