Article published in:New Approaches to English Linguistics: Building bridges
Edited by Olga Timofeeva, Anne-Christine Gardner, Alpo Honkapohja and Sarah Chevalier
[Studies in Language Companion Series 177] 2016
► pp. 141–173
Future time marking in spoken Ghanaian English
The variation of will vs. be going to
This article investigates outcomes in the process of structural nativization in the evolution of New English varieties in the domain of future time marking, analyzing the constraints on variation of WILL and BE GOING TO in spoken Ghanaian English (GhE) as compared to British English (BrE), using mixed effects logistic regression models. The analysis shows that in spoken GhE future time markers are not as clearly distributed syntactically, semantically, and pragmatically as in spoken BrE, which reflects its learner variety history and its status in a highly multilingual society. However, it is also shown that different future marker-verb collocations in spoken GhE may reflect first nativization processes in the variety, which corroborates previous findings that innovations in New Englishes start at the lexico-grammatical level (cf. Schneider 2007: 86–88).
Keywords: Ghanaian English, World Englishes, corpus linguistics, mixed effects logistic regression model, nativization, future time marking
Published online: 01 November 2016
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