The article investigates how ongoing grammatical change, widely documented in various native varieties, is adopted in advanced lingua franca use of English (ELF). It incorporates a broader perspective on ELF than previously, seeing it as one stage in the long diachronic continuum of Englishes rather than as an entity emerging in spoken interaction. The first part details a corpus project that produces written multi-genre corpora suitable for real-time studies of how ongoing variability is reflected in lingua franca use. It is followed with a case study investigating quantitative patterns in a set of core and emergent modal auxiliaries. The results suggest that in cases of substantial recent changes in the core varieties of English, lingua franca uses polarize the diffusion of change. The conclusions suggest that a diachronically-informed angle to lingua franca use offers a new vantage point not only to ELF but also to ongoing grammatical variability.
2013English in contemporary Sweden: Perceptions, policies, and narrated practices. Journal of Sociolinguistics 17(1): 93–117.
Bowie, Jill, Wallis, Sean & Aarts, Bas
2013Contemporary change in the modal usage in spoken British English: mapping the impact of “genre”. In English Modality: Core, Periphery and Evidentiality, Juana I. Marín-Arrese, Marta Carretero, Jorge Arús Hita, & Johan van der Auwera (eds), 57–94. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
2009Modals and quasi-modals in world Englishes. World Englishes 28(3): 281–292.
2013Grammatical colloquialism and the English quasi-modals: A comparative study. In English Modality: Core, Periphery and Evidentiality, Juana I. Marín-Arrese, Marta Carretero, Jorge Arús Hita, & Johan van der Auwera (eds), 155–169. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
2014Quasi-modals and modals in Australian English fiction 1800–1999, with comparisons across British and American English. Journal of English Linguistics 42(1): 7–30.
D’Arcy, Alexandra & Tagliamonte, Sali A.
2015Not always variable: Probing the vernacular grammar. Language Variation and Change 27: 255–285.
2012Convergent developments between ‘Old’ and ‘New’ Englishes. A paper presented at the International Conference on English Historical Linguistics (ICEHL 17), University of Zurich, 20–24 August.
2008Learner corpora. In Corpus Linguistics: An International Handbook, Anke Lüdeling & Merja Kytö (eds), 259–275. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
2011Overuse of the progressive in ESL and learner Englishes – fact or fiction? In Mukherjee & Hundt (eds), 145–165.
Hundt, Marianne & Leech, Geoffrey
2012“Small is beautiful”: On the value of standard reference corpora for observing recent grammatical change. In The Oxford History of the English Language, Terttu Nevalainen & Elizabeth Closs Traugott (eds), 175–188. Oxford: OUP.
Jenkins, Jennifer, Cogo, Alessa & Dewey, Martin
2011Review of developments in research into English as a lingua franca. Language Teaching 44(3): 281–315.
1985Standards, codification and sociolinguistic realism: The English language in the outer circle. In English in the World: Teaching and Learning the Language and Literatures, Randolph Quirk & Henry Widdowson (eds), 11–30. Cambridge: CUP.
2000Emerging English Modals: A Corpus-Based Study of Grammaticalization [Topics in English Linguistics 32]. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
2016Ongoing changes and advanced L2 use of English: Evidence from new corpus resources. In Corpus Linguistics on the Move: Exploring and Understanding English through Corpora [Language and Computers: Studies in Digital Linguistics], María José López-Couso, Belén Méndez-Naya, Paloma Núñez-Pertejo & Ignacio M. Palacios-Martínez (eds), 59–84. Amsterdam: Brill. DOI .
Forthcoming. On ELF and language change: A variationist perspective to the debate. Journal of English as a Lingua Franca.
2003Modals on the move: The English modal auxiliaries 1961–1992. In Modality in Contemporary English, Roberta Facchinetti, Frank R. Palmer & Manfred G. Krug (eds), 223–240. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
2011The modals ARE declining: Reply to Neil Millar’s “Modal verbs in TIME: Frequency changes 1923–2006”, International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 14:2 (2009), 191–220. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 16(4): 547–564.
2013Where have all the modals gone? An essay on the declining frequency of core modal auxiliaries in recent standard English. In English Modality: Core, Periphery and Evidentiality, Juana I. Marín-Arrese, Marta Carretero, Jorge Arús Hita & Johan van der Auwera. (eds), 95–115. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Leech, Geoffrey, Hundt, Marianne, Mair, Christian & Smith, Nicholas
2009Change in Contemporary English: A Grammatical Study. Cambridge: CUP.
Noël, Dirk, van Rooy, Bertus & van der Auwera, Johan
2014Diachronic Approaches to Modality in World Englishes: Introduction to the special issue. Journal of English Linguistics 42(1): 3–6.
2015Changes in the Field of Obligation and Necessity in Contemporary British English. A Corpus-Based Sociolinguistic Study of Semi-Modal NEED TO [Mémoires de la Société Néophilologique XCV]. Helsinki: Société Néophilologique.
1998Social factors and pronominal change in the seventeenth century: The Civil War effect? In Advances in English Historical Linguistics (1996), Jacek Fisiak & Marcin Krygier (eds), 361–388. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
2008Corpus linguistics and historical linguistics. In Corpus Linguistics: An International Handbook, Anke Lüdeling & Merja Kytö (eds), 53–68. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
2013Singapore weblogs: Between speech and writing. In Corpus Linguistics and Variation in English: Focus on Non-Native Englishes [Studies in Variation, Contacts and Change in English 13], Magnus Huber & Joybrato Mukherjee (eds), [URL] (27 February 2014).
2014New reflections on the evolutionary dynamics of world Englishes. World Englishes 33(1): 9–32.
2011Understanding English as a Lingua Franca. Oxford: OUP.
2004New Dialect Formation: The Inevitability of Colonial Englishes. Edinburgh: EUP.
Cited by 11 other publications
2019. Leading by limitation? Language and communication within the workplace. Journal of Work-Applied Management 11:2 ► pp. 133 ff.
2020. ELF, Language Change, and Social Networks. In Language Change, ► pp. 179 ff.
2018. Second Language Acquisition, world Englishes, and English as a Lingua Franca (ELF). World Englishes 37:1 ► pp. 106 ff.
2020. ELF and Translation As Language Contact. In Language Change, ► pp. 95 ff.
Taipale, Irene & Mikko Laitinen
2022. Individual Sensitivity to Change in the Lingua Franca Use of English. Frontiers in Communication 6
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 14 may 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers.
Any errors therein should be reported to them.