This paper investigates the linguistic encoding of source, trajectory, and goal in seventeen European languages. The data comes from translations of Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone in the ParaSol parallel corpus. The original English text and all translations display more frequent marking of goal than of source or trajectory and thus conform to the goal-over-source principle identified by Ikegami (1987). This goal bias is explained by a translation strategy where goal information is expanded upon to the demise of trajectory information, as goal information is most important for following the narrative. An attempt is made to explain cross-linguistic differences in path encoding using phylogenetic comparative methods, but unfortunately the dataset is too small to allow for generalizations.
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To appear. Space and language typology: Encoding motion across languages.
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2005Source and goal asymmetry in non-linguistic motion event representations. PhD dissertation, The Johns Hopkins University.
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1993English Verb Classes and Alternations: A Preliminary Investigation. Chicago IL: The University of Chicago Press.
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2011Bulgarian Verbs of Motion: Slavic Verbs in a Balkan Context. PhD dissertation, University of California at Berkeley.
2009Subcategorization pattern and lexical meaning of motion verbs: A study of the source/goal ambiguity. Linguistics 47: 1113–1141.
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1999Inferring the historical patterns of biological evolution. Nature 401: 877–84.
2010The syntactic structure of locations, goals, and sources. Linguistics 48: 1043–1081.
2010Source–goal asymmetries in motion representation: Implications for language production and comprehension. Cognitive Science 34: 1064–1092.
Pavlenko, Aneta & Volynsky, Maria
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1997Constraints on the learning of spatial terms: A computational investigation. In Psychology of Learning and Motivation [Mechanisms of Perceptual Learning 36], Robert L. Goldstone, Douglas L. Medin & Philippe G. Schyns (eds), 171–217. San Diego CA: Academic Press.
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1996Two ways to travel: Verbs of motion in English and Spanish. In Grammatical Constructions: Their Form and Meaning, Masayoshi Shibitani & Sandra A. Thompson (eds), 195–219. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
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2004The many ways to search for a frog: Linguistic typology and the expression of motion events. In Relating Events in Narrative: Typological and Contextual Perspectives, Sven Strömqvist & Ludo Verhoven (eds), 219–257. Mahwah NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Slobin, Dan I.
2005Relating narrative events in translation. In Perspectives on Language and Language Development: Essays in Honor of Ruth A. Berman, Dorit Diskin Ravid & Hava Bat-Zeev Shyldkrot (eds), 115–129. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
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To appear. Differences in the coding of spatial language impact classification: Current methodological and typological issues with a special focus on Modern Greek. Languages in Contrast.
1996An Introduction to Cognitive Linguistics. Harlow: Longman.
2014The Evolutionary Dynamics of Motion Event Encoding. PhD dissertation, Radboud University Nijmegen.
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2004Putting concepts together: Syntax. In Cognitive Exploration of Language and Linguistics [Cognitive Linguistics in Practice 1], 2nd edn, René Dirven & Marjolijn Verspoor (eds), 75–100. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
2008Coding spatial relations in Homeric Greek: Preverbs vs. prepositions. Historische Sprachforschung 121(1): 114–161.
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2009Motion Events in Parallel Texts: A Study in Primary-data Typology. Habilitationsschrift, Universität Bern.
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2006Source–Goal (in)difference and the typology of motion events in the clause. STUF – Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung 59: 284–303.
2023. Speed and space: semantic asymmetries in motion descriptions in Estonian. Cognitive Linguistics 34:1 ► pp. 35 ff.
van der Klis, Martijn & Jos Tellings
2022. Generating semantic maps through multidimensional scaling: linguistic applications and theory. Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory 18:3 ► pp. 627 ff.
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